AP US History Ch 15

  1. Alexis de Tocqueville
    Declared that there was "no country in the world where the Christian religion retains a greater influence over the souls of men than in America."
  2. The Age of Reason
    Written in 1794 by Thomas Paine; declared that all churches were "set up to terrify and enslave mankind, and monopolize power and profit."
  3. Deism
    Religion that relied on reason (science) rather than revelation (the Bible). Rejected the concept of original sin and denied Christ's divinity, but believed in a Supreme being that created the universe.
  4. Unitarian
    Religion that thought that God existed in only one being instead of the Trinity. Believed in the goodness, not evil, of human nature, and thought that salvation could be obtained through good works.
  5. "camp meetings"
    During the Second Great Awakening, the encampments where thousands of people would gather listen (rather excitedly) to an itinerant preacher preach.
  6. Peter Cartwright (1785-1872)
    Best known Methodist "circuit rider" (traveling frotier preacher). Muscular and willing to defend his religion physically as well.
  7. Charles Grandison Finney
    Greatest of the revival preachers; trained as a lawyer, but converted to preaching. Mixed the old and the new. Devised the "anxious bench" where repentant sinners sat in full view of the congregation. Also denounced alcohol and slavery.
  8. "Burned-Over District"
    Term given to western New York because of the sermons about "hellfire and damnation" often preached there.
  9. Millerites (aka Adventists)
    Denomination that rose from the Burned-Over District in the 1830's and believed that Christ would return to earth on October 22, 1844.
  10. Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Congregationalists, and Unitarians
    Demoninations generally populated by the wealthy
  11. Methodists, Baptists, and new sects
    Denominations generally populated by the poor
  12. Joseph Smith
    Started Mormonism in 1830; claimed an angel had given him golden plates that constituted the Book of Mormon, and the result was the Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints. Was killed in 1844 by a mob.
  13. Brigham Young
    Led Mormonism after Joseph Smith was killed. Led the Mormons to Utah to escape oppression.
  14. Horace Mann (1796-1859)
    Graduate from Brown University and secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education who's campaigning improved schooling in that and other states.
  15. Noah Webster (1758-1843)
    Yale-educated Connecticut Yankee who was kown as the "Schoolmaster of the Republic." His reading lessons promoted patriotism, and he spent twenty years on his famous dictionary that helped standardize the American language.
  16. William H. McGuffey (1800-1873)
    His grade-school readers were published in the 1830's and sold 122 million copies. They included lessons in morality, patriotism, and idealism.
  17. Emma Willard (1787-1870)
    Established the Troy (New York) Female Seminary.
  18. Oberlin College
    University that began admitting women as well as men in 1837. Had also previously admitted black students.
  19. Mary Lyon
    Established Mount Holyoke Seminary (later College) in South Hadley, Massachusetts.
  20. Lyceums
    provided platforms for speakers in sucha reas as science, literature, and moral philosophy.
  21. The North American Review and Godey's Lady's Book
    Two popular magazines during the 19th century.
Card Set
AP US History Ch 15
The Ferment of Reform and Culture