Ch 5-6 Pharmacology.csv

  1. antacids
    conteract or neutralize acidity
  2. antacid medicine
    • calcium carbonate
    • "Mylanta, Rolaids, Tums"
  3. antidiarrheals
    control loose stools and relieve diarrhea by absorbing excess water in the bowel or slowing peristalsis in the intestinal tract
  4. antidiarrheal medicine
    • loperamide - Imodium
    • "kaolin/pectin - Donnagel-MB, Kapectolin"
  5. antiemetics
    control nausea and vomiting by blocking nerve impulses to the vomiting center of the brain
  6. antiemetic medicine
    • "prochloroperazine - Compazine, Compro"
    • "trimethobenzamide - T-Gen, Tigan"
  7. antispasmodics
    Decrease gastrointestinal (GI) spasms by slowing peristalsis and motility throughout the GI tract
  8. antispasmodic medicine
    • glycopyrrolate - Robinul
    • propantheline - Pro-Banthine
  9. laxatives
    treat constipation by increasing peristaltic activity in the large intesting or increasing water and electrolyte secretion into the bowel to induce defecation
  10. laxative medicine
    • "senna, sennosides - Senokot, Senolax"
    • "psyllium - Metamucil, Natural Fiber Supplement"
  11. antifungals
    "alter the cell wall of fungi or disrupt enzyme activity, resulting in cell death"
  12. antifungal medicines
    "nystatin - Mycostatin, Nyston"
  13. antihistamines
    "inhibit allergic reactions of inflammation, redness, and itching caused by the release of histamine"
  14. antihistamine medicines
    • diphenhydramine - Benadryl
    • loratadine - Claritin
  15. antiseptics
    "topically applied agents that inhibit growth of bacteria, thus preventing infections in cuts, scratches and surgical incisions"
  16. antiseptic medicines
    • ethyl or isopropyl alcohol
    • hydrogen peroxide
  17. corticosteroids
    decrease inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune system's inflammatory response to tissue damage
  18. corticosteroid medicines
    • "hydrocortisone - Certacort, Cortaid"
    • "triamcinolone - Azmacort, Kenalog"
  19. keratolytics
    destroy and soften the outer layer of skin so that it is sloughed off or shed
  20. keratolytic medicines
    "tretinoin - Retin-A, Vesanoid"
  21. parasiticides
    "kill insect parasites, such as mites or lice"
  22. parasiticide medicines
    • "lindane - Kwell, Thion"
    • permethrin - Nix
  23. protectives
    "cover; cool, dry or soothe inflamed skin"
  24. protective medicines
    • lotions - Cetaphil moisturizing lotion
    • ointments - Vaseline
  25. topical anesthetics
    block sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers and mucous membranes
  26. topical anesthetic medicines
    • lidocaine - Xylocaine
    • procaine - Novocain
Card Set
Ch 5-6 Pharmacology.csv
Pharmacology from ch 5 and ch 6