Chapter 6

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  1. Select the incorrect statement.

    A. Doses of barbiturates that are required to relieve anxiety can also suppress respiration.
    B. Benzodiazepines are relatively safe when used for short periods of time.
    C. Barbiturates are prescribed for the relief of anxiety more than the benzodiazepines.
    D. The prescribing of depressants has declined over the last 10 years.
  2. Depressants are often classified according to ______.

    A. their MSA rating
    B. the degree to which they react with alcohol
    C. the degree they decrease CNS activity
    D. the first letter in their names
  3. A CNS depressant often used to relieve anxiety is a (an) ______.

    A. hypnotic
    B. sedative
    C. valium
    D. amnesiac
  4. Which of the following categories of depressants is named after a Greek god?

    A. amnesiacs
    B. sedatives
    C. valium
    D. hypnotics
  5. Which of the following terms refers to drugs used to relieve anxiety?

    A. hypnotic
    B. anxiolytic
    C. analgesic
    D. antipsychotic
  6. A CNS depressant can ______.

    A. relieve anxiety
    B. be used as a sleep aid
    C. cause severe physical dependence
    D. All of the above
  7. Select the correct statement.

    A. Xanax is a benzodiazepine approved for the treatment of panic disorder.
    B. Benzodiazepines are very similar to tranquilizers.
    C. Librium and Valium are barbiturates.
    D. Halcion is a benzodiazepine that has been banned in the United States.
  8. Which of the following statements concerning benzodiazepines is incorrect?

    A. There are currently more than 10 different benzodiazepines marketed in this country.
    B. Therapeutic doses of the benzodiazepines depress respiration.
    C. Benzodiazepines have less effect on REM sleep than barbiturates.
    D. Frequent use of the benzodiazepines can cause tolerance and withdrawal.
  9. Benzodiazepines are classified in which of the following Schedules?

    A. I
    B. II
    C. IV
    D. V
  10. Benzodiazepines are frequently used clinically to ______.

    A. aid in withdrawal from alcohol
    B. treat seizures
    C. preanesthetize a patientD. All of the above
  11. For most of the 1970s, ______ was the top-selling prescription drug.

    A. Clonazepam
    B. Librium
    C. Valium
    D. Xanax
  12. Approximately ______ benzodiazepine compounds are currently available in the United States.

    A. 5
    B. 14
    C. 25
    D. 49
  13. Select the incorrect statement.

    A. Narcotic addicts rarely combine benzodiazepines with heroin.
    B. Sometimes benzodiazepines are combined with cocaine to reduce the “crash” after stimulant use.
    C. Some benzodiazepines can cause paradoxical behavior such as nightmares, irritability, and restlessness.
    D. Long-term use of benzodiazepines to treat anxiety or sleep disorders has not been shown to be therapeutically useful for most patients.
  14. Frequent use of benzodiazepines can lead to ______.

    A. withdrawal
    B. dependence
    C. tolerance
    D. All of the above
  15. Benzodiazepines are relatively safe when used for ______.

    A. short periods of time
    B. long periods of time
    C. any duration of time
    D. None of the above
  16. Barbituric acid was synthesized in 1864 by ______.

    A. A. Bayer
    B. W. Excedrin
    C. J. Salk
    D. I. Westermann
  17. Which of the following usually causes death resulting from a barbiturate overdose?

    A. respiratory or cardiovascular depression
    B. seizures
    C. hemorrhaging
    D. heart attack or stroke
  18. Barbiturates are ______ valium-like benzodiazepines.

    A. safer than
    B. as safe as
    C. more dangerous than
    D. None of the above
  19. Short-acting barbiturates, such as secobarbital, are usually classified in which of the following Schedules?

    A. I
    B. II
    C. III
    D. IV
  20. ______, an ultrashort acting barbiturate, is often used as anesthesia for minor surgery.

    A. Amytal
    B. Luminal
    C. Pentothal
    D. Butisol
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Chapter 6
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