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  1. fastidious
    • (adj.) difficult to please; dainty
    • The fastidious girl would not accept any offers as suitable.
    • The woman was extremely fastidious, as evident in her occasional fainting spells.
  2. fathom
    • (v.; n.) to understand; a nautical unit of depth
    • It was difficult to fathom the reason for closing the institution.
    • The submarine cruised at 17 fathoms below the surface.
  3. fatuous
    • (adj.) lacking in seriousness; vain and silly
    • The fatuous prank was meant to add comedy to the situation.
    • His fatuous personality demands that he stop in front of every mirror.
  4. fealty
    • (n.) loyalty
    • The baron was given land in exchange for his fealty to the king.
  5. fecund
    • (adj.) productive
    • The construction crew had a fecund day and were able to leave early.
  6. ferret
    • (v.) to look around for
    • I spent the morning ferreting for my keys
    • I have a pet ferret.
  7. fetid
    • (adj.) having a smell of decay
    • The fetid smell led us to believe something was decaying in the basement.
  8. fetish
    • (n.)anything to which one gives excessive devotion
    • The clay figure of a fertility goddess was a fetish from an ancient civilization.
  9. fetter
    • (n.) a chain to bind the feet
    • A fetter kept the dog chained to the fence.
  10. fissure
    • (n.) a cleft or crack
    • The earthquake caused a fissure which split the cliff face.
  11. flag
    • (v.) to become weak; to send a message
    • The smaller animal flagged before the larger one.
  12. flippant
    • (adj.) talkative; disrespectful
    • The youngsters were flippant in the restaurant.
    • The teacher became upset with the flippant answer from the student.
  13. flout
    • (v.) to mock or jeer
    • Do not flout an opponent if you believe in fair play.
  14. foist
    • (v.) to falsely identify as real
    • The smuggler tried to foist the cut glass as a priceless gem.
  15. foray
    • (v.) to raid for spoils, plunder
    • The soldiers were told not to foray the town.
  16. fortuitous
    • (adj.) happening accidentally
    • Finding the money under the bush was fortuitous.
  17. fractious
    • (adj.) rebellious; apt to quarrel
    • Fractious siblings aggravate their parents.
  18. fulminate
    • (v.) to blame, denunciate
    • It is impolite to fulminate someone for your mistakes.
    • Senator Shay fulminated against her opponent�s double-standard on campaign finance reform.
  19. fulsome
    • (adj.) disgusting due to excess
    • The man became obese when he indulged in fulsome eating.
  20. furtive
    • (adj.) secretive; sly
    • The detective had much difficulty finding the furtive criminal.
  21. fustian
    • (n.) pompous talk or writing
    • The fustian by the professor made him appear arrogant.
  22. gainsay
    • (v.) to speak against; to contradict; to deny
    • With Senator Bowker the only one to gainsay it, the bill passed overwhelmingly.
  23. galvanize
    • (v.) to stimulate as if by electric shock; startle; excite
    • The pep rally will galvanize the team.
  24. gamut
    • (n.) a complete range; any complete musical scale
    • The woman�s wardrobe runs the gamut from jeans to suits.
    • His first composition covered the entire gamut of the major scale.
  25. garbled
    • (adj.) mixed up; distorted or confused
    • The interference on the phone line caused the data to become garbled on the computer screen.
  26. garish
    • (adj.) gaudy, showy
    • The gold fixtures seemed garish.
  27. garrulous
    • (adj.) extremely talkative or wordy
    • No one wanted to speak with the garrulous man for fear of being stuck in a long, one-sided conversation.
  28. gauche
    • (adj.) awkward; lacking social grace
    • Unfortunately, the girl was too gauche to fit into high society.
  29. gauntlet
    • (n.) a protective glove
    • The gauntlet saved the man�s hand from being burned in the fire.
  30. genial
    • (adj.) contributing to life; amiable
    • Key West�s genial climate is among its many attractive aspects.
    • Her genial personality made her a favorite party guest.
  31. gibber
    • (v.) to rapidly speak unintelligibly
    • They did not want him to represent their position in front of the committee since he was prone to gibbering when speaking in front of an audience.
  32. glib
    • (adj.) smooth and slippery; speaking or spoken in a smooth manner
    • The salesman was so glib that the customers failed to notice the defects in the stereo.
  33. gourmand
    • (n.) one who eats eagerly
    • A gourmand may eat several servings of an entree.
  34. guffaw
    • (n.) boisterous laughter
    • A comedian�s success is assured when the audience gives forth a guffaw following his jokes.
  35. guile
    • (n.) slyness; deceit
    • By using his guile, the gambler almost always won at the card table.
  36. hackneyed
    • (adj.) commonplace; trite
    • Just when you thought neckties were becoming a hackneyed gift item, along comes the Grateful Dead collection.
