Art History (Greek continued)

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    Praxiteles, Hermes and the Infant Dionysos, Roman marble copy after an original of ca. 320-310 BCE, 7’1” high

    • -Praxiteles-had a big school, trained many artists, worked w/bronze a lot
    • -Pose-leaning over; resting
    • -Expression-bored?
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    Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, Roman marble copy after original dated 
ca. 350 BCE, 6’8” high

    • -People of Knidos rejected statue outright; thought was "scandalous"
    • -Bracelet-associated with Hetayre (prostitutes), implies that this was done from life
    • -Hand covering-still slight modesty
    • -Contrapostto
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    Lysippos, Apoxyomenos (Scraper) Roman marble copy, probably from a bronze original of ca. 350 - 325 BCE, 6’9” high

    • -Lysippos-in the court of Alexander the Great (did a lot of portraits of him)
    • -In classical Greek tradition, there is only one plane. In this, arm is extended forward; makes statue more interactive
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    Comparison of Lysippos 7:1 and Polykleitos 6:1 ratios

    • New canon-head is 1/7th size of the body
    • Style-hair is messier

    When Romans conquored Greece, took a lot of statues, some wound up in Vatican. Pope in 19th centuries ordered statues to be censored.
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    The Battle of Issos or Battle of Alexander and the Persians, ca. 100 BCE, mosaic copy from Pompeii of a Hellenistic painting of ca 315 BCE, 8’11” x 16’9-1/2”

    • -mosaic-1st were made of stone, each stone/tile/piece called a tessera (tesserae=plural)
    • -defies convention of hieratic scale (Alexander is not largest figure)
    • -political humor?
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    Epigonos (?), Dying Trumpeter, Victory Monument of Attalos I of Pergamon, Roman marble copy after a bronze original from Pergamon, ca. 220 BCE, 36.5” high

    • -Hellenistic art-emotion, pathos, drama/theatric
    • -Celts=Gauls/Gallic (one branch ended up in South, imposed taxes on Greeks, Attalos revolted
    • -Pathos (face)
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    Gallic chieftain killing himself and his wife, Roman marble copy after bronze original, ca. 220 BCE, 6’11” high
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    Athena and Alkyoneus, from the east side of the Great Frieze of the Great Altar of Zeus at Pergamon, ca. 175 – 150 BCE, marble, 7’7” high

    • -Typifies Hellenistic art
    • -Baroque-art/architechture of the 17th century, implies a lot of excess ornament for drama
    • -Something of an anachronism-Athena wasn't alive at the time of this battle
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    Nike of Samothrace, from the Sanctuary of the Great gods, Samothrace, ca. 180 BCE, marble, 8’1” high

    • -Nike landing on prow of a ship
    • -High sense of movement
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    Old Woman, Roman copy, 1st century CE, Marble, 49.5” high

    -Hellenistic period-more variety in subject matter
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    Aphrodite of Melos (Venus de Milo), ca. 150-105 BCE, 6’8” high

    • Arms missing
    • Example of clacissism (restrained expression), which is contrasted by erotic nature
Card Set
Art History (Greek continued)