American Revolution Vocabulary

  1. First Continental Congress 1774
    This is a meeting of delegates from all the colonies except Georgia. The congress came up with five major decisions, one of which was ceasing trade with Great Britain
  2. Patrick Henry
    He was a radical leader of the Revolution; he represented Virginia in the First Continental Congress. Henry favored strong state governments and weak federal government.
  3. John Adams
    He was one of the leaders of the revolution; he was constantly active in the meeting of the Continental Congress and nominated Washington to be commander-in-chief. He was a strong supporter of Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence
  4. John Jay
    He did not fully support of American Independence, but despite this he fully supported the new nation; absent in the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
  5. Joseph Galloway
    He was a prominent loyalist that proposed a plan for colonial union under British authority in the First Continental Congress; he was a delegate from Pennsylvania.
  6. Suffolk Resolves
    These were passed in the First Continental Congress in response to the Intolerable Acts in Massachusetts; it recommended colonists to prepare for an attack in Boston by British troops.
  7. Economic Sanctions
    This is a halt on trade with a certain country (Great Britain) for political reasons.
  8. Declaration of Rights & Grievances
    This is a declaration of the colonies rights and the grievances the colonies suffered that was adopted in the First Continental Congress.
  9. Paul Revere
    He was a patriot that warned the towns of Lexington and Concord of British advancement.
  10. William Dawes
    He is another patriot that also rode with Paul Revere warning Lexington and Concord about the British advancement.
  11. Minutemen
    This is a small elite group of men that were able to assemble together in force in a minute’s notice.
  12. Lexington
    This is a town in which British troops were ambushed by minutemen; it is where the War began.Concord- This is another town in which the British were ambushed by minutemen; this and Lexington were the beginning of the Revolutionary War.
  13. Battle of Bunker Hill
    This is a battle near Boston in which the British suffered great losses; after this battle the siege on Boston tightened. The battle was actually fought on Breed Hill.
  14. Olive Branch Petition
    This was the last conciliatory document that was approved by the Second Continental Congress and sent to Britain.
  15. Second Continental Congress 1775
    This is another meeting of colonial delegates; in the meeting the approved the Olive Branch Petition and made a Continental army in control of Washington.
  16. Patriots
    The supporters of American Independence.
  17. Prohibitory Act 1775
    This is an act passed by Parliament that closed the colonies to overseas trade and made no concessions to the demands of the colonies.
  18. Thomas Paine
    He is the author of Common Sense and a strong advocate for Colonial Independence.
  19. Declaration of Independence
    This document formally created the United States. It was written by Jefferson and signed on July 4th.
  20. Loyalists (Tories)
    These are the people who remained loyal to the crown.
  21. Thomas Jefferson
    He was the writer of the Declaration of Independence and a supporter of strong state governments.
  22. Trenton 1776
    This is a battle in which Washington battled Hessians (German Mercenaries) on Christmas night.
  23. Saratoga 1777
    This is a battle in which the British troops were defeated by the American forces that were commanded by Benedict Arnold and Horatio Gates.
  24. Valley Forge
    The area chosen to house the Continental Army during the winter of 1777, during the winter about 2,000 men died of disease and Where von Stuben trained the men. In the end the army was stronger than they were before the winter.
  25. Continentals
    I think this is a reference made to the Americans during and after the war.
  26. Horatio Gates
    He is one of the leaders of the American troops; he was a Major General.
  27. Benedict Arnold
    A military officer of the Continental Army who was put in charge of Philadelphia in 1778 after being badly wounded. He later betrayed the colonies by offering to aid the British for a fee. He thought his accomplishments were overlooked.
  28. Gen. John Burgoyne
    He was a military commander for the British forces. He was the British commander at Saratoga.
  29. George Rogers Clark
    He was another general during the American Revolution; he focused on the old Northwest where British and natives were working together.
  30. Battle of Yorktown
    This is the last major battle of the revolutionary war where the American forces under George Washington and French forces defeated the British under Cornwallis’ command.
  31. Republic
    This is a type of representative government (democracy) where the people choose their own representatives.
  32. Treaty of Paris 1783
    This is the treaty that ended the Revolutionary War; it gave the United States all of the lands Great Britain had except for Canada.
  33. Articles of Confederation
    This is the first form of a constitution in the U.S. that gave strong powers to the state government but made a weak federal government.
  34. Unicameral Legislature
    This is a form of government in which legislature powers are held by one body, not two like the U.S. (Congress and House of Representatives).
  35. Land Ordinance of 1785
    This set forth on how the United States would reorganize and divide the lands given to them from the British after the Revolutionary War.
  36. Northwest Ordinance of 1787
    This was a declaration to the world that the lands in the northwest of the U.S. like Ohio would be settled and become part of the U.S.
  37. Shay’s Rebellion
    The first rebellion of the new republic where Shay headed an army of 1,00 who were angry at many injustices such as high taxation and farm foreclosures.
  38. Molly Pitcher
    The spouse of a soldier (John Casper Hays) who aided the soldiers in many battles by bringing them water and manning cannon. She was complimented by George Washington on her actions.
  39. Deborah Sampson
    She was a woman who dressed up as a man in order to serve in the military during the Revolutionary War. She was discharged when her gender was discovered but was later awarded from her services.
  40. Abigail Adams
    The wife of John Adams, she was a strong supporter of Women’s rights as seen through her letters to her husband.
Card Set
American Revolution Vocabulary
Vocabulary Words