    • Have a nice day has become something of a hackneyed expression.
  37. haggard
    • (adj.) untamed; having a worn look
    • The lawn in front of the abandoned house added to its haggard look.
    • He looked as haggard as you would expect a new father of quadruplets to look.
    • Just by looking at her haggard features, you can tell she has not slept for many hours.
  38. halcyon
    • (adj.) tranquil; happy
    • The old man fondly remembered his halcyon days growing up on the farm.
  39. harangue
    • (n; v.) a lengthy, heartfelt speech; to talk or write excitedly
    • We sat patiently and listened to her harangue.
    • When he finally stopped his haranguing, I responded calmly.
  40. haughty
    • (adj.) proud of oneself and scornful of others
    • The haughty ways she displayed her work turned off her peers.
    • The haughty girl displayed her work as if she were the most prized artist.
  41. hoary
    • (adj.) whitened by age
    • The paint had a hoary appearance, as if it were applied decades ago.
  42. homeostasis
    • (n.) maintenance of stability
    • Knowing the seriousness of the operation, the surgeons were concerned about restoring the patient to homeostasis.
  43. homily
    • (n.) solemn moral talk; sermon
    • The preacher gave a moving homily to the gathered crowd.
  44. hubris
    • (n.) arrogance
    • Some think it was hubris that brought the president to the point of impeachment.
  45. igneous
    • (adj.) having the nature of fire; volcanic
    • When the sun shone upon it, the material took on an igneous quality.
  46. ignoble
    • (adj.) ordinary; dishonorable;
    • The king was adamant about keeping his son from wedding an ignoble serf.
    • Consciously lying to someone is ignoble.
    • It was ignoble to disgrace the family in front of all of the townspeople.
  47. ignominious
    • (adj.) contemptible; disgraced; degrading
    • The behavior was so ignominious he was ashamed to be associated with it.
    • She left him because of his ignominious treatment of her.
  48. illusory
    • (adj.) unreal; false; deceptive
    • He was proven guilty when his alibi was found to be illusory.
  49. imbue
    • (v.) to soak or stain; permeate
    • The wound will imbue the shirt in blood.
    • The new day imbued him with a sense of optimism.
  50. impale
    • (v.) pierce through with, or stick on; somthing pointed
    • The knight was impaled by the sharp lance.
  51. impasse
    • (n.) a situation that has no solution or escape
    • The workers and administration were at an impasse in their negotiations.
  52. impassive
    • (adj.) showing no emotion
    • Even when his father died he gave an impassive response and walked out tearless.
    • Her expected announcement was met by an impassive facial expression.
  53. impecunious
    • (adj.) poor; having no money
    • The Great Depression made family after family impecunious.
  54. impenitent
    • (adj.) without regret, shame, or remorse
    • It was obvious after his impenitent remark to the press that the defendant felt no
    • remorse for his crime.
  55. imperious
    • (adj.) arrogant; urgent
    • Her imperious manner cost her her two best friends.
    • It was imperious that the message reach the police chief.
  56. imperturbable
    • (adj.) calm; not easily excited
    • The imperturbable West Point graduate made a fine negotiator.
  57. impetuous
    • (adj.) moving with great force; done with little thought
    • The impetuous movement took the art community by storm.
    • The impetuous teenager spent her money without considering what she needed the new purchase for.
    • Dagmar came to regret his impetuous actions, once he realized what he�d done.
  58. impiety
    • (n.) irreverence toward God; lack of respect
    • The bishop condemned the impiety of the celebrity�s assertions.
    • Impiety is evident in the way many people commit rude actions.
  59. implacable
    • (adj.) unwilling to be pacified or appeased
    • The baby was so implacable a warm bottle would not settle her.
    • The two year old was an implacable child; he cried no matter what his parents did to comfort him.
  60. impolitic
    • (adj.) unwise; imprudent
    • If you are planning to invest your money, impolitic decisions may be costly.
  61. imprecate
    • (v.) to pray for evil; to invoke a curse
    • A witch may imprecate an enemy with a curse of bad luck.
  62. improvident
    • (adj.) not providing for the future
    • An improvident person may end up destitute in latter life.
  63. impudent
    • (adj.) disrespectful and shameless
    • Impudent actions caused him to be unpopular.
  64. impugn
    • (v.) to attack with words; to question the truthfulness or integrity
    • The defense lawyer impugned the witness�s testimony, which set back the prosecution�s case.
    • If I believe the man is a fraud I will impugn his comments.
  65. imputation
    • (n.) to charge, to attribute a fault or misconduct to another
    • The imputation of guilt was made by the judge.
  66. incessant
    • (adj.) constant and unending
    • The mother gave in to the child after her incessant crying.
    • Incessant rain caused the river to flood over its banks.
