physical therapy

  1. Disability
    Inability to perform a task in a particular context or environment.
  2. Reconstruction Aides
    Aide (exclusively a woman) responsible for providing physical reconstruction to persons injured in war; forerunners of the profession and practice of physical therapy in the U.S.
  3. DPT
    Professional (entry level) degree in physical therapy at the clinical doctorate level
  4. APTA
    National organization that represents and promotes the profession of physical therapy
  5. Plan of Care
    Goals, interventions (including duration and frequency), desired outcomes, and criteria for discharge
  6. SOAP
    Documentation format taken from the problem-oriented medical record system; its components are (1) subjective (what the patient/family member describes), (2) objective (what the physical therapist observes/measures), (3) assessment (clinical judgment based on evaluation; includes goals), and (4) plan of care
  7. Intervention
    procedure conducted with the patient/client to achieve the desired outcomes
  8. Direct Access
    availability of the physical therapist to anyone seeking physical therapy services without stipulation of a referral by another health care provider
  9. Patient/Client Management
    the model on which physical therapists base management of the patient or client throughout the episode of care, including the following elements: examination, evaluation and reexamination, diagnosis, prognosis, and intervention leading to the outcome.
  10. Disablement
    conceptual approach to health care based on the functional abilities of the patient/client that result from a medical condition. As applied to physical therapy, includes impairment, functional limitation, and disability
  11. Altruism
    the principle or practice of unselfish concern for or devotion to the welfare of others
  12. Physiatrist
    title given to physicians who specialize in physical medicine
  13. Evaluation
    judgment based on an examination
  14. Prognosis
    prediction of the level of improvement and time necessary to reach that level
  15. Range of Motion
    movement at a joint
  16. Gait Training
    refers to helping a patient relearn to walk safely and efficiently
  17. Affective
    the domain of learning that deals with attitudes, values, and character development and that influences all other professional attitudes
  18. Problem Solving
    demonstrates your ability to recognize and define problems, analyze data, develop and implement solutions, and evaluate outcomes
  19. Critical Thinking
    demonstrates your ability to question logically, to generate and evaluate elements of an argument, to distinguish facts from assumptions, and to distinguish the relevant for the irrelevant
  20. Rapport
    cultural, verbal, and behavioral communication that is characterized by mutual collaboration and respect but does not necessarily indicate agreement
  21. Cultural Competence
    having the set of behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a health care system, agency, or individual practitioner to function effectively in cross-cultural interactions
  22. Traditionalists
    patriotic, loyal, fiscally conservative, faith in institutions
  23. Millennials
    globally concerned, integrated, cyber literate, media savvy, realistic, environmentally conscious
  24. CI
    clinical instructor
  25. Self-Assessment
    ability to critically examine and evaluate one’s own cognitive, affective, and psychomotor behaviors in the professional setting
  26. Code of Ethics
    principles set forth for the physical therapy profession by the APTA for maintaining and promoting ethical practice
  27. Negligence
    failure to do something that a reasonably prudent person would do or behavior that would normally not be done under similar circumstances
  28. Medicaid
    reimbursement system established at the state level to provide health care for those with limited financial means
  29. Medicare
    reimbursement system established at the federal level for individuals over 65 years of age
  30. Evidence-Based Practice
    interventions used in physical therapy based on research demonstrates reliability and validity
  31. Malpractice
    failure to do (or avoid doing) something that a reasonably prudent member of the profession would have done (or would not have done), with subsequent injury to a patient/client.
  32. Risk Management
    process by which coordinated efforts are made by an organization to identify, assess, and minimize the risk of harm and loss to the organization, employees, and clients
  33. Practice Act
    states official statement of definition and regulation of a profession
  34. Managed Care
    arrangement in which an insurance company contracts with health care providers to provide health care to the consumers who subscribe to the insurance plan
  35. Reimbursement
    the process of payment for the provision of health care services. Typically health care providers are reimbursed by third party payers who insure patients
  36. Ambulatory Center
    any facility in which health care is provided on an outpatient basis.
  37. CAPTE
    accrediting body of APTA responsible for evaluating PT and PTA education programs
  38. Guide to Physical Therapist Practice
    book developed by APTA to help PTs analyze patient/client management and describe scope of practice
  39. Vision 2020
    a statement adopted by the APTA House of Delegate in 2000 that establishes expectations for the practice of physical therapy
  40. CEU
    Continuing education unit awarded for educational seminars taken to maintain a state license.
  41. Dysfunction
    functional disability related to disease or injury.
  42. Goniometer
    instrument used to measure joint range of motion
  43. Manual Muscle Test
    test allowing the therapist to assign a specific grade to the muscle action
  44. Thermal Agents
    device used to modify temperature and change blood flow of tissue
  45. Overuse
    injury due to repeated stress to the musculoskeletal system with resultant pain, inflammation and dysfunction.
  46. Traumatic
    injury to musculoskeletal system from direct blow or when placed under excessive stretch.
  47. History
    qualitative measurement based on the patient’s perception of the problem and included in the S of the SOAP note.
  48. Observation
    looking phase of the patient examination.
  49. Strength
    amount of force produced during a voluntary muscular contraction.
  50. Palpation
    therapist uses sense of touch to assess what is occurring below the skin and what musculoskeletal structures are involved in an injury.
  51. Proprioception
    term used to describe one’s awareness of position and movement.
  52. Arthritis
    inflammation of a joint
  53. Strength
    amount of force produced during voluntary muscle contraction
  54. TBI
    traumatic brain injury
  55. Stroke
    neurological problem arising from disruption of blood flow in the brain
  56. Paraplegia
    spinal cord damage and consequent loss affecting the lower trunk and legs
  57. MS
    Multiple sclerosis is a disease in which patches of demyelination in the nervous system lead to disturbances in conduction of messages along the nerves.
  58. Idiopathic
    cause unknown
  59. MRI
    creation of computer images by placing the body part in a magnetic field
  60. Cognition
    functions such as orientation, attentiveness, long and short-term memory, reasoning, and judgment.
  61. Motor Control
    ability to perform voluntary, isolated activity of a specific muscle and movements that are linked together involuntarily.
  62. Contracture
    inability of a joint to move due to muscle loss of contractility
  63. Geriatrics
    population over the age of 65
  64. Assistive
    type of device that provides assistance during mobility
  65. ADL
    daily activities that meet basic needs
  66. Well Elderly
    people over 65 who do not experience limitations which affect function
  67. Osteoporosis
    condition of demineralization of the bones
  68. Neurology
    study of the nerves and related conditions
  69. Skilled Nursing Facility
    facility providing care to individuals needing specific rehabilitation and nursing care for extended periods of time
  70. Adaptive
    type of equipment that allows an individual to perform a functional task with increased ease of independence.
  71. Diabetes
    disease of insufficient insulin action.
Card Set
physical therapy
Physical therepy terms