1. arachn/o
  2. cephal/o
  3. cerebell/o
    the cerebellum
  4. cerebr/o
    the cerebrum; also the brain in general
  5. cortic/o
    outer layer or covering
  6. encephal/o
  7. gangli/o; ganglion/o
    ganglia (singular: ganglion)
  8. gli/o
  9. hydr/o
  10. iatr/o
    physician; to treat
  11. -mania
    suffix meaning "morbid attraction to" or "impulse toward"
  12. meningi/o
    a membrane
  13. ment/o
    referring to the mind
  14. -mnesia
  15. myel/o
    in connection with the nervous system, refers to the spinal cord and medulla oblongata
  16. neur/o
    a nerve cell; nervous system
  17. -oid
  18. -paresis
    weakness, loss of movement
  19. -phasia
  20. -phobia
    suffix meaning"morbid or unreasonable fear"
  21. -plegia
  22. schiz/o
    to split
  23. psych/o
    referring to the mind
  24. spin/o
    referring to the spinal cord
  25. ADHD
    attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  26. CNS
    central nervous system
  27. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident
  28. ECT
    electroconvulsive therapy
  29. EEG
  30. ICP
    intracranial pressure
  31. IQ
    intelligence quotient
  32. LOC
    level of consciousness
  33. LP
    lumbar puncture
  34. MS
    multiple sclerosis
  35. OBS
    Organic brain syndrome
  36. OCD
    obsessive compulsive disorder
  37. PERRLA
    pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation
  38. PNS
    peripheral nervous system
  39. PTSD
    posttraumataic stress disorder
  40. SAD
    seasonal affective disorder
  41. TENS
    transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
  42. TIA
    transient ischemic attack
  43. autonomic nervous system
    the parts of the PNS that carry messages between the CNS and organs that function autonomously
  44. arachnoid mater
    delicate web-like layer of the meninges; middle layer
  45. axon
    the part of a neuron that conducts electrical impulses
  46. brain stem
    the part of the brain that controls functions including heart rate, breathing, and body temperature, includes, midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata
  47. cell body
    one of the three parts of neuron cell, the other two are the axon and dendrites
  48. Central nervous system (CNS)
    the subdivision of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord
  49. cerebellum
    the part of the brain that controls the skeletal muscles
  50. cerebral cortex
    the gray matter surrounding the cerebrum
  51. cerebrospinal fluid
    the fluid in and around the brain and spinal cord
  52. cerebrum
    the largest part of the brain; controls conscious thought and stores memories
  53. dendrite
    one of two processes extending from a neuron cell body; the other is the axon
  54. dicencephalon
    the part of the brain containing both the thalamus and the hypthalamus
  55. dura mater
    the outer meninges, the fibrous membrane protecting the CNS
  56. frontal lobe
    the front part of the brain from which voluntary muscle movements and other sensory and motor tasks are directed
  57. ganglion
    a group of neuron cells bodies grouped together in the PNS
  58. hypothalamus
    the hormone and emotion center of the brain that controls autonomic functions
  59. leptomeninx
    collective term for the arachnoid mater and pia mater
  60. medulla oblongata
    the part of the brain stem that sends sensory information to the thalamus to direct the autonomic functions of the heart lungs and viscersa
  61. meninges
    three layer membrane surrounding brain and spinal cord
  62. mesencephalon
    the middle part of the brain between the diencephalon and the pons; also called the midbrain
  63. myelin sheath
    a fatty white envelope of cells providing protection and electrical insulation to neurons
  64. nerve
    a whitish, cordlike structure composed of one or more bundles of nerves fibers outside the CNS, together with their connective tissues and nourishing blood vessels
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