1. Specific use of the article?
    specific or particular referent in the mind of the author
  2. Previous Reference?
    An article used to point back to a noun used earlier in the context, usually translated with a demonstrative pronoun.
  3. The use of an article with a noun that is typical of a class or group (ie "the man on the street").
  4. Are articles expected with nouns modified by genitive personal pronouns?
    Yes, usually.
  5. Abstract Nouns and the article?
    It is usually employed (e.g. grace, knowledge, etc.).
  6. Proper names and the article?
    It is usually omitted, but can be employed; is helpful to show how names that aren't defined function.
  7. How about the article with a nominative acting as a vocative?
    It is used. The vocative never carries an article.
  8. This use of the article turns certain parts of speech into virtual nouns.
  9. The article is used with nouns modified by an ________ ____________ _______.
    Adjectival demonstrative pronoun
  10. Article as possessive pronoun?
    if the idea of possession is clear from context, the article itself functions as an appropriate possessive pronoun.
  11. Article as Personal Pronoun
    Yes, in narrative contexts as shorthand, usually with "men" or "de"
  12. Article as Relative Pronoun
    Not a real relative pronoun, but rendered such in english. Yes, the article may function so. This is especially true of articular participles.
  13. Sometimes the article is used as a _____________ _______.
    Demonstrative pronoun.
  14. Apollonius' Canon?
    Two nouns joined in a genitive phrase are normally either articular or anarthrous.
  15. Granville Sharp's Canon?
    One article used with two singular nouns in a series suggests that they both refer to the same person or object whereas two articles suggest that two people or objects are referenced.
  16. Colwell's Canon?
    • Word order in a predicate statement with two nouns may determine the specificity of a noun rather than the presence or absence of an article.
    • (1) Definite predicate nouns that follow copulative verb tend to have the article expressed.
    • (2) Definite predicate nouns that precede the copulative verb tend to omit the article, even though they are specific in meaning.
  17. Substantives may be used __________ in order to bring out the character or quality of the referent.
  18. An anarthrous noun used with some prepositions may still be __________.
  19. Describe the nominative as Subject.
    A substantive in the nominative case was most commonly used as the subject of a very, whether the verb's voice was active, middle, or passive.
  20. The predicate noun, pronoun, adjective, or other substantive in a predicate sentence with a copulative verb was placed in the _________ case.
  21. Vocative?
    A noun in the nominative is sometimes used in direct address.
  22. What is a hanging nominative?
    A word in the nominative case that begins a clause as introduction to a referent which occurs later in the clause in another case.
  23. When is the vocative case used?
    Direct address.
  24. The direct object of a verb is normally used in the _________ case.
  25. What is a double accusative?
    a verb that takes two of 'em.
  26. The __________ case was sometimes employed with or without a preposition to indicate the subject matter or another kind of limiting qualification on the statement.
    accusative of respect (translated: with respect to...)
  27. Adjective and pronouns sometimes function as adverbs wen expressed as ______ ___________.
    neuter accusatives
  28. The __________ case was used adverbially with measurement nouns and phrases to indicate the extent of an action either in space or in time.
    accusative of extent
  29. Which case do infinitives require their subjects to be expressed in?
Card Set
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