1. The membrane on the surface of the lung is called ______?

    A. Visceral pleura
  2. Which organ system is responsible for the production of blood cells?

    B. skeletal system
  3. The hepatic veins drain into the _________

    D. inferior vena cava
  4. Which structure is located between the SP & TP of a typical vertebrae?

    B. lamina
  5. Which muscle originates on the TP, inserts on a SP above, & spans 2-4 segments

    C. multifidus
  6. Pelvic splanchnic nerves are composed of which type of fibers?

    D. parasympathetic preganglionic
  7. Which cell produces myelin within the spinal cord & brain?

    C. oligodendrocytes
  8. Which neurotransmitter fxns to relieve pain sensation?

    C. beta-endorphin
  9. What will occur if the right lateral spinothalamic tract is severed?

    C. Pain impulses from the left side of the body will be blocked
  10. Which nerves supplies the skin over the EOP?

    D. greater occipital
  11. Which branch of a spinal nerve innervates dura mater?

    C. recurrent meningeal
  12. Which nerve supplies the tibalis anterior?

    A. deep peroneal
  13. Ape hand is associated with a lesion to the _______ nerve.

    B. median
  14. The most consistent initial finding in an area of tissue inflammation is?

    C. vasodilation
  15. Nerve regeneration may take place only if:

    C. nerve cell body & nucleus are undamaged
  16. What may cause a fat embolism to occur?

    B. long bone fracture
  17. The adductor longus muscle is innervated by which nerve?

    C. obturator
  18. Plantarflexion of the ankle jt would be prevented by injury to which nerve?

    A. tibial
  19. The apex of the heart is located at which intercostal space on the anterior chest wall?

    A. 5th
  20. The coracoid process is a feature of which bone?

    D. scapula
  21. The epiphyseal disc of a developing long bone is formed from which structure?

    A. hyaline cartilage
  22. The anterior belly of the digastric muscle is derived from which structure?

    D. first pharyngeal arch
  23. Which nerve innervates the lattisimus dorsi muscle?

    A. thoracodorsal
  24. Which nerve loops around the arch of the aorta?

    D. left recurrent laryngeal
  25. Cardiac tamponade is defined as?

    A. fluid in pericardial space
  26. Malignant mesothelioma may result to long term exposure to ____

    B. asbestos
  27. Which ligament forms a canal for the tendon of the long head of the biceps tendon?

    C. transverse humeral
  28. The conus medularis of the SC ends at approximately what vertebral leve?

    C. L2
  29. A muscle spindle has which type of receptor?

    B. mechanoreceptor
  30. What is the correct sequence of development of the secondary curvatures of the vertebral column after birth?

    D. cervical then lumbar
  31. Which nerve innervates both the skin & deep back muscles in the upper back & neck areas?

    A. medial branch of the dorsal primary rami
  32. Which muscle attaches to the mastoid process of the skull?

    A. longissimus capitis
  33. Which nerve provides general visceral afferent innervation to the posterior third of the tongue?

    C. glossopharyngeal
  34. The olfactory nerve passes thru which bone?

    C. ethmoid
  35. Which lobe of the brain contains the somatosensory cortex?

    B. parietal
  36. Which type of cell lines the ventricles of the brain?

    B. ependymal
  37. Which ligament lines the anterior portion of the spinal canal?

    B. PLL
  38. An axon carries what type of info?

    C. AP away from the cell body
  39. The spring ligament connects the calcaneous to which bone?

    A. navicular
  40. Where is the primary ossification center of a long bone located?

    C. diaphysis
  41. Which vertebrae does not have a bifid SP?

    B. C7
  42. The medial pterygoid is supplied by the ______ nerve?

    D. trigeminal
  43. The right common carotid artery is a branch off the _______?

    B. brachiocephalic trunk
  44. Increased secretion from the anterior pituitary following closure of the epiphyseal plates could produce?

    B. acromegaly
  45. Which is the MC degenerative disease of the joints?

    C. OA
  46. Which of the following substances is produced in the cells & increases inflammation d/t tissue damage?

    B. histamine
  47. Cretinism is caused by congenital _________

    D. hypothyroidism
  48. ____________ is characterized by congenital absence of parasympathetic ganglion cells in the colon.

    A. Hirschsprung's disease
  49. Degeneration of the lateral horn may result in disruption of ________?

    B. autonomic fxn
  50. Pitting edema is commonly related to _______?

    B. congestive heart failure
  51. An acute inflammation & thrombosis of arteries & veins affecting the hands & feet that is associated w/ heavy smoking.

