human sexuality

  1. scrotum
    a pouch of skin that holds the testes and helps regulate the temperature
  2. testes
    produce sperm cells and testosterone
  3. seminiferous tubules
    ducts in the tests where sperm is created
  4. epididymis
    tube where the sperm matures (high school, coat)
  5. vas deferens
    two tubes that lead from the testes to the seminal vesicles. carries sperm into the body (VD highway)
  6. seminal vesicle
    produces a thick milky fluid that's added to the sperm. makes food for semen (pit stop 1)
  7. prostate
    makes alkali to protect sperm (pit stop 2)
  8. cowper's gland
    two small glands that secrete a clear, lubricating fluid into the urethra (pit stop 3)
  9. urethra
    the canal through which urine is discharged from bladder and which semen is discharged
  10. penis
    the male organ of copulation and of urinary excretion
  11. foreskin
    the loose fold of skin that covers the glands of the penis
  12. semen
    fluid that contains sperm and fluids from the seminal vesicle, prostate, and cowpers gland. the semen fertilizes the egg during conception. may contain up to 500 million sperm
  13. erection
    when the penis fills with blood and becomes larger. ejaculation does not always happen
  14. ejaculation
    occurs when the muscles in the reproductive system force semen through the urethra
  15. circumcision
    the removal of the skin at the top part of the penis
  16. vasectomy
    surgical removal of al or parts of the vas deferens, usually as a means of sterilization
  17. ovaries
    female reproductive glands that produce ova and estrogen
  18. egg/ovum/ova
    an egg in the ovary of the female
  19. estrogen
    the female sex hormone
  20. fallopian tubes
    long tubes that connect an ovary to the uterus
  21. ovulation
    the release of a mature ovum from the ovaries
  22. uterus
    an organ that receives and supports the fertilized egg during a pregnancy and contracts during childbirth to help delivery
  23. cervix
    the lowest part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. dilates during birth
  24. vagina
    a muscular tube that connects the uterus to the outside part of the body
  25. hymen
    membrane covering the opening of the female system
  26. labia majora
    screen door. outside layer of tissue of the female external genetalia
  27. labia menora
    main door. inner layer of tissue of the female external genitialia
  28. clitoris
    a small elongated highly sensitive erectile organ
  29. endometrium
    • the uterine lining or inner layer of the uterus
    • shed monthly during menstruation
    • then grows back and gets thicker until next period
  30. menopause
    a decrease in estrogen in females and the cessation of menstrual cycle
  31. dysmenorrhea
    painful menstruation
  32. amenorrhea
    abnormal menstruation. could be cessation of menstruation athletics
  33. pelvic inflammatory disease
    inflammation of the female genital tract
  34. urethra
    the transport tube from the bladder to discharge urin
  35. endometriosis
    a condition, usually resulting in pain and dysmenorrhea, which is characterized by the abnormal occurrence of functional endometrial tissue outside the uterus
  36. puberty: female
    • 9-12 years old
    • hormonal changes
    • hair growth
    • hips widen
    • breast development
    • voice changes
    • acne (skin issues)
  37. puberty: male
    • 10-16
    • testosterone release
    • hair growth (pubic, chest, underarm)
    • broadened shoulders
    • muscles increase
    • voice deepen
    • acne (skin issues)
    • penis development
  38. PMS
    • physical and emotional discomfort 1-2 weeks before period starts
    • mood changes, cramps, breast tenderness, nausea, headaches, fatigue, bloated, weight gain, inability to sleep/ concentrate, depression
  39. Twins
    • fraternal: 2 sperm fertilize 2 eggs
    • identical: 1 sperm fertilizes 1 egg then splits into 2
  40. relationships
    • a bond or connection you have with other people
    • our needs are met when we form healthy relationships.
    • healthy relationships based on shared value, interests and mutual respect
    • all relationships can have effects on our physical and mental and emotional and social health
  41. kinds of relationships
    • casual: peers with something in common. teams, religion, cafeteria, school. no deep emotional bonds.
    • close: strong emotional ties and feel comfortable sharing thoughts, feelings, experiences. open and honest communication, trust
  42. platonic friendship
    • with member of opposite gender.
