Nervous System

  1. antianxiety agent
    drug used to suppress anxiousness and relax muscles

    • anti- (against)
    • Gr. angho (to squeeze, embrace throttle)
  2. anticonvulsant agent
    drugs used to decrease seizure activity

    • anti- (against)
    • L. con (with)
    • L. vulsus (to tear up)

  3. antipsychotic agent
    drug given to patients to affect behavior and treat psychiatric disorders

    • anti- (against)
    • psych/o (of or pertaining to the mind)
    • -tic (adjective suffix)
  4. computerized tomography (CT)
    • noninvasive radiologic test that uses computer to produce cross-sectional images of soft tissue structures of brain and spinal cord
    • reveal problems such as brain tumors, aneurysms, herniations, cerebral hemorrhages, etc.

    • tom/o (to cut)
    • -graphy (to write or record)
  5. craniectomy
    excision of part of the skull

    • crani/o (cranium)
    • -ectomy (excision)
    • (KRAY-nee-ek-tuh-mee)
  6. craniotomy
    incision into the skull

    • crani/o (cranium)
    • -tomy (cutting operation)
    • (KRAY-nee-aw-tuh-mee)
  7. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
    a controlled convulsion produced by passing an electric current through the brain

    • aka: electroshock therapy (EST)
    • electr/o (electric); L. con (with); L. vulsus (to tear up)
  8. electronencephalography (EEG)
    record of the electrical potential of the brain

    • electr/o (electric); encephal/o (brain); -graphy (process of recording)
    • (ee-LEK-tro-en-sef-ah-LAH-grah-fee)
  9. lobotomy
    incision into a lobe

    • lob/o (lobe)
    • -tomy (cutting operation)
    • (lo-BAWT-uh-mee)
  10. lumbar puncture (LP)
    insertion of a needle into the subarachnoid space between the third and fourth or fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae to withdraw fluid for diagnosis

    L. lumbus (lion)
  11. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • uses radio waves and a very strong magnetic field to produce images of the soft tissue
    • used to visualize disease-related changes in brain/spinal cord undetectable by many conventional X-ray procedures
    • (ie: isolate damaged areas of brain caused by multiple sclerosis)
  12. myelography
    radiography of the spinal cord and nerve roots

    • myel/o (bone marrow or spine)
    • -graphy (process of recording)
    • (my-eh-LOG-rah-fee)
  13. neuroplasty
    surgery to repair a nerve

    • neur/o (nerve)
    • -plasty (repair)
    • (NURR-oh-plass-tee)
  14. sedatives or hypnotics
    drugs used to induce calming effect or sleep

    • L. sedeo (sit)
    • Gr. hypnotikos (causing one to sleep)
Card Set
Nervous System
definitions, analysis, pronunciation