Education Exam 2

  1. Define “gifted and talented students”
  2. -“Students, children, or youth who give evidence of high achievement capability in areas such as intellectual, creative, artistic, or leadership capacity, or in specific academic fields, and who need services and activities not ordinarily provided by the school in order to fully develop those capabilities.”
  3. Name the five areas that we consider when thinking “gifted and talented.”
    Intellectual, creative, artistic, leadership, specific academic fields
  4. How many gifted children are in the US today?
    3 million
  5. Name the five levels of giftedness and the corresponding IQ range.
    Mildly Gifted, Moderately Gifted, Highly Gifted, Exceptionally Gifted, and Profoundly Gifted
  6. Name and explain 3 curriculum modifying strategies for the regular classroom that would benefit gifted and talented learners.
    Lesson modifications, assignment modifications, scheduling modifications
  7. Name 6 research-based methods that give evidence of success for gifted and talented learners.
    Acceleration, group students with similar abilities and/or performance together, curriculum compacting, advanced placement, pull-out programs, teacher training.
  8. Whose work with multiple intelligences has had a profound impact on thinking and practice in education.
    Howard Gardner
  9. List and define the nine multiple intelligences as purported by Howard Gardner
    1. Linguistic 2. Logical/Mathematical 3. Visual/Spatial 4. Musical 5. Bodily/Kinesthetic 6. Intrapersonal 7. Interpersonal 8. Naturalistic 9. Existential
  10. What are the three laws that guide our practice of working with disabled students?
    IDEA Individuals with disabilities education act; NCLB – No child left behind
  11. Identify four “Least Restrictive Environments” that we find in today’s schools
    PPCD; life skills programs; resource pull-out classrooms; inclusion
  12. List the 14 categories of disability under IDEA
  13. - 1. Autism 2. Deaf-Blindness 3. Deafness 4. Developmental Delay (1-3) 5. Orthopedic Impairment 6. Other Health Impairment 7. Specific Learning Disabilities 8. Visual Impairment Blindness 9. Speech or Language Impairment 10. Traumatic Brain Injury 11. Multiple Disabilities 12. Mental Retardation 13. Hearing Impairment 14. Emotional Disturbances
  14. Define “Response to Intervention.”
    A multi-tier approach to the early identification and support of students with learning and behavior needs.
  15. Be able to identify these Acronyms related to Special Education:
  16. LRE –Least Restrictive Environment
    • IEP – Individualized Education Plan
    • IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
    • FAPE – Free Appropriate Public Education
    • PPCD – Preschool Programs for Children with Disabilities
    • RTI – Response To Intervention
  17. What is brain compatible learning?
    comprehensive approach to learning based on how the brain works best?
  18. Who are the designers of the 12 principles of natural learning or Brain Compatible Learning?
    The Caines
  19. Define “each brain is unique.”
    we should only compare one student to himself/herself at a later time
  20. Name a practical implication of “each brain is unique.”
    learning environments must be designed so that they treat everyone equally
  21. Define “impact of high stress or threat.”
    we ought to be very careful to insure keeping high stress and threat out of the learning environment
  22. Name a practical implication of “impact of high stress or threat.”
    establish good relationships within the classroom/learning environment
  23. Define “developmental stages of readiness.”
    reorganize when we do things to maximize the brain’s capacity to learn them.
  24. Name an implication for “learning is developmental.”
    projects, materials and processes should be scaffolded so that they are appropriate for the developmental stages of students
  25. What are two approaches to memory?
    Rote memory, and the system that naturally registers, makes sense of and stores ongoing experiences
  26. Name an implication for “two approaches to memory.”
    Only use memorization techniques, such as creative practice and rehearsal, occasionally and as needed.
  27. Define “learning involves both conscious and unconscious processes.”
    This principle makes the case for less direct instruction, more orchestrated learning and time for incubation.
  28. What is an implication for using “learning involves both conscious and unconscious processes.”
    Create situations in which students have opportunities to reflect on and learn from the consequences of their actions
  29. Define “the brain/mind processes parts and whole simultaneously.”
    The brain is structured hierarchically. Each lower level item is always integrated into a higher level whole item.
  30. Describe a practical implication of “the brain/mind processes parts and whole simultaneously.”
    Offer students opportunities to work with “natural” wholes in which standards are embedded.
