cross culture literacy
an understanding of how cultural differences across and within nations can affect the way business is practiced
a system of values and norms that are shared among a group of people and that when taken together constitute a design for living
abstract ideas about what a group believes to be good, right, and desirable
the social rules that prescribe appropriate behavior in particular situations
- the routine conventions for everyday life
- little moral signifigance
What two categories can norms be split into?
- norms that are seen as central to the functioning of society and to its social life
- violation=serious retribution
- somestimes mores become laws
which societies tend to be more group oriented?
the extent to which a society allows inequalities of physical and intellectual capabilities between people to grow into inequalities of power and wealth
high power distance=
low power distance=
play down inequalities as much as possible
extent to which cultures specialize members to accept ambiguous situations and to tolerate uncertainty
high uncertainty avoidance=
strong need for rules and regulations
low uncertainty avoidance=
- rediness to take risks
- less emotional resistance to change
sex roles are sharpened
sex roles are less distinguished
Hofstede's four dimensions of culture
- power distance
- individualism vs. collectivism
- uncertainty avoidance
- masculinity vs feminity
- extent to which a society adheres to confucian values about time, persistence, order by status, protection of face, respect for tradition, and reciprocation of gifts
As countries get richer, they shift from traditional values linked to tradition to....
secular rational values
a belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group or culture
culture is NOT...
- right or wrong
- about individual behavior
culture is composed of (6):
- social structure
low context cultures
- direct approach
- task focused
high context cultures
- face saving
- relationship focused
inbetween ethnocentrism and polycentrism
reject home culture in favor of others
what is the primary concern of communism?
elimination of capitalist exploitation
ex of communist countries
who owns the means of production in a social democracy?
how does a social democracy provide a univeral right to a social safety net?
what is the primary concern for social democrats?
a more equal distribution of wealth.
ex of social democracy
Most of the world adheres to ..... law