The sense of oneness or wholeness in a work of art.
when is a feeling of wholeness or harmony achieved?
when all parts of a design work together.
If the parts of a design don't work together, what happens
the result will be chaos and disorder.
What are some of the ways an artist can achieve a single, harmonious design?
the use of color, texture, and repetition of shapes or forms, and use of dominant and subordinate elements
What is dominance?
A concept that one primary element attracts more attention than anything else in a composition. The dominant element is visually a focal point in the composition. when one single visual element plays a major part.
What is subordinate
Describing anything that is of lessor importance than the dominant element in an artwork.
what is another word for subordinate
What is the purpose of a subordinate part
to support the dominant subject and add variety to the design
Who is the artist of "Blue on white and what does the blue represent, and what does the white represent
Artist is Ellsworth Kelly. The artist used one single color that dominates and provides a sense of wholeness. The unusual shape of the painting creates an exciting relationship between the positive and negative spaces, and supplies the design with the necessary variety and interest
What was the name of the play that Kathe Kollwitz based her series of paintings, The Weavers' uprising on? And what is the name of the print shown in the reading?
The Weavers, written by Gerhart Hauptmann. The work shown is Attack.
Artists use repetition of visual units to develop a feeling of unity within a design. what are examples
Artist might repeat certain shapes in a textile design, or a photographer might frame a composition so that similar shapes or values are repeated.
What causes monotony in a design?
Too much repetition of a single feature
What does an artist do when using repetition while being careful not to produce monotony
To add some variety, an artist might repeat a shape but give each a slightly different color or size, or repeat a color within a slightly different shape. If used carefully, such variations will increase interest but not disturb the unity of a composition.
What variations of repetition, if used carefully, will increase interest but not disturb the unity of a composition?
repeating a shape but give each a slightly different color or size, repeat a color within a slightly different shape.
What is the simplest way to create a sense of unity?
use of color
using one color without variation would be _____ and ____.
boring and monotonous.
what would you add to one color to prevent it from being boring and monotonous
interesting texture or a subordinate color.
what can be added to one color to create the necessary contrasts
white, black, or gray to create different tints, shades, and tones
Ture or False. An artist uses color harmony such as analogous colors to retain a strong feeling of unity.
How might an artist use texture or surface quality to create a sense of unity?
examples are: using consistent brush strokes, or sculptor might use a single material where the smooth or rough quality of the material imparts dominant texture or the artist might alter the surface quality with fingerprints, scratches, tool marks, and indentions.
How might an artist keep texture from losing visual interest
Slightly vary the surface quality. Ex. painter that uses similar brushstrokes might include a variety of colors or values. Sculptor or architect might include quiet areas in which the texture is reduced or not apparent.
what was Isamu Noguchi known for?
Sculpture, example is Humpty Dumpty
what did Isamu Noguchi say he wanted to be after graduating high school? What was he majoring in when he got a scholarship to the Leonardo da Vinci Art School
be an artist. He was in medical school, specifically premed at Columbia University
From where did Isamu Noguchi draw his inspiration for his sculpture?
the natural world, particularly Japanese settings
Why do artists often try to create unity in their artworks:
Artists often want their art to have a feeling of wholeness or harmony.
List four ways to create unity in an artwork.
make one element dominant, repeat visual units, use monochromatic or analogous colors, and use a similar overall surface quality.
Explain what dominant and subordinate elements are in a design. Name an example of an image in this chapter that has a dominant element. Identify that element.
The dominant element is the major element in a design, whereas the less emphasized elements are the subordinate elements. Exs: Blue on White by Ellsworth Kelly, Field Workers by Ellis Wilson, and Attach by Kathe Kollwitz
Name an image in this chapter that uses repetition of shape to create unity.
Raqqua II, by Frank Stella
Select one image in this chapter that uses an overall surface texture to create unity. Describe the texture.
Maison Maria with a view of Chateau Noir by Paul Cezanne, unity of the work is visible in the consistency and clarity of every brushstroke.
Explain what prompted Kathe Kollwitz to create her series of prints, The weavers Uprising
Kollwitz was inspired by a banned play The Weavers, which dealt with the 1844 revolt of Silesian weavers who had lost their jobs
With what two countries was Noguchi most closely associated? How did these cultures influence his work?
With parents from Japan and USA, Noguchi had ties to both countries. He studied in USA, but he drew inspiration from the natural world, particularly Japanese settings.