history test 3

  1. old school beliefs regarding religion?
    • 1. polytheists
    • 2. gods act on whim, ambenevolent
    • 3. people must please/appease gods via sacrifice (humans, animals, food)
  2. shift of beliefs, new school?
    • 1. monotheists (muslim, hebrews, christians)
    • 2. benevolent (kind, loving) all knowing, powerful
    • 3. live moral lives
  3. define moral freedom
    the ability/capacity to choose between right and wrong
  4. discuss morality and ethics.
    morals - how you treat yourself

    ethics - how you treat others
  5. what ideas contributed to the monotheist concept of individual worth?
    Individual = under gods image, divine spark, dignity that can't ever be taken away
  6. how is individual worth expressed in democracy?
    1. one QP= one vote

    2. vote or conscience
  7. relate moral freedom to laws
    without beliefs of ability to choose right or wrong, no accountability
  8. 2 ways roman empire helped spread christianity
    1. Diaspora

    2. constantine - 380 A.D. made it official language of Roman empire
  9. Identify Islam
    • based of teachings of Muhammad
    • Qu'ran
    • early 600's
    • Allah
  10. legacy of monotheistic religions to democracy
    • -Duty of individuals to combat oppression and justice
    • -worth of individual
    • -equality of people
    • -tolerance
    • -charity
  11. define legacy
    lasting effect
  12. purpose/belief/view of life in middle ages?
    preparation for afterlife, service to church, accept you position
  13. purpose of life in renaissance?
    live life to the fullest

    -individualism, art, explanation, buisness
  14. define reformation
    religious movement lead by martin luther + protestants to reform catholic church, "paid pardons"
  15. how did the renaissance + reformation shape democratic ideas? How?
    emphasized importance of individuals, ability to question authority

    by challenging authority of pope, supporting ideas that people interpret bible for themselves, direct relationship with god
Card Set
history test 3