Art Exam

  1. Medium
    material used to create an image (paint)
  2. Pigments
    intense colors in powder form derived from animals, pants, minerals and synthetic chemicals
  3. Binder
    the liquid into which the pigments are ground and which hold the pigment particles together once the paint dries
  4. Support
    the surface upon which the painting is made
  5. Ground
    coating applied to the support to improve it for painting
  6. Solvent (Vehicle)
  7. Encaustic
    suspended in hot wax. -Get beautiful and vibrant color
  8. Fresco (Buon Fresco)
    wet wall, the paint gets absorbed and actually stay, doesn't chip
  9. Fresco Secco
    False - Dry wall, so the paint doesn't get absorbed, just sits on top, chips

    16th Chapel clean up

    • Change the color palette
    • Went from low key to high key
    • Micheal Angelo actually painted in high key
  10. Tempera
    • -Binder is yolk of an egg
    • -Demanding medium - dry really fast
    • Challenging
    • -Individual colors have been placed individually
  11. Gouache
    A method of painting with opaque watercolors mixed with a preparation of gum
  12. Impasto
    The application of thick layers of pigment to a canvas or other surface in painting
  13. Intaglio
    a printing process that uses an etched or engraved plate; the plate is smeared with ink and wiped clean, then the ink left in the recesses makes the print
  14. armature
    a framework around which the sculpture is built. This framework provides structure and stability, especially when a plastic material such as wax or clay is being used as the medium
  15. Contrapposto
    describe a human figure standing with most of its weight on one foot so that its shoulders and arms twist off-axis from the hips and legs. This gives the figure a more dynamic, or alternatively relaxed appearance
  16. Frieze
    architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
  17. Corbelling
    piece of stone jutting out of a wall to carry any weight
  18. Daguerreotype
    one of the earliest photographic processes, developed by Louis Daguerre, in which the image is formed by amalgam i.e. a combination of mercury and silver
  19. Entablature
    structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roof
  20. Colonnade
    structure consisting of a row of evenly spaced columns
  21. Hypostyle
    • hypostyle hall has a flat ceiling which is supported by columns
    • (Having a roof supported on a row of columns)
  22. Cornice
    • -a decorative framework to conceal curtain fixtures at the top of a window
    • -casinga molding at the corner between the ceiling and the top of a wallfurnish with a cornicethe
    • -topmost projecting part of an entablature
  23. Pediment
    classical architectural element consisting of the triangular section found above the horizontal structure (entablature), typically supported by columns. The gable end of the pediment is surrounded by the cornice moulding
  24. Ziggurat
    rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
  25. Earthenware
    ceramic ware made of porous clay fired at low heat
  26. Truss
    a structure comprising one or more triangular units constructed with straight members whose ends are connected at joints referred to as nodes
  27. Lost-Wax
    A method of casting a sculpture in which a model of the sculpture is made from wax; the model is used to make a mould; when the mould has set, the wax is made to melt and is poured away, leaving the mould ready to be used to cast the sculpture
Card Set
Art Exam
Art 101