    • there is affection, but you are not a couple
    • helps you realize that all people, regardless of gender, have similar feelings and needs
  43. dating
    learn about yourself, discover new interests, reaffirm values, build a future
  44. affection vs. infatuation
    • affection: a feeling of fondness for someone
    • infatuation: exaggerated feelings of passion for another person
    • affection = more realistic
  45. abstinence
    the deliberate decision to avoid high risk behavior, including sexual activities before marriage, alcohol and other use. only 100% chance of elimination STD's
  46. STD
    infectous disease spread from person to person through sexual contact
  47. risk factors for STDs
    being sexually active with more than one person, engaging in unprotected sex, selecting high rish partners, using alcohol or other drugs,
  48. consequences
    some STDs are incurable (herpes and aids. viruses). some stds cause cancer. HPV --> cervical cancer. Hepatitis B --> liver cancer. some can cause complications that affect ability to reproduce. some can be passed from infected female to her child before, during or after birth, damaging bones, nervous system and brain of fetus.
  49. HPV
    • human papaloma virus
    • a virus that can cause genital wrts or asymptomatic infections
    • most common STD in US.
    • detected trough pap smear
  50. genital warts
    • pink or reddish warts with a cauliflower like top that appears on the genitals 1-3 months after infection.
    • highly contagious, spread by any form of sexual contact with infected person
    • treatment can ride body of warts but not virus
  51. chlamydia
    • a bacterial infection that affects the reproductive organs of both males and femals. 2 million infected in US.
    • some cases experience no visible symptoms
    • symptoms include discharge from penis or vagina, burning upon urination
    • can lead to infertility. can be given to infants (eye infections and premature births)
    • can be treated with antibiotics
  52. genital herpes
    • 2 types of herpes:
    • cold sores
    • genital sores
    • symptoms are blister like sores in genital area
    • medications can relieve symptoms but cannot cure herpes infection
    • asymptomatic
  53. gonorrhea
    • a bacterial STD that usually infects mucus membranes
    • symptoms include discharge from genitals, burning upon urination
    • 50% of females don't experience symptoms
    • cured with antibiotics
  54. pubic lice
    • tiny insects that attach to the base of pubic hairs where they live and lay eggs, which develop into adult lice in two weeks
    • signs and symptoms: intense itching in genital regions
    • causes: sexual relations, infects bed sheets, clothes, furniture. can be present in hair over entire body
    • treatment: medicated creams, lotions, shampoos to kill lice and eggs, must treat body, sheets, clothes. furniture
  55. syphilis
    • bacterial
    • the long range effects can be very serious, including death
    • passed form person through direct contact with a syphilis sore
    • sores occur on external genitalia, vagina, anus or rectum, lips and mouth
    • transmission occurs during sex (anal, oral, vaginal)
  56. syphilis: stage 1
    • symptoms usually appear 10 -90 days after contact
    • infected person gets a sore (chancre) which may be painful at the point of contact (mouth, anus, rectum, throat, sex organ)
    • the chancre is usually firm, round, small and painless. appears at spot where bacterium entered body
    • chancre lasts 1-5 weeks then heals on its own. its often internal and can't be seen
  57. syphilis: stage 2
    • 3-6 weeks
    • copper colored rash which may appear on palms, soles of feet or all over the body
    • accompanied by fever, headaches, indigestion, loss of appetite, loss of hair
  58. syphilis: stage 3
    • all symptoms disappear. victim thinks they are cured.
    • if they have not received treatment, bacteria remains in body and beings to damage internal organs
  59. syphilis: stage 4
    • results of internal damage show up many years later
    • 10-30 years after infection- sudden heart attack, failure of vision, loss of motor coordination, mental disturbances
  60. trichomoniasis
    • parasite transmitted through sexual intercourse or by contact with contaminated damp objects, like towels or toilet seats that may contain vaginal discharge
    • signs/symptoms: foamy, itching, swelling, yellow green foul smelling discharge, painful urination
  61. HIV and AIDS
    • acquired immune deficiency syndrome: a disease in which the immune system of the patient is weakened
    • human immunodeficiency virus: a virus that attacks the immune system
    • AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV
    • opportunistic infections: infections that occur in individuals who do not have healthy immune systems
    • transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk, oral sex, sex, sharing needles, birth
  62. stages of HIV
    • asymptomatic stage: infected person has no symptems
    • symptomatic stage: infected person experiences symptoms
    • early stages: flu like symptoms. fever, rash, headaches, body aches
    • later stages: difficulty thinking and remembering (its attacks the brain cells), swollen glands, weight loss, yeast infections
    • treatments have side effects and cost $1000/month
Card Set
human sexuality
vocab for my health final