Unit 3:Executive Branch

  1. 3 constitutional qualifications for presidency.
    • 1. 35+ years old
    • 2. native born
    • 3. resident for 14 years
  2. Implied qualificaations for presidency.
    • 1. wealthy. well-known
    • 2. political / military experience
    • 3. religion (Protestant)
    • 4. college educated
    • 5. family man
    • 6. electable, relatable
    • 7. charismaatic speaker
    • 8. white man
  3. What system is used to elect president?
    Electoral College system
  4. ___votes needed out of ___
    270/ 538
  5. Define primary election.
    people go to polls to vote for candidate of their chioce
  6. Define caucus.
    people come together at a meeting place to discuss candidates and then choose who they will support in the upcoming election
  7. Political Spectrum.
    • Left=liberal(believes that gov. must take action to change what is unfair)
    • Middle=moderate
    • Right=conservative(seeks to conserve the society as it is today)
  8. List the 6 functions of Political Parties.
    • 1. recruiting/nominating candidates(choosing them , presenting them to voters, and helping them win)
    • 2. educating the public(inspire and activate interest of people to their own advantage)
    • 3. operating the government(provide channels thru which legislative and executive branches can work together)
    • 4. dispensing patronage(giving jobs to friends and supporters)
    • 5. Acting as "loyal opposition"(opposed to party in power but loyal to people and nation)
    • 6. reduction of conflict
  9. List the 7 propaganda techniques.
    • 1. glittering generalities(make themselves appear better "fair" "just")
    • 2. symbols
    • 3. testimonials(supporting statements from celebrities or athletes)
    • 4. bandwagon(urge people to follow the crowd)
    • 5. plain folks approach- propagandist pretends to be one of the common people
    • 6.
    • 7.
  10. What is an executive order?
    An order passed by the president, that has the weight of a law, but does not need congressional approval
  11. List the 7 roles of the president.
    • 1. Head of State( no real business, symbol of america, ceremonial roles)
    • 2. Chief Executive(enforces laws, executive orders, in charge of employees)
    • 3. Chief Legislator(approve/veto bills, solving key problems facing the country, annual message to Congress)
    • 4. Economic Planner(annual economic report to Congress, budget recommendations)
    • 5. Party Leader(helps plan future strategies for election, provides leadership for political party)
    • 6. Chief Diplomat(Talking to leaders from other countries)
    • 7. Commander in Chief(commander of armed forces of US, key military decisions, power to make war shared w/Congress)
  12. List the 15 executive departments and provide an example of each.
    • 1. state-advises president, negotiates agreements, represents US(foreign service)
    • 2. treasury-makes/ borrows$, collects taxes, manages public debt(US mint)
    • 3. defense-protect nations security, deter war(army,navy, air force)
    • 4. justice-enforces laws, operates prison, prosecution, legal advice,represents US in court(FBI)
    • 5. interior-helps native americans, manages parks, refugees,& land , operates hydroelectric power plants(national park service)
    • 6. agriculture-manages national forests,inspects food, helps farmers/ranchers, food stamps, school lunch(forest service)
    • 7. Commerce-census, patents, trademarks, trade, economic growth, tech. development(bureau of census)
    • 8. Labor-enforces laws on min. wage, max. hours, compensation, insurance, job training(Bureau of labor statistics)
    • 9.Health&Human Services-medicare, medicaid, funds health care research, enforces food and drug laws(FDA)
    • 10.Housing&Urban Development-home financing, public housing, enforces fair housing laws(office of housing)
    • 11. Transportation- prgrams to promote&regulate highways, mass transit, railroad, waterways, air travel, oil&gas pipelines(Federal highway administration)
    • 12. Energy-production of renewable energy&fossil fuels&nuclear energy, transmit/sell heydroelectric power, nuclear weapon research(office of energy effieciency and renewable energy)
    • 13. Education-federal aid to schools, educational research(office of elementary and secondary education)
    • 14. Veterans affairs-benefits,pensions,&medical programs for veterans of army, military cemeteries(Veterans Health Administration)
    • 15. Homeland Security-border&transporation security, chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear defense, emergency preparedness&response(Coast Guard)
  13. State Executive Department.
    • -grant pardons&reprieves
    • -administer programs
    • -appoints state jugdes
    • -proposes new laws
    • -enforces laws
    • -
    • -
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Unit 3:Executive Branch
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