Ch. 5 Grammar

  1. Define Passive Voice:
    Active voice is where the subject performs the action (John loves Mary). In passive voice, the subject of the verb receives the action of the verb: John is loved by Mary.
  2. Present Indicative Passive:
    ομαι, ῃ, εται, ομεθα, εσθε, ονται

    I am being educated, I am educated (habitually)
  3. Imperfect Indicative Passive:
    ομην, ου, ετο, ομεθα, εσθε, οντο

    I was being educated, I used to be educated
  4. Present Subjunctive Passive:
    ωμαι, ῃ, ηται, ωμεθα, ησθε, ωνται
  5. Present Optative Passive:
    οιμην, οιο, οιτο, οιμεθα, οισθε, οιντο
  6. Present Infinitive Passive:

    - to be being educated, to be educated
  7. Aorist Indicative Passive:
    • 6 pp ην, ης, η, ημεν, ητε, ησαν
    • - I was educated, you were educated
  8. Aorist Subjunctive Passive:
    ῶ, ῃ~ς, ῃ~, ῳμεν, ῃτε, ῳσι(ν)
  9. Aorist Optative Passive:
    ειην, ειης, ειη, εῖμεν-ειημεν, εῖτε - είητε, εῖεν - είησαν
  10. Aorist Infinitive Passive:
    • ῆναι
    • - to be educated
  11. Future Indicative Passive:
    • * Unaugmented aorist passive tense stem + ησ
    • ομαι, ει -ῃ, εται, όμεθα, εσθε, ονται
    • - I shall be educated, I shall be being educated
  12. Perfect Indicative Passive:
    • 5 pp + μαι, σαι, ται, μεθα, σθε, νται
    • - I have been educated, you have been educated
  13. Pluperfect Indicative Passive:
    • μην, σο, το, μεθα, σθε, ντο
    • - i had been educated, you had been educated
  14. Perfect Infinitive Passive:
    • σθαι
    • - to have been educated
  15. What is a consonant stem:
    When the perfect passive tense stem ends in a vowel or a diphthong, you add the endings of the perfect passive or the pluperfect passive presents no problem but when the perfect passive tense stem ends in a consonant, adding the endings produced awkward clusters of consonants at the juncture between stem and ending.
  16. What is genitive of personal agent:
    With most passive verbs, the personal agent (the person by whom the action of the verb is performed) is expressed by the preposition upo + the genitive.
  17. Dative of person agent:
    Personal agent is expressed by the dative case without any preposition with the perfect and the pluperfect tenses.
  18. What is the dative of means or instrument?
    A thing with which something is done is put in the dative without a preposition.
  19. What is the substantive us of the adjective?
    where you take out the noun, and the adjective indicates (based on gender, number, case) "the good man" or "the good woman" by just using the adjective.
  20. Substantive use of the article is where:
    the article indicates the person(s), or thing(s) named, and it's case shows its relationship to the rest of the sentence
  21. The articular infinitive is:
    The infinitive is a verbal noun, it has tense and voice, it is accompanied by a neuter singular form of the definite article to indicate the infinitive's case. ( An infinitive accompanied by the article). It's used like any other noun
Card Set
Ch. 5 Grammar
Hansen and Quinn Greek