Nurs110 Lecture1

  1. What are some of the non-technical aspects of Nursing that we should be learning in this class?
    • Assertiveness
    • Communication
    • Ethical Decision Making
    • Professional Behavior
    • Conflict Resolution
    • Recognizing Impending Problems
  2. Florence Nightengale spurred reform in the british army in the ________ war by:
    • Crimean War
    • Keeping Statistics on the dead and dieing, illness and wounds
    • Realizing that aseptic techniques were needed
  3. Florence Nightengale is known for:
    • demonstrating infection control and aseptic techniques
    • collecting research
    • being politically active to ensure healthcare reform
    • establishing the first nursing school in England
    • introducing a system to maintain pt records
  4. When did the origin of American Nursing Occur?
    • During the Civil War
    • At the start there were no nurses. As the conflict continued, women volunteered
  5. Who was Dorthea Dix?
    • a long-time advocate for the mentally ill in prewar years.
    • Superintendent of Women Nurses of the (Union) Army.
    • created a month-long training program at two New York hospitals for women who wished to serve
    • organized military hospitals and dispersed supplies.recieved no salary
    • Inpatient Mentally Ill hospitals
  6. Who was Mary Ann "Mother" Bickerdyke?
    • an uneducated, widowed housekeeper known locally for her nursing ability
    • was sent to the Western Front to investigate the situation in the hospital camp at Cairo, Illinois, where she found appalling conditions.
    • created clean, if not sanitary, conditions. Even though she was not a formally trained nurse she provided much needed nursing services
  7. Who was Clara Barton?
    • “Angel of the Battlefield.” in Culpepper, Va
    • She went on to found an organization whose name is synonymous with compassionate service: the American Red Cross.
  8. Who was sojourner Truth
    • Abolitionist
    • Cared for soldiers during war
  9. Who was harriet tubman?
    • Known as "moses"
    • Former slave/spy
    • Served as nurse in civil war
  10. What were the three nursing schools modeled after Florence Nightengale's school in 1873?
    • Bellevue Training school in NY
    • Connecticut Trainig School in New Haven
    • Boston Training School in MA General Hospital
  11. Who was the first African American Nurse
    Mary Eliza Mahoney
  12. Who was considered the first trained Nurse?
    Linda Richards, graduating from New England School of Nursing
  13. What were some of the requirements of early nursing school applicants
    • Good Breeding
    • Lady-Like Behavior
    • Submission to authority
    • Sensitivity
    • Intelligence
  14. Nursing was origionally discriminatory against which 3 kinds of people
    • Men
    • African Americans
    • Jews
  15. The first school for male nurses was
    New York City Training School (1886)
  16. First school for African Americans was:
    Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary (later Spelman college)
  17. What happened at the 1893 Chicago WOrld's Fair?
    • Several Nursing Leaders Gathered to share ideas
    • Isabel Hampton (Robb)
    • –Lavainia Lloyd Dock
    • –Bedford Fenwick
    • –Paper by Florence Nightingale
    • Nat'l League for Nursing was created at this meeting
  18. Who founded American Nurses Ass'n?
    Isabel Hampton Robb
  19. Who founded the International Council of Nurses
    Beford Fenwick (1899)
  20. What was the purpose of the Henrey Street Settlement and who was it founded by
    • Lillian Wald
    • Address serious health conditions of immigrants (in NYC)
  21. What was Margaret Sanger known for
    • for preserving reproductive and contraceptive rights for women
    • worked at Henrey Street Settlement
  22. What was the Stillman House?
    • A branch of Henrey Street Settlement
    • Served "colored" people
    • broke through racial barriers
  23. What historical event set the stage for Army Nurse Corps and Navy Nurse Corps
    • Spanish American war and the outbreak of Typhoid Fever.
    • There were not enough nurses
    • forced to enlist untrained lay nurses
  24. How did 'title protection' come to be?
    • in 1903 Four states created permissive liscensure
    • in 1923 All states required an exam for 'title protection'
    • in 1950 NLN estabished the first nationwide State Board Test Pool Exam
  25. Mary Breckenridge is known for:
    • Establishing the first midwifery program
    • Established the Frontier Nursing Service (FNS) in 1925 in rural Kentucky to assist disadvantaged women and children
    • Documented the impact of nursing services on improving the health of communities
  26. What were some of the nursing challenges between 1917-1930
    • WWI
    • influenza epidemic
  27. What were some of the nursing challenges between 1930 and 1945?
    • WWII
    • Great Depression
  28. In what era was clinical specialization developed
  29. What are Flexner's criteria of a Professional?
    • Intellectual
    • has own body of knowledge
    • practical
    • taught through specialized education
    • altruism
  30. What are Hall's criteria of a Professional?
    • Qualifications
    • organized
    • calling
  31. What is the difference between an occupation and a profession?
    • Type and length of preparation required
    • Level of commitment
    • Body of values, beliefs
    • Core competencies
  32. What is an Occupation?
    • The principle business of one’s life.
    • Training can be On the Job
    • MOstly manual work
    • Trial and Error
    • Workers are supervised
    • Commitment varies
  33. What is a Vocation?
    A summons/strong inclination for a particular career/course of action.
  34. What is the modern day definition of Profession?
    • A calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation. Not mechanical/agricultural.
    • Intellectual endeavoers
    • Accountability
    • Specialized body of knowledge
    • Public Service
    • Code of Ethics
    • Professional Identity
  35. What are the objectives of the State Nurse Practice Acts?
    • 1. Defines the practice of professional nursing
    • 2. Sets the minimum educational qualifications and other requirements for licensure
    • 3. Determines the legal titles and abbreviations nurses may use
    • 4. Provides for disciplinary action of licensees for certain causes
  36. Nurses must hold a liscence in order to:
    • practice
    • use associated abreviations and titles
Card Set
Nurs110 Lecture1
Lecture 1: History,Professionalism, Regulated Based Practice