AP English Semester Exam

  1. Thesis
    The central idea in a work to which all parts of the work refer.
  2. Speaker
    A term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective (real or imagined) is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing.
  3. Rhetoric
    The study of effective, persuasive language use; "The available means of persuasion."
  4. Purpose
    One's intention or objective in a speech or piece of writing.
  5. Context
    Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.
  6. Persona
    The speaker, character, or voice assumed by the author of a piece of writing.
  7. Ethos
    An appeal to credibility.
  8. Pathos
    An appeal to emotion or sympathy.
  9. Logos
    An appeal to logic.
  10. Assumption
    A belief or statement taken for granted without proof.
  11. Counterargument
    A challenge to a position; an opposing argument.
  12. Concession
    A reluctant acknowledgment or yielding.
  13. Refutation
    To discredit an argument, particularly a counterargument.
  14. Tone
    The speaker's attitude toward the subject or audience.
  15. Connotation
    That which is implied by a word, as opposed to the word's literal meaning.
  16. Anecdote
    A short account of an interesting event.
  17. Colloquialism
    An informal or conversational use of language.
  18. Alliteration
    The repetition of the same sound or letter at the beginning of consecutive words or syllables.
  19. Allusion
    An indirect reference, often to another text or an historic event.
  20. Anaphora
    The repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses.
  21. Antimetabole
    The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast.
  22. Antithesis
    Parallel structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas.
  23. Archaic Diction
    The use of words common to an earlier time period; antiquated language.
  24. Asyndeton
    Leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, clauses. <--Example :)
  25. Hortative
    Urgingly, or strongly encouraging.
  26. Inversion
    A sentence in which the verb preceeds the subject.
  27. Juxtaposition
    Placement of two things side by side for emphasis.
  28. Oxymoron
    A figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms.
  29. Parallelism
    The repetition of similar grammatical or syntactical patterns.
  30. Personification
    Assigning lifelike qualities to inanimate objects.
  31. Currency
    Relatability to the present.
  32. Common Knowledge
    A piece of information found in multiple sources.
  33. Credibility
    Worthy of belief; trustworthy.
  34. Rhetorical Question
    A question asked more to produce an effect than to summon an answer.
  35. Induction
    Reasoning from specific to general.
  36. Deduction
    Reasoning from general to specific.
  37. Syllogism
    A form of deductive reasoning in which the conclusion is supported by a major and minor premise.
  38. In Medias Res
    Beginning a story in the middle or the end.
  39. Bias
    Prejudice or predisposition toward one side of a subject or issue.
  40. Polysyndeton
    The deliberate use of a series of conjunctions.
  41. Syntax
    Sentence structure.
  42. Style
    The distinctive quality of speech or writing created by the selection and arrangement of words and figures of speech.
  43. Diction
    Word Choice.
  44. Imagery
    Vivid use of language that evokes a reader's senses.
  45. Terminal
    The ending sentence.
  46. Hyperbole
    Exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis.
  47. Subordination
    The dependence of one syntactical element on another in a sentence.
  48. Denotation
    The literal meaning of a word; its dictionary definition.
  49. Imperative
    A sentence that requests or commands.
Card Set
AP English Semester Exam
My flashcards to review for my exam tomorrow.