    A. Beurger's disease
  52. A small cystic projection from a joint capsule or tendon sheath usually on the wrist is called a(n)?

    C. ganglion
  53. Necrosis of cardiac muscle due to damage by ischemia is classified as ________ necrosis

    B. coagulation
  54. Winging of the scapula is MC associated w/ weakeness of the _______________

    C. serratus anterior
  55. Compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve is associated w/ ?

    D. meraigia parashtetica
  56. At what level does decussation of the lateral corticospinal tract occur?

    C. medulla oblongata
  57. The annulus fibrosis is composed of :

    D. fibrocartilage
  58. Cranial nerves w/ parasympathetic fxn are?

    A. 3, 7, 9, 10
  59. Spinal nerve C6 exits the intervertebral foramen b/w which 2 vertebral segments?

    B. C5, C6
  60. The articular facet for the second costal cartilage is located at the:

    A. jxn of the manubrium & sternal body
  61. The cephalad continuation of the supraspinous ligament is:

    C. ligamentum nuchae
  62. The horizontal fissure separates which lobes of the lung?

    B. R superior & R middle
  63. Which suture is located b/w frontal & parietal bones?

    A. coronal
  64. A pt w/ lower motor neuron lesion would present w/ __________

    C. flaccid paralysis
  65. Which synaptic event produces the longest lasting change of the effectiveness of synaptic transmission?

    D. release of nitric oxide by the post synaptic neuron
  66. Tic delaroux is the result of a lesion in which cranial nerve?

    A. trigeminal
  67. Inability to accurately judge weight differences is termed _______

    D. abarognosis
  68. Which pathology would result in ptosis & lateral strabismus of the right eye?

    B. Oculomotor palsy
  69. The spinothalamic tract sends neurons through the thalamus to which of the following gyrus?

    D. postcentral
  70. Which is a solid mass of approximately 16 cells associated within the zona pellucida?

    B. morula
  71. Which structure passes through the foramen ovale?

    D. mandibular n
  72. Which of the following cranial nerves innervates the superior oblique?

    D. trochlear
  73. Which bony structure forms the medial border of the transverse foramen of a cervical vertebrae?

    D. pedicle
  74. Which structure is most likely to sustain damage during hyperflexion of the c-spine?

    A. trapezius
  75. Which motion segment has an uncovertebral jt?

    D. C5, C6
  76. Which tract carries discriminatory sensation such as proprioception & vibration?

    B. fasciculus gracilis
  77. Diffuse suppurative inflammation is called _______

    B. cellulites
  78. A muscle will not change length during a(n) ________ contraction

    B. isometric
  79. During the isovolumetric phase of contraction the A-V valves are ______ & the aortic & pulmonic valves are ______

    A. closed, closed
  80. Which structure is located b/w the frontal & parietal bones?

    B. coronal
  81. The pulmonary veins drain into which chamber of the heart?

    D. L atrium
  82. CSF is located in which space?

    C. subarachnoid
  83. Increased sympathetic activity to the heart would _______ heart rate & ____ vigor of contraction

    D. increase, increase
  84. Which hormone prevents luteolysis (death of the corpus luteum)?

    C. hCG
  85. Which hormone stimulates testosterone production?

    B. luteinizing hormone
  86. The secretion of antidiuretic hormone is increased by

    C. elevated blood osmotic pressure
  87. What is the affect of hypercalcemia on the cardiovascular system?

    C. stronger prolonged contractions of the ventricles
  88. The chemosensory cells of the medulla oblongata control breathing in response to the

    A. pH of CSF
  89. Which vitamin will increase the absorption of iron in the intestine?

    A. C
  90. A deficiency in vit D during childhood results in _____

    B. rickets
  91. Which is classified as a complex carbohydrate?

    D. proteoglycan
  92. Which cells predominate at the site of acute inflammation?

    D. monocytes & neutrophils
  93. A deficiency in which vit is associated w/ bleeding gums

    A. C
  94. Your pt complains of dryness of the nose & palate. This could indicate injury to _______ ganglion

    C. pterygopalantine
  95. Which iron containing food contains the most absorbable form of iron?

    C. red meat
  96. Niacin deficiency is associated w/ which disease?

    A. pellagra
  97. Slow oxidative muscle fibers have more _______ than fast anaerobic muscle fibers

    B. mitochondria
  98. A disease marked by accumulation of copper in the liver, brain, kidney, & eye is called?

    B. Wilson's disease
  99. The dietary precursor in mammals of coenzyme A is ___________

    D. pentothenic acid
  100. How does presynaptic inhibition occur?

    B. Voltage gated Ca channels become harder to open in respinse to AP
Card Set