POLS 1101 Ch. 12.txt

  1. Line-item veto
    � power of the president to strike out specific line items on an appropriations bill while allowing the rest of the bill to become law; declared unconstitutional 1997
  2. Signing statement
    - a written message that the president issues upon signing a bill into law
  3. Executive Agreement
    • - international agreement between the US and other nation, not subject to Senate approval and only in
    • effect during the administration of the president who negotiates the agreement
  4. Balanced tickets
    � the selection of a running mate who brings diversity of ideology, geographic region, age, gender, race, or ethnicity to the state
  5. Cabinet
    � the group of experts chosen by the president to serve as advisors on running the country
  6. Executive Office of the President (EOP)
    � offices, counsels, and boards that help the President carry out the day-to-day responsibilities of the office
  7. White House Office (WHO)
    - the office that develops policies and protects the president�s legal and political interests.
  8. Chief of staff
    - among the most important staff members of the WHO; serves as both an advisor to the presidents and manager of the WHO
  9. Press secretary
    � the president�s spokesperson to the media
  10. White House Counsel
    president�s lawyers
  11. National Security Council (NSC)
    consisting of top foreign policy advisors and relevant cabinet officials, this is an arm of the EOP that the presidents consults on matters of foreign policy and national security
  12. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    - office that creates the presidents annual budget
  13. Take Care Clause-
    the constitutional basis for inherent powers, which state that the president �shall take Care� that the laws are faithfully executed
  14. Inherent Power
    presidential powers that are implied in the Constitution
  15. Statutory Powers
    powers explicitly granted to presidents by congressional action
  16. Executive Order:
    power of the President to issue orders that carry the force of law
  17. Emergency Powers
    broad powers exercised by the presidents during times of national crisis
  18. Executive Powers
    � the right of the chief executive and member of the administration to withhold information from Congress or the courts, or the right to refuse to appear before legislation or judicial bodies.
  19. Approval ratings
    - the % of survey respondents who say that they �approve� or �strongly approve� of the way the president is going his job
  20. Honeymoon period
    � a time early in a new presidents administration characterized by optimistic approval by the public
  21. Rally �round the flag effect
    � peaks in the presidential approval ratings during short-term military actions
  22. Working Progress Administration
    - the new deal that would employ 8.5 million people at a cost of more than $11 million between 1935- 1943
  23. Watergate�
    � during the Nixon administration, a scandal involving burglaries and the subsequent cover-up by high level admin officials.

  24. Impeachment
    • � the power of the HOR to formally accuse the President (and other high-ranking officials, including the VP + Fed Judges) of crimes.
Card Set
POLS 1101 Ch. 12.txt
POLS Ch. 12