Ch. 38 - Safety

  1. A safe environment includes:
    • ¬óMeeting basic human needs
    • Reducing physical hazards
    • Reducing transmission of pathogens
    • Maintaining sanitation
    • ¬óControlling pollution
  2. Basic Human Needs
    • oxygen
    • nutrition
    • temperature and humidity
  3. air pollution
    Contamination of the environmental atmosphere with substances known as pollutants, which are not normally found in the air
  4. ambularm
    Safety device that alerts health care personnel that a client is attempting to get up. Provides an alternative to restraints.
  5. aura
    Sensation, as of light or warmth, that may precede an attack of migraine or epileptic seizure.
  6. bioterrorism
    The use of biological agents to create fear and threat.
  7. Carbon Monoxide (CO)
    Colorless, odorless, poisonous gas produced by the combustion of carbon or organic fuels.
  8. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
    Federal agency responsible for the enforcement of federal regulations regarding the manufacture and distribution of food, drugs, and cosmetics to ensure protection against the sale of impure or dangerous substances.
  9. food poisoning
    Toxic processes resulting from the ingestion of a food contaminated by toxic substances or by bacteria containing toxins.
  10. immunization
    Process by which resistance to an infectious disease is produced or augmented. Immunity is acquired after the oral administration or injection of an antigen, which causes production of an antibody within the body.
  11. land pollution
    Contamination of soil by improper disposal of radioactive or bioactive waste products.
  12. noise pollution
    Noise level in an environment at the level that it becomes uncomfortable to the inhabitants.
  13. poison
    Any substance that impairs health or destroys life when ingested, inhaled, or absorbed by the body in relatively small amounts.
  14. pollutant
    Harmful chemical or waste material discharged into the water or atmosphere.
  15. relative humidity
    Amount of moisture in the air as compared with the maximum amount that the air could contain at the same temperature.
  16. restraint
    Device to aid in the immobilization of a client or a client's extremity.
  17. seizure
    Brief, temporary malfunctions of nerve cells in the brain may result in seizure activity. A generalized tonic-clonic seizure is characterized by loss of consciousness, tonicity (rigidity), and clonicity (jerking).
  18. seizure precautions
    Measures that protect the client from injury during a seizure.
  19. status epilepticus
    Medical emergency whereby a person has continual seizures without interruption.
  20. water pollution
    Contamination of lakes, rivers, and streams by industrial pollutants.
  21. bed check
    Alarm system that indicates when a client has exited their bed; the alarm sounds when the pressure is relieved from the Sensormat in their bed.
  22. environment
    Physical circumstances in which a person works or lives; can increase the likelihood that certain illnesses will occur (e.g. some kinds of cancer and other diseases are more likely to develop when industrial workers are exposed to certain chemicals or when people live near toxic waste disposal sites).
  23. hypothermia
    Abnormal lowering of body temperature below 95° F (35° C), usually caused by prolonged exposure to cold.
  24. pathogen
    Any microorganism capable of producing disease.
Card Set
Ch. 38 - Safety
Principles ch.38 review