What are some of the non-technical aspects of Nursing that we should be learning in this class?
- Ethical Decision Making
- Professional Behavior
- Conflict Resolution
- Recognizing Impending Problems
Florence Nightengale spurred reform in the british army in the ________ war by:
- Crimean War
- Keeping Statistics on the dead and dieing, illness and wounds
- Realizing that aseptic techniques were needed
Florence Nightengale is known for:
- demonstrating infection control and aseptic techniques
- collecting research
- being politically active to ensure healthcare reform
- establishing the first nursing school in England
- introducing a system to maintain pt records
When did the origin of American Nursing Occur?
- During the Civil War
- At the start there were no nurses. As the conflict continued, women volunteered
Who was Dorthea Dix?
- a long-time advocate for the mentally ill in prewar years.
- Superintendent of Women Nurses of the (Union) Army.
- created a month-long training program at two New York hospitals for women who wished to serve
- organized military hospitals and dispersed supplies.recieved no salary
- Inpatient Mentally Ill hospitals
Who was Mary Ann "Mother" Bickerdyke?
- an uneducated, widowed housekeeper known locally for her nursing ability
- was sent to the Western Front to investigate the situation in the hospital camp at Cairo, Illinois, where she found appalling conditions.
- created clean, if not sanitary, conditions. Even though she was not a formally trained nurse she provided much needed nursing services
Who was Clara Barton?
- “Angel of the Battlefield.” in Culpepper, Va
- She went on to found an organization whose name is synonymous with compassionate service: the American Red Cross.
Who was sojourner Truth
- Cared for soldiers during war
Who was harriet tubman?
- Known as "moses"
- Former slave/spy
- Served as nurse in civil war
What were the three nursing schools modeled after Florence Nightengale's school in 1873?
- Bellevue Training school in NY
- Connecticut Trainig School in New Haven
- Boston Training School in MA General Hospital
Who was the first African American Nurse
Mary Eliza Mahoney
Who was considered the first trained Nurse?
Linda Richards, graduating from New England School of Nursing
What were some of the requirements of early nursing school applicants
- Good Breeding
- Lady-Like Behavior
- Submission to authority
Nursing was origionally discriminatory against which 3 kinds of people
The first school for male nurses was
New York City Training School (1886)
First school for African Americans was:
Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary (later Spelman college)
What happened at the 1893 Chicago WOrld's Fair?
- Several Nursing Leaders Gathered to share ideas
- Isabel Hampton (Robb)
- Lavainia Lloyd Dock
- Bedford Fenwick
- Paper by Florence Nightingale
- Nat'l League for Nursing was created at this meeting
Who founded American Nurses Ass'n?
Isabel Hampton Robb
Who founded the International Council of Nurses
Beford Fenwick (1899)
What was the purpose of the Henrey Street Settlement and who was it founded by
- Lillian Wald
- Address serious health conditions of immigrants (in NYC)
What was Margaret Sanger known for
- for preserving reproductive and contraceptive rights for women
- worked at Henrey Street Settlement
What was the Stillman House?
- A branch of Henrey Street Settlement
- Served "colored" people
- broke through racial barriers
What historical event set the stage for Army Nurse Corps and Navy Nurse Corps
- Spanish American war and the outbreak of Typhoid Fever.
- There were not enough nurses
- forced to enlist untrained lay nurses
How did 'title protection' come to be?
- in 1903 Four states created permissive liscensure
- in 1923 All states required an exam for 'title protection'
- in 1950 NLN estabished the first nationwide State Board Test Pool Exam
Mary Breckenridge is known for:
- Establishing the first midwifery program
- Established the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS) in 1925 in rural Kentucky to assist disadvantaged women and children
- Documented the impact of nursing services on improving the health of communities
What were some of the nursing challenges between 1917-1930
What were some of the nursing challenges between 1930 and 1945?
In what era was clinical specialization developed
What are Flexner's criteria of a Professional?
- has own body of knowledge
- taught through specialized education
What are Hall's criteria of a Professional?
What is the difference between an occupation and a profession?
- Type and length of preparation required
- Level of commitment
- Body of values, beliefs
- Core competencies
What is an Occupation?
- The principle business of one’s life.
- Training can be On the Job
- MOstly manual work
- Trial and Error
- Workers are supervised
- Commitment varies
What is a Vocation?
A summons/strong inclination for a particular career/course of action.
What is the modern day definition of Profession?
- A calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation. Not mechanical/agricultural.
- Intellectual endeavoers
- Specialized body of knowledge
- Public Service
- Code of Ethics
- Professional Identity
What are the objectives of the State Nurse Practice Acts?
- 1. Defines the practice of professional nursing
- 2. Sets the minimum educational qualifications and other requirements for licensure
- 3. Determines the legal titles and abbreviations nurses may use
- 4. Provides for disciplinary action of licensees for certain causes
Nurses must hold a liscence in order to:
- use associated abreviations and titles