  31. Define “emotions essential to learning.”
    This principal suggests we ought to purposely engage learners with circumstances, projects and ideas in ways which elicit productive emotions.
  32. Name a practical implication of “emotions essential to learning.”
    Help students discover love for content, so that they can get beyond fun to passion.
  33. Define “patterns drive understanding.”
    to engage learning with a big picture perspective.
  34. What is a practical implication of “patterns drive understanding.”
    Use projects and problems that naturally organize information and experience in ways that make sense.
  35. Define “The search for meaning is innate.”
    there is a hunger for meaningfulness and purpose
  36. Give an example of a practical implication for “the search for meaning is innate.”
    Find ways to access student interests, purposes, and passion.
  37. Define “the social brain.”
    Intelligence is valued in the context of the society we live in. The brain develops better in concert
  38. Give a practical implication of “the social brain.”
    It is important for students to have opportunities to sit with, talk to and work with each other
  39. Define “learning involves both focused attention and peripheral perception.”
    Focused Attention is what is learned that comes from paying full attention and being emotionally engaged. Peripheral Perception is a matter of learning by picking things up indirectly from the context.
  40. Give a practical implication of “learning involves both focused attention and peripheral perception.
    Find ways to help learners stay emotionally engaged
  41. Define “all learning is physiological.”
    new learning is literally structured in the physiology, the study of how living organisms function.
  42. What are the five categories of developmental characteristics of the middle school adolescent?
    Physical, intellectual, emotional/psychological, moral/ethical and social.
  43. Name one developmental characteristic from each category.
  44. 1. Physical- bodily changes
    • 1.intellectual- highly curious
    • 1.emotional/psychological- need to be apart of a group
    • 1.moral/ethical- possess a strong sense of fairness
    • experiment with slang
  45. Name one implication for schools for each of the developmental characteristics.
  46. 1. physical- food and water during the school day
    • 1.intellectual- plan curriculum around real world concepts
    • 1.emotional/psychological- know what’s going on in the kids lives
    • 1.moral/ethical- need to foster higher order thinking skills
    • provide opportunity for peer interaction
  47. What is “This We Believe, Successful Schools for Young Adolescents?”
  48. A position paper from the National Middle School Association, which states the association’s vision for a successful school for 10-15 year olds. It has 16 characteristics of a successful middle school.
  49. Name the five components of an exemplary middle school. Be able to explain each.
    Interdisciplinary teaming, advisory programs, varied instruction, exploratory programs, transition programs
  50. Name the three components of “the middle school concept.”
    Reduced or eliminated departmental structure, heterogeneously grouped instruction, team teaching
  51. Name the four middle schools that we will visit
    J.P Elder, North Richland Hills Middle, Morningside Middle, Fort Worth Academy of Fine Arts Middle, The Oakwood School – Middle level
  52. Explain the meaning of “a finding place” from the article “A View from the Middle.”
    The middle school is a place where young adolescents find the following: friendship, personal fulfillment, self-actualization, academic interests, vocational interests, and recreational interests
  53. According to this article, what is the most powerful engine for exploration and discovery in middle grades schools?
    Grassroots efforts of creative, committed middle grade educators
  54. From the article “2009 Results and Recommendations from the …Highly Successful Middle Level Schools, what is the recommendation for “teaming and common planning time?”
    Interdisciplinary team organization should be implemented in middle grades and teachers should be provided at least one daily common planning period.
  55. What is the recommendation for scheduling?
    Flexible scheduling, blocks of instructional time and daily common planning times for teams of core teachers.
  56. What is the recommendation for curriculum?
    Major emphasis on the core subjects of language arts/reading, science, mathematics, social studies
  57. What is the recommendation for instructional strategies?
    Move away from whole-class instruction; emphasis on cooperative learning, inquiry learning, strategies involving young adolescents in their own learning
  58. What is the recommendation for grouping arrangements?
    Don’t track. Base grouping on diagnosed needs, interests and talents – not achievement tests.
  59. What is the recommendation about advisory programs?
    Student advisory programs should be a high priority. Should meet twice per week, curriculum for advisory programs should be carefully planned and evaluated. Professional development should be provided for advisory programs personnel.
  60. Recommendation for professional preparation and certification/licensure
    Employ teachers who have received specialized middle level professional preparation and hold middle level teacher certification/licensure.
  61. What is one of the most important findings of the study?
    Middle school concept and philosophy remain valid
Card Set
Education Exam 2
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