closed chest injury
injury where skin is not broken
2 or more ribs are fractured in 2 or more places, and fracture of the sternum so that the chest wall is detached from the thoracic cage
one way valve that allows aire to leave the chest cavity but not return.
spitting or coughing up blood
collection of blood in pleural space
bruise of the heart muscle
open chest injury
injury to chest, which the chest wall is penetrated
detached chest, movement of chest wall during breathing is opposite than it should be.
compression of the heart due to blood or fluid in pericardial sac
fibrous sac that surrounds the heart
accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity
bruise of the lung
occurs when a weak area on the lung ruptures in major injury, allowing air to leak into the pleural space
sucking chest wound
open/penetrating wound through which air passes during inspiration and expiration.
accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity that increases pressure in the chest w fatal results.