1. Pennate Muscles
    • – (Shorter muscles that run oblique to their tendons)
    • Unipennate – (Tibialis Posterior)
    • Bipennnate – (Lumbricals)
    • Multipennate – (Deltoid
  2. Parallel Muscle
    • long fibers that run parallel to the length of the muscle.
    • Flat – (frontalis page 258)
    • Fusiform (brachialis . pg 132)
    • Sphincter (orbicularis oculi – page 326
    • Triangular (Trapezius pg 68)
  3. Aponeuroses
    string sheet of fibrous connective tissue attaches muscle to bone or as fascia to bind muscles together
  4. Atlas
    1st cervical vertebrate
  5. Axis
    2nd cervical vertebrate
  6. Fossa
    A shallow depression
  7. Process
    A Natural growth that projects from a bone or another part
  8. Nucal
    nape of neck
  9. Foramen
    Opening, hole
  10. Tubercle
    Nodule. Small eminence - on bone
  11. Tuberosity
    an elevation of protuberance, especially of a bone
  12. Facet
    smooth surfaced process of articulation (joint)
  13. Lamina
    any thin layer of membrane may be part of a structure as the luminae of the vertebral archLymph nodes – collect lymphatic fluid – filters toxins
  14. Apidpose tissue
    Fatty tissue
  15. Bursae
    small, fluid filled sac that reduces friction between two structures, ex knee of shoulder
  16. Vein
    carries blood and CO2 to the heart
  17. Artery
    carries blood and O2 to the body (Away from the heart)
  18. Retinaculum
    transverse thickening of deep fascia. Straps tendons down to hold in place. Ex top of the feet at ankle
  19. Fascia
    dense connective tissue
  20. Superficial fascia
    just below the skin, covers the entire body
  21. Deep fascia
    covers all muscles and bones
  22. Ligament
    attach bone to bone at joints
  23. Tendon
    Connects muscle to bone
  24. Rotation
    head and vertebral column turns right or left on axial skeleton
  25. Circumduction
    should and hip joints – combo of flexion, abduction, adduction, and extension
  26. Lateral flexion
    lateral sided to side. Flexion bends a joint, ex. Head side to side
  27. Supination
    pivoting action of forearm - palms up (Carry the soup)
  28. Pronation
    pivoting action of forearm - palms down (Spill the soup)
  29. Opposition
    only applies to thumb and little finger meeting across the plain.
  30. Inversion
    combo of movements of the feet (turn in) elevates foot’s medial side and brings sole inward.
  31. Eversion
    combo of movements of the feet (turn out) elevates foot’s Lateral side
  32. Extension
    straightens of opens a joint
  33. Flexion
    bends a joint or brings bones closer together
  34. Adduction
    brings limb closer to the body
  35. Abduction
    moves limb away from the body
  36. Medial rotation
    rotating toward the body (occurs at the should and hip joints)
  37. Lateral rotation
    rotating away from the body (occurs at the should and hip joints)
  38. Lateral
    Towards the outside of the body
  39. Distal
    Away from the trunk of the body
  40. Proximal
    closer to the trunk of the body
  41. Superficial
    closer to the body surface
  42. Deep
    deep in the body
  43. Superior
    Towards the head
  44. Inferior
    Toward the feet
  45. Cranial
    closer to the head (When talking about the trunk of the body)
  46. Caudial
    closer to the buttocks (When talking about the trunk of the body)
  47. Posterior
    toward the back of the body
  48. Anterior
    toward the front of the body
  49. Sagital plane
    left and right halves of the body
  50. Frontal or coronal plane
    front and back portions of the body
  51. Transverse plane
    top and bottom portions of the body
  52. Elevation
    movement of the scapula and jaw. Moves toward the head
  53. Depression
    moves toward the feet
  54. Deviation
    not in the usual course, talking or chewing
  55. Joint or articulation
    point of contraction between bones
  56. Synovial joints
    have the most movement
  57. Ball and socket joint
    should moves in every plane
  58. Ellipsoid joint
    wrist, flexion, extension, abduction, adduction (Oval shaped bone fits in the elliptical basin)
  59. Hinge
    Elbow or knee like the hinge of a door
  60. Plantar flexion
    movement of the ankle, point the foot. Step on gas
  61. Dorsiflexion
    point foot upward
  62. Protraction
    scapula, clavicle, jaw, and head – protrude, moves towards the front of the body
  63. Retraction
    retract. Move towards the back of the body
  64. Antagonist
    struggle one who contends with or has the opposite of the other. Has the opposite action of the other.
  65. Agonist
    (Prime mover) a muscle or group of muscles that carry out the action
  66. Synergist
    (Works with, or assist) the muscle that supports the agonist or prime mover that carries out an action.
  67. Skeletal Muscle
    • voluntary contractile (contracts) tissue that moves the skeleton.
    • 1) muscle cells (fibers)
    • 2) layers of connective tissue (fascia)
    • 3) nerves and blood vessels
  68. Endomysium
    surrounding individual muscle fibers
  69. Perimysium
    enveloping each fascicle (bundle of fibers)
  70. Epimysium
    (deep fascia) Wrapping around muscle belly
  71. Odontoid process
    a tooth like projection that rises perpendicularly from the upper surface of the body of the second cervical vert axis, serves as the pivotal point for the rotation of the atlas and allows the head to turn
  72. Ligament nuchae
    the fibrous membrane that reaches from the external occipital protuberance and media nuchal line to the spinous process of the 7th vertebrate. A fibrous lamina from the ligament attaches to the posterior tubrical of the atlas and spinous process of the cert forming a septum (wall) below muscles on either side of the neck
  73. saddle joint
    is a modified ellispoid joint between the trapezium and the first matacarpal bones
Card Set
Study terms for kinesiology class quiz 1