Theater History

  1. What is the Abydos Passion Play?
    It was an Egyptian Play. It was a performance to Osiris. It was performed between 2500 to 550 BCE. There is a lot of debate about the interpretation of this play.
  2. What is Cultural Darwinism?
    It is a theory of evolution applied to cultural phenomena. Assumes that humans evolve from simple to complex. It assumes that societies that evolved autonomous institutions are superior than those that have not yet separated art and theater from religion.
  3. What is City of Dionysia?
    It was the most important festival in Athens. It held contest between the tribes, during the spring time it was opened to the whole Greek world.
  4. What events occurs during 534 BCE?
    Athenian government sanction to theater. Thespis join recitation and character verse to create a primitive drama in this year.
  5. What is the Lenaia Festival?
    It celebrates the end of January. It was a city festival, primarily local. Comedy became heavily associated with this festival.
  6. Who is Arion?
    He the first to record dithyrambs on well defined heroic subjects and to give them titles. Arion is associated to drama, because his performers were called tragodoi and songs tragikon.
  7. Who is Aeschylus?
    He was the first of the holy trinity of Greek playwrights. He wrote Orestia and Persians.
  8. Who is Sophocles?
    He wrote Antigone and Oedipus. He wrote very individual characters that were complex and motivated.
  9. Who was Euripides?
    He was very popular among the people but didn't win many prizes. He was responsible for Trojan Women and Alcestis.
  10. Who was Epicharmus?
    Poet mentioned by Aristotle, Credited as the first writer of comedies.
  11. Old Comedy and Aristophanes
    Animals chorus, prologue, happy idea theme, emphasis on sex drinking wealth and leisure.

    Dealt with political issues. Clouds, Wasps, Birds.
  12. new Comedy, Menander
    Domestic in nature. Love financial worries and family.

    Menander's Grouch was the only extant complete work of new comedy. Menander wrote over 100 plays and was highly regarded.
  13. Satyr Play
    Play done following a tragedy. Cleanse the palate for the next tragedy.
  14. Pronomos vase
    depiction of satry actors. Provides information on number of chorus and costuming mask and other information.
  15. Phylakes
    From southern Italy. Rustic farce performed in Greek colonies in southern Italy.
  16. Chiton
    Toga or outer wear of actors
  17. Artists of Dionysus
    The guild of actors in Hellenistic era. All the personnel needed for stage plays and give recitations at festivals.
  18. Orchestra and Skene
    The two main play areas in Greek. Orchestra is the flat surface out front and the skene is a wall or back room behind the playing space.
  19. Thorikos
    Oldest extant theater in Attica. Semi-rectangular orchestra.
  20. Theatron
    The seeing space in Greek theaters.
  21. Pinakes and Periakoti
    part of Hellenistic theaters. Pinakes were like flats-painted panels inserted from the rear. periakoti was painted on both sides that changed from play to play.
  22. Ekkyklema and Machine
    The device for revealing tableaus. A wagon where it came from is up for debate.
  23. Proskenion and Episkenion
    • The front of the stage was supported by the Proskenion-facade of the lower story.
    • The Epikenion rose the back of the stage on the second story facade.
  24. Epidaurus
    This is a Hellenistic theater that is not Greek and compared with Dionysus.
  25. Atellan farce
    course farces presenting stock characters. Exodia or after pieces to the longer drama.
  26. Livy
    Roman historian. Wrote about the plague and how entertainment was brought in to try and cure it.
  27. Ludi
    Play and Games
  28. Livius Andronicus
    A Greek captured at Tarentum, produced the first translation of a Greek play in Latin.
  29. Terrence
    Roman play write for the intellectual elite. Drowned at early age.
  30. Plautus
    Roman playwright drama and republic. 130 plays, comedy.
  31. Caecilius Statius
    Comic writer, dramatist.
  32. Seneca
    The only roman tragedian we have. Famous for his works on rhetoric and philosophy.
  33. Pantomime Lucian
    Wrote the dance. A dance with a plot.
  34. Mime
    acrobatic street performers. Very popular.
  35. Paratheatricals
    gladiators, venations, naumachiae.
  36. Theatre of Pompey
    First permanent theatre in Rome. Built with state money to venus.
  37. Siparium and Auleum
    back ground cutrain of the stage.

    The curtain in the front.
  38. Vituvius
    Roman architect provided information about roman theater structure and audiences, acoustics. and settings related to genre how to book for building the perfect theater.
  39. Tertullian
    Early Christian Arthur who argued against the theater.
  40. 476 BCE
    fall to the Goths. Fall of the Roman empire. Collapse of the existing social structures.
  41. Stock Characters
    Fictional Characters based on a common literary or social stereotype. Names come from personality or characteristics.
  42. paodoi
    Structure of greek theater that arched and opened in the orchestra
  43. Thyromata
    Miniature proscenium arch behind the individual setting oculd be erected.
  44. Fabula Palliate
    Roman comedies that were translations or adaptations of Greek New comedies.
  45. fabula Togoata
    Roman materials similar to Fabula Palliate
  46. Fabula Praetxta
    adapted from Greek originals based on Roman subjects.
  47. Scaenae ductillis
    sliding scenery
  48. Histriones
    Roman Actors
  49. Circus Maximus
    Ancient Roman chariot raving stadium in Rome.
  50. Flavian Amphitheatre
    Theatre that eventually became the coliseum. Latin.
  51. karagoz
    Turkish shadow puppets.
  52. Ludi Romani
    Roman Games
  53. Closet Tragedy
    Play not intended for stage but read by a solitary reader or out loud in a small group.
  54. Pupitum
    massive screen constructed out of stone.
  55. Scaena frons
    The basic scenic back ground in roman theatre.
  56. Venationes
    type of public spectacle that feature animal huts
  57. Naumachiae
    game intended to mock naval battles.
  58. Collegium poetarum
    guild that met in Tome that poets and actors belonged to.
  59. Gnaeus Naevius
    Roman epic poet and dramatist of the old Latin period. Angered the Metelli family, went to prison and set free.
  60. The Brothers Manaechmus
    A comedy about mistaken identity involving a set of twins, most of the dialog was sung.
Card Set
Theater History
Theater History