RA Natural & Acquired Facial

    • S-submental sulcus
    • L- labiomental sulcus
    • A- angulus oris sulcus
    • P-philtrum

    • D-dimples
    • O- oblique palpebral sulcus
    • N-nasolabial fold
    • N- nasal sulcus
    • A- angulus oris eminences
    • N- nasolabial sulcus
    • T-transverse frontal sulci
    • N-chords of the neck
    • B-bucco-facial sulci
    • I-inferior palpebral sulcus
    • O-optical facial sulci
    • M-mandibular sulci
    • P-platysmal sulci

    • L-labial sulci
    • S-superior palpebral sulci
    • I-inferior palpebral sulcus
  3. natural facial markings
    those present at birth
  4. acquired facial markings
    those which may develop with age
  5. furrow
    a linear crevice in the skin accompanied by bordering elevations; a wrinkle; they may appear as fine tracings in the skin which are barely visible
  6. groove
    an elongated depression on a surface plane of the face
  7. fold
    an elongated prominence of flesh; it abuts convexly against an adjacent surface; it is also used to describe sagging tissue between two furrows
  8. sulcus
    used to describe a furrow, wrinkle or grove it is a depression or indention a sulcus may be considered the opposite of an eminence
  9. opposite of an eminence
  10. eminence
    a prominence, projection, protusion, bump or bulge, an eminence may be described as the opposite of a sulcus
  11. the opposite of a sulcus
  12. philtrum/natural
    is the vertical grove on the central plane of the upper lip, it is very shallow, it resembles a parenthesis, the philtrum may be obscured in old age
  13. naso labial fold/ natural
    a prominence of the anterior part of the cheek; it runs from the superior margin of the nasal wing, to the side of the mouth, it usually disappears at the line of lip closure
  14. nasal sulcus/natural
    the small angular area formed by the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the naso labial fold; often, it is best seen in profile
  15. oblique palpebral sulcus/natural
    a shallow curving grove originating below the inner canthus of the eye; a darkened groove it moves oblique downward and lateral in direction
  16. angulus oris sulcus/natural
    a small triangular shaped depression immediately adjacent to the line of the lip closure; it recedes into the depth of the line of lip closure
  17. angulus oris eminence/natural
    a sm. convex prominence which begins on the upper integumentary lip; it begins medially (and superiorly) to the line of the lip closure; it moves obliquely downward and disappears; it has no definte borders; its presence is essential to proper mouth expression
  18. labiomental sulcus/natural
    it is formed by the junction of the lower lip and chin; its linear form is and arc; an acquired furrow may develop at the same location
  19. submental sulcus/ natural
    lies at the junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area; may develop into an acquired furrow
  20. dimples/natural
    shallow deprssions found in the soft tissues of the cheeks or chin; may have two forms round or vertical; dimples on the cheeks are only visible when smiling
  21. nasolabial suclus/acquried
    a furrow which may develop along the medial margin of the nasolabial fold; it orginates from the superior margin of the nasal wing
  22. transverse frontal sulci/acquired
    the furrows across the forehead which may appear as fine tracings; they may mimic the form of the eye brows; they often vary in direction and spacing; the medial curvature may dip or arc
  23. intercillary sulci/acquired
    vertical or horizontal markings between the eyebrows; transverse intercillary culci often indicate concentration; verticle intercillary sulci often are used to indicate frowning
  24. optical facial sulci/acquried
    crow's feet, they radiate form the lateral end of the eye; they may appear straight or curved
  25. superior palpebral sulcus/acquired
    the furrow of the upper attached margin of the (closed) upper eye lid; it may be continuous or only partially present
  26. inferior palpebral sulcus/acquired
    the furrow of the lower attached border of the (open or closed) lower eye lid; it will be shorter than the superior palpebral sulcus
  27. chords of the neck/acquired
    may be single and convex (turkey wattle); or in pairs with a concavity in the middle (associated with the digastricus muscle) the folds of the skin are always vertical in direction; they may appear as vertical convex ridges; found only on older persons
  28. bucco-facial sulci/acquired
    this is a vertical and slightly curved furrow in the soft tissues of the cheeks; it usually originates above the line of lip closure and may extend slightly below the line of lip closure
  29. mandibular sulci/acquired
    this acquired feature originates below the jaw line and extends upward on each cheek; they are lateral to the nasolabial fold
  30. platysmal sulci/acquired
    a double chin; the greatly dipping furrows of the neck; they appear across the neck and often extend upward; they may vary in length
  31. labial sulci/acquired
    fine vertical furrows which cross the mucous membrane and are part of the integumentary lip; furrows of age
Card Set
RA Natural & Acquired Facial
RA Natural & Acquired Facial