1. Cleisthenes
    • expanded democracy
    • granted citizenship to more males
    • permitted men of all classes to serve on the council
    • adopted the practice of ostracism
  2. Alexander the Great
    • conquered the entire Persian Empire: Asia Minor, Egypt, Fertile Crescent, and Persia
    • son of Philip II of Macedonia
    • student of Aristotle
  3. Hippocrates
    • "father of medicine"
    • "Hippocratic Oath" still used today
  4. Homer
    blind poet who wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey
  5. Solon
    • rewrote the laws to
    • 1) cancel mortgages on land
    • 2) free persons enslaved for debt
    • 3) limit the amount of land owned by one person
    • 4) allowed male citizens to serve on juries
    • 5) grant male commoners the right to vote in the legislature
  6. Socrates
    • "know thyself"
    • Socratic method- sought truth my persistent questioning
    • forced to drink hemloch
    • Plato was one of his students
  7. Pericles
    • headed Athenian govt
    • great orator and popular leader
    • removed restrictions on office holding and paid salaries to public officials
    • expressed democratic ideals in Funeral Oration
    • years of his leadership were Golden Age
  8. Plato
    • wrote the Dialogues and The Republic
    • his ideal gov't was an aristocracy of the intelligent or a philosopher emperor
    • taught Aristotle
  9. Aristotle
    • wrote treatises on philosophy, science, gov't, and lit.
    • wrote Logic and Politics
    • taught Alexander the Great
  10. Aristophanes
    • satirized political and cultural leadership of Athens
    • "Lysistrata" and "Frogs" were 2 of his plays
  11. Pythagorus
    • philosopher and mathematician
    • Pythagorean Theorem: a2 + b2 = c2
  12. Herodotus
    • "father of history"
    • described the Persian invasions of Greece
  13. Constantine
    • issued the Edict of Milan
    • ruled that Christianity would be permitted
  14. Theodosius
    made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire
  15. Attila
    • powerful leader of the Huns
    • led an attack against Gaul and the Northern Empire
  16. All of the following were reasons for the rapid rise of Christianity EXCEPT
    a) the missionary zeal of its leaders
    b) its appeal to the lower classes
    c) the Pax Romana
    d) its privileged status in the early empire
    d) its privileged status in the Early Empire
  17. Which of the following established the unity of Christian teachings for the Church?
    a) jus romana
    b) Nicene Creed
    c) Benedictine Rule
    d) Law of the Twelve Tables
    b) Nicene Creed
  18. A major reason for the ending of the persecution of the Christians by the 4th century was that
    a) Romans had become less warlike
    b) they had become more numerous and influential
    c) the division of the Roman Empire
    d) the conversion of German barbarians
    b) they had become more numerous and influential
Card Set
greece and rome world history cards