what is the difference between disinfectant and antiseptic
- disinfectant: eliminate organisms or inanimate objects
- antiseptic: prevent the growth of some microorganisms on living tissue
where are nonpathogenic microorganisms usually found
skin, gastrointestinal tract, Respiratory tract, and the giniturinary tract
several symptoms of an infection
disease caused by DIPLOCOCCI
disease caused by STREPTOCOCCI
rheumatoid heart disease, scarlet fever, strep throat
disease caused by STAPHYLOCOCCI
Bails, pimples, acne,
disease caused by BACILLI
tuberculosis, tenanus, Diptheria, gas gangrene, pertusis
disease caused by SPIRILLA
- 1 curve: cholera
- spirochetes: syphilis
what is the difference between communicable period and incubation time
- communicable: time that a disease can be transferred from 1 person to another
- incubation: time between exposure and symptoms
7 ways your body protects itself against infection
- 1. coughing
- 2. cilia
- 3. tears/sweat
- 4. acid environments [Urinary tract, Vagina]
- 5. Hydrochloric acid in the stomach
- 7. any/all immune response/ antibiotics
8 ways to prevent potential contact with any infectious materials
- change gloves after every pt
- wash hands
- sheilds [face, eyes, gloves]
- use sharps container right
- know you office exposure control pain
what does OSHA stand for
Occupational safety and Health Administration
who established OSHA, and what is it's purpose?
- Who: federal Government
- Purpose: set & enforce standard universal precautions
Hinged items or instruments should be in the ______ position of the autoclave
Items are wrapped before placing them in the autoclave to avoid what?
contamination after sterilization
3 roles that an MA might have or play in infection control
- 1. follow guidelines for maintaining a safe & clean environment
- 2. cleaniliness
- 3. routine office inspections for cleanliness & maintenance
what is the usual temp. to sterilize in the autoclave
what are sterilization indicators
strips that verify sterility
list the steps of infection cycle
- 1. reservoir host
- 2. means of exit
- 3. means of transmission
- 4. means of entry
- 5. susceptible host
what do you use the Allis Tissue forceps for
- tissue= teeth
- to grow tissue for secure control
what do you use the Kelly Hemostat for?
to grasp tissue to hold, clamp, or pull away
what is the smalles suture material size
how far above the knot would you cut a suture once the wound has been closed
1/8 - 1/4 " above the knot
which kind of nedle is one in which the needle and the suture materials are combined in one length
state of being free from all pathogenice microorganisms
is the air above the sterile field also considered sterile?
when performing a surgical scrub, it is important that the water temp. be ____, because if the temp. is too ___ it may cause te skin to ___ and provide and area in which ___ can grow.
an outpatient surgery generally lasts less than how long?
what is a mayo stand
small portable tray used to hold surgical instruments during a procedure
what kind of surgery is done using freezing temps.?
what destroys microorganisms with the use of flames
____ wold be used to create surgical asepsis
what is the smallest living organism
what would droplets of microorganisms be an example of
what does CDC do
tracks communicable Dx. and sets guidelines to prevent the spread of Dx.
whay is the guidlenine for the ration for bleach solution that you would use to clean up blood or bodily fluids?
what is the 1st and best way to prevent the spread of Dx.?
when removing sutures, you should ___ the suture with ____ toward the _____ ______
when using sterile gloves, you should always grasp with which hand first
when preparing skin for minor surgery, describe what is the best way to go about hair removal
clip hair then shave