  67. inchoate
    • (adj.) not yet fully formed; rudimentary
    • The inchoate building appeared as if it would be a fast-food restaurant.
    • The outline of the thesis was the inchoate form of a very complex theory.
  68. incommodious
    • (adj.) inconvenient
    • The incommodious illness caused her to miss an important interview.
  69. incorporeal
    • (adj.) not consisting of matter
    • The apparition appeared to be incorporeal.
  70. incredulous
    • (adj.) skeptical
    • The incredulous look on his face led me to believe he was not convinced of its importance.
    • The reporter was incredulous on hearing the computer executive�s UFO account.
  71. inculcate
    • (v.) to impress upon the mind, as by insistent urging
    • I will inculcate the directions if people are unsure of them.
  72. indelible
    • (adj.) that which cannot be blotted out or erased
    • The photograph of Neil Armstrong setting foot on the moon made an indelible impression on all who saw it.
  73. indict
    • (v.) charge with a crime
    • The grand jury indicted her and her husband for embezzlement and six other lesser counts.
  74. indigence
    • (n.) the condition of being poor
    • The family�s indigence was evident by the run-down house they lived in.
  75. indignant
    • (adj.) expressing anger to an injustice
    • He was indignant over the way he was treated.
  76. indolent
    • (adj.) lazy; inactive
    • If we find him goofing off one more time, we won�t be able to escape the fact that he�s indolent.
    • An indolent student slept all day.
  77. indomitable
    • (adj.) not easily discouraged or defeated
    • The underdog candidate had an indomitable spirit.
  78. ineluctable
    • (adj.) something inevitable
    • They were prepared for the ineluctable disaster.
  79. ingenue
    • (n.) an unworldly young woman
    • As an ingenue, Corky had no experience outside of her small town.
  80. ingenuous
    • (adj.) noble; honorable; candid; also naive, simple, artless, without guile
    • The ingenuous doctor had a great bedside manner, especially when it came to laying out the full implications of an illness.
  81. ingratiate
    • (v.) to bring into one�s good graces
    • The man was hoping to ingratiate himself with his wife by buying a bouquet of flowers and candy.
  82. ingratitude
    • (n.) ungratefulness
    • When she failed to send a thank-you card, her friend took it as a sign of ingratitude.
  83. inimical
    • (adj.) hostile, unfriendly
    • The chess player directed an inimical stare at his opponent to knock him off his game.
  84. iniquitous
    • (adj.) wicked; unjust
    • The verbal abuse towards the man was truly iniquitous.
  85. initiate
    • (v.; n.) begin; admit into a group; a person who is in the process of being admitted into a group He initiated the dinner discussion by asking his father to borrow the car.
    • As an initiate to the Explorers, George was expected to have a taste for the outdoor life.
  86. insipid
    • (adj.) uninteresting, boring flat, dull
    • Many people left the insipid movie before it was finished.
    • Declaring the offerings insipid, the critic grudgingly awarded the restaurant one star.
  87. insular
    • (adj.) having the characteristics of an island; narrow-minded, provincial
    • After walking along the entire perimeter and seeing that the spit of land was actually insular, we realized it was time to build a boat.
    • His insular approach to education makes him a pariah among liberals.
  88. insularity
    • (n.) having the characteristics of an island
    • The insularity of the country made it a great place to build a resort.
  89. intractable
    • (adj.) stubborn, obstinate; not easily taught or disciplined
    • Every teacher in the school became frustrated with the intractable student and sent him to the principal�s office.
    • An intractable pet can be very frustrating.
  90. intransigent
    • (adj.) uncompromising
    • With intransigent values, no amount of arguing could change her mind.
    • The baseball owners and players remained intransigent, so a deal was never struck.
  91. intrepid
    • (adj.) fearless, bold
    • The intrepid photographer flew on some of the fiercest bombing raids of the war.
    • Her intrepid actions deserved a medal.
  92. inundate
    • (v.) to flood; to overwhelm with a large amount of
    • The broken water main inundated the business district with water.
    • Surfing the Internet can inundate you with information.
    • That�s why a web browser comes in handy.
  93. inured
    • (adj.) accustomed to pain
    • Beekeepers eventually become inured to bee stings.
  94. inveterate
    • (adj.) a practice settled on over a long period of time
    • The inveterate induction ceremony bespoke one of the school�s great traditions.
  95. iota
    • (n.) a very small piece
    • There wasn�t one iota of evidence to suggest a conspiracy.
  96. irascible
    • (adj.) prone to anger
    • The irascible teenager was known to cause fights when upset.
    • Knowing that the king was irascible, the servants decided not to tell him about the broken crystal.
  97. irreproachable
    • (adj.) without blame or faults
    • The honesty of the priest made him irreproachable.
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