Literary Terms

  1. Loose Sentence
    • *main idea (independent clause) comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses
    • *if period placed at the end of the independent clause, the clause would be a complete sentence
    • *a work containing many loose sentences often seems informal, relaxed and conversational
  2. Juxtaposition
    *placing dissimilar items, descriptions, or ideas close together or side by side especially for comparison or contrast
  3. irony/ironic
    • *contrast between what is states explicitly and what is really meant
    • *difference between what appears to be and what is actually true
    • *used to create poignancy or humor
    • *verbal: words literally state the opposite of the writer's/speaker's true meaning
    • *situational: events tuen out the opposite of what was expected; what the characters and the readers think is supposed to happen does not actually happen
    • *dramatic: facts or events are unknown to a character in a play or piece of fiction but known to the reader, audience, or other characters in the work
  4. Invective
    *emotionally violent verbal denunciation or attack using strong abusive language
  5. Inference/infer
    • *to draw a reasonable conclusion for the info presented.
    • *most direct, most reasonable inference is the safest answer choice
    • *if implausible its unlikely to be the correct answer
    • *if answer choice is directly stated it not inferred and is wrong
  6. Imagery
    • *sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions
    • *uses terms related to the five senses
    • *one image can represent more then one thing
    • *author may use complex imagery while at the same time employing other figures of speech, especially metaphor and simile
    • *can apply to the total of all the images in a work
  7. Homily
    • *"sermon"
    • *any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice
  8. Genre
    • *major category into which a literary work fits
    • *basic divisions of literature: prose, poetry and drama
    • *genres can be divided into genres
    • *autobiography, biography, diaries, criticism, and essays
    • *journalistic, political, scientific, and nature writing
  9. Generic Conventions
    • *describes traditions for each genre
    • *help to define each genre
    • *differentiate between an essay and journalistic writing or an autobiography and political writing
  10. Figure of Speech
    • *used to produce figurative language
    • *many compare dissimilar things
    • *include apostraphe, hyperbole, irony, metaphor, metonymy, oxymoron, paradox, personification, simile, synecdoche, and understatement.
Card Set
Literary Terms