Abnormal Psychology

  1. Fear
    Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or life threatening emergencies
  2. Anxiety
    Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily symptoms of tension in which a person apprehensively anticipates future danger or misfortune.
  3. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    "Worries about everything"
  4. Agoraphobia
    Anxiety about being in places/situations from which escape might be difficult.
  5. Specific Phobia
    unreasonable fear of a specific object or situation that markedly interfers with daily life functioning.
  6. Social Phobia
    Extreme, enduring irrational fear and avoidance of social or performance situations
  7. Post traumatic stress disorder
    Enduring, distressing emotional disorder that follows exposure to a severe helplessness- or fear inducing threat.
  8. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
    Anxiety disorder involving unwanted, perisistent intrusive thoughts and impulses, as well as repetitve actons intended to surpress them
  9. Obssession
    Recurrent intrusive thoughts or impulses the client seeks to supress or neutralize while recognizing they are not imposed by outside forces
  10. Compulsion
    Repetitve, ritualistic, time consuming behavior or mental acts a person feels driven to perform
  11. Somatoform Disorder
    Pathological concern of indv. with the appearance or functioning of their bodies, usually in the absence of any identifiable medical conditions.
  12. Hypochondriasis
    somatoform disorder incolving severe anxiety over belief in having a disease process without any evident physical cause
  13. Somatization Disorder
    involves extreme and long lasting focus on multiple physical symptoms for which no medical cause is evident
  14. Converson Disorder
    Physical malfunctioning, such as blindness or paralysis, suggesting neurological impairment but with no organic pathology to account for it
  15. Pain Disorder
    Somatoform disorder featuring true pain but for which psychological factors play an important role in onset, severity, or maintence
  16. Body Dysmorphic Disorder
    Somatoform disorder featuring a disruptive preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance
  17. Dissociative Disorder
    Disorder in which individual feel detached from themselves or their surroundings and reality
  18. Amnesia
    Loss of memory of all personal information, including identity
  19. derealization
    Situation in which the indv. loses a sense of the reality of the external world
  20. Dissociative Trance Disorder
    Altered state of consciousness in which people firmly believe they are possessed by spirits; considered a disorder only where there is distress and dysfunction
  21. Mood Disorder
    Group of disorders involving severe and enduring disturbances in emotionality ranging from elation to severe depression
  22. Mania
    Indv. find extreme pleasure in every activity
  23. Unipolar disorder
    Characterized by depression OR mania but not both
  24. Bipolar I
    Alteration of major depressive episodes with full manic episodes
  25. Bipolar II
    Alteration of major depressive episodes with hypomanic episodes
  26. Cyclothymia
    Chronic (at least 2 yr) mood disorder characterized by alternating mood elevation and depression levels that are not as severe as manic or major depressive episodes
  27. Dysthymia
    persistently depressed mood, with low self esteem, with drawal, pessimism, or despair, present for at least 2 yrs, with no absence of symptoms for more than 2 months
  28. SADS
    Mood disorder involving a cycling of episodes corresponding to the seasons of the year, typically depression occuring during the winter
  29. ECT
    biological treatment for severe, chronic depression involving application of electrical impulses through the brain to produce seizures
  30. schizophrenia
    Devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteristic disturbances in thinking (delusions), perception (hallucination), speech, emotion, and behavior
  31. What types of Schizophrenia are there?
    • -Paranoid
    • -disorganized
    • -Catatonic
    • -Residual
  32. Hallucination
    -Psychotic symptoms of perceptual disturbance in which things are seen, heard, or otherwise sensed although they are not actually present.
  33. Delusions
    Psychotic disorder featuring a persistent belief contrary to reality (delusion) but no other symptoms of schizophrenia.
  34. Undifferentiated
    Catogory for indv. who meet criteria for schizophrenia but not for one defined subtypes
  35. Delusions of Grandeur
    Beliving you are famous/ someone important
  36. Delusions of Persecution
    Beleif that someone's out to get you
  37. Anxiety is driven by ____
  38. Which brain structure involves with Anxiety?
    Prefrontal Cortex
  39. Generalized Anxiety Disorder operate their lives at ___ anxiety level
  40. Panic Attacks can led to ___
  41. What is an affective treatment for anti-anxiety?
    Stress Management and Coping
  42. Systematic Desensitization
    Show pictures of what you're afraid of , and then the real thing
  43. What are three characteristics of PTSD?
    • -Recurring intrusive recollection of the traumatic event
    • -Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma or numbing of genral respnsiveness
    • -Persistent
  44. What are 5 treatments for Anxiety Disorder?
    • -Medication
    • -Behavorial Approaches
    • -Cognitive Behavorial
    • -Relaxation Training
    • -Excersise, sleep, diet
  45. Depersonalization
    Distortion is perception of reality
  46. 4 Chracteristics of Dissociative Disorder
    • -severe alterations or detachments
    • -Affects identity, memory, or consciousness
    • -Depresonalization
    • -Derealization
  47. Dissociative Identity Disorder
    • -Adoption of new identites
    • -Identities display unique behaviors, voice, and posture
  48. What is Depression?
    • -Irrational thoughts
    • -Feel sad, guilty, and hopeless
    • Disturbed sleep, eating
    • apathetic, no energy
  49. Two types of anti-depressants
    • 1. Monoamine Oxidase (block enzymes)
    • 2. Serotenergic Reuptake Inhibitor
  50. Medication for Bipolar
    • -Lithium
    • -Mood stabilizer
    • -Depakote is most recent form*
  51. Depression Treatments
    • Psychodynamic: have to resolve anger and anxiety
    • Interpersonal therapy: focus on social conflicts
    • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: beliefs and attributions
    • Medications
  52. Types of Schrizophrenia
    What are the 4 characteristics?
    • Incoherent speech
    • hallucination
    • bizzare behavior
    • delusions
  53. Types of Schrizophrenia

    2 criteria
    stupor or Extreme excitement
  54. Types of Schrizophrenia

    • -illogical delusions combined with hallucination
    • -no incoherence
  55. Types of Schrizophrenia
    Those who suffer from a past episode of schrizophrenia but are currently free of symptoms
  56. What are 4 positive symptoms of schrizophrenia?
    • -Delusion of grandeur
    • -Delusion of persecution
    • -Hallucination
    • -Auditory Hallucination
  57. The broca area is the ____
  58. Negative symptoms of schrizophrenia are_
    • -Avoilation
    • Alogia
    • -Anhendonia
    • -Affective Flattening
  59. Avolition
    inability to intitiate and persist in activity
  60. Alogia
    The relative absence in speech
  61. Anhedonia
    presumed lack of pleasure
  62. Affective Flattening
    Inability to show emotion that would be normally expected
Card Set
Abnormal Psychology
Exam 2