Nutrition Chapter #1

  1. a way of life that integrates body, mind, and spirit
  2. chemical substances found in food that are necessary for good health
  3. nutrients found only in food
    essential nutrients
  4. the nutrient class providing the major source of energy in the average diet
    carbohydrates (CHO)
  5. the only one of the six essential nutrient classes containing nitrogen
  6. highest calorie-value nutrient class
    fats (lipids)
  7. organic substances necessary for life although they do not, independently, provide energy
  8. one of many inorganic substances essential to life
  9. major constituent of all living cells; composed of hydrogen and oxygen
  10. the body process whereby the blood is moved throughout the body
  11. breathing
  12. breakdown of food in the body in preparation for absorption
  13. evacuation of wastes
  14. foods or beverages containing substantial amounts of essential nutrients
  15. foods or beverages that provide substantial amounts of essential nutrients
  16. the result of those processes whereby the body takes in and uses food for growth, development, and the maintenance of health
  17. one's physical condition as determined by diet
    nutritional status
  18. poor nutrition
  19. nutrient value of foods compared with number of calories
    nutrient density
  20. pressure of one's friends and colleagues of the same age
    peer pressure
  21. results of something done repeatedly over many years
    cumulative effects
  22. a form of arteriosclerosis affecting the intima (inner lining) of the artery walls
  23. excessive body fat, 20% above average
  24. diseases caused by the lack of one or more specific nutrients
    deficiency diseases
  25. intake of iron is adequate, but the body has no extra iron stored
    iron deficiency
  26. deficiency disease caused by the lack of vitamin D; causes malformed bones and pain in infants and children
  27. a condition in which bones become soft, usually in adults because of calcium loss and vitamin D deficiency
  28. condition in which bones become brittle because there have been insufficient mineral deposits, especially calcium
  29. enlarged tissue of the thyroid gland due to a deficiency of iodine
  30. evaluation of one's nutritional condition
    nutrition assessment
  31. professional trained to assess nutrition status and recommend appropriate diet therapy
  32. of height, weight, head, chest, skinfold
    anthropometric measurements
  33. physical observation
    clinical examination
  34. laboratory analysis of blood, urine, and feces
    biochemical tests
  35. evaluation of food habits, including client's ability to buy and prepare food
    dietary-social history
  36. mechanical device used to measure percentage of body fat by skinfold measurement
  37. listing the types, amounts, and preparation of all foodes eaten in past 24 hours
    24-hour recall
  38. written record of all food and drink ingested in a specified period
    food diary
  39. the _____ that individuals follow will determine, to a large extent, their health, growth, and development
  40. taking care of one's health is all about ______
  41. can often be less costly than treatment and offer a better quality of life for an individual as well as the community
  42. The ______ one is when positive changes are made, the healthier one is throughout the life span.
  43. The 6 classes of nutrients:
    • Carbohydrates (CHO)
    • Fats (lipids)
    • Proteins
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
    • Water
  44. The body can make small amounts of some nutrients, but most must be _________ ___ ___ in order to meet the body's needs.
    obtained from food
  45. How many essential nutrients are there?
    about 40
  46. The six nutrient classes are chemically divided into two categories:
    • organic
    • inorganic
  47. ________ nutrients contain hydrogen, oxygen and carbon.
  48. an element found in all living things..
  49. Before the body can use organic nutrients, it must...
    break them down into their smallest components
  50. __________ nutrients are already in their simplest forms when the body ingests them, except for water.
  51. Each nutrient participates in at least one of the following functions:
    • Providing the body with energy
    • Building and repairing body tissue
    • Regulating body processes
  52. ___________, ___________, and _________ furnish energy
    Carbohydrates (CHO), proteins, and fats (lipids)
  53. ________ are used to build and repair body tissues witht he help of vitamins and minerals.
  54. _______, ________, and _____ help regulate the various body processes such as circulation, respiration, digestion, and elimination.
    Vitamins, minerals, and water
  55. the physiological need for food
  56. A psychological desire for food based on pleasant memories
  57. What can affect the body's ability to resist disease, the length of one's life, and the state of one's physical and mental well-being?
  58. ______ nutrition enhances appearance and is commonly exemplified by shiny hair, clear skijnh
Card Set
Nutrition Chapter #1
Nutrition Chapter 1