English Vocabulary

  1. hyperbole
    extreme exaggeration, often humorous, it can also be ironic; the opposite of understatement
  2. antithesis
    the presentation of two contrasting images. the ideas are balanced by word phrase, clause or paragraphs
  3. pathos
    the aspects of a text that elicit pity from the audience. an appeal to emotion can be used as means to persuade.
  4. metonymy
    a figure of speech in which a representative term is used for a larger idea
  5. metaphor
    a direct comparison between dissimilar things
  6. paradox
    a statement that seems contradictory on the surface, yet contains a measure of truth.
  7. enthymeme
    a two part line of logical thought in which one premise is implied
  8. onomatopoeia
    words that sound like the sound they represent
  9. logos
    an author's use of reason and evidence to arrive at conclusions as opposed to emotion. often authors use a framework that seems that sets up a chain of reasoning to arrive at a specific conclusion
  10. ethos
    how an author establishes hi/her credibility, trustworthiness or knowledge to the audience
  11. euphimism
    a more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable
  12. anecdote
    a story or brief episode told by the writer to illustrate a point
  13. parallelism
    the presentation of several equivalent ideas phrase in similar grammatical structure
  14. allusion
    a reference to another more famous work (such as the Bible and Mythology) contained in a work
  15. irony
    an unexpected twist or contrast between what happens and what was intended to happen
  16. polysyndeton
    the deliberate repetition of similar conjunctions between works, phrases or clauses
  17. syllogism
    the format of a formal argument that consists of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion
  18. apposition
    a noun that further describes or clarifies a noun standing next to it
  19. litotes
    to understate something by denying the opposite of the idea mind-often using a not-un construction
  20. satire
    a mode of writing based on ridicule, that criticizes the foibles and follies of society without necessarily offering a solution
  21. allegory
    a work that functions on a symbolic level
  22. sarcasm
    a comic technique that ridicules through caustic language, irony and wit to mock or scorn
  23. red herring
    an intentional stray from the topic at hand-to distract audience from topic
  24. simile
    an indirect comparison that uses the words like or as to link differing items in the comparison
  25. synecdoche
    a figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole
Card Set
English Vocabulary
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