What is absolute poverty?
Exists when people do not have the means to secure basic necessities. (Food, clothing, shelter)
What is relative poverty?
exists when people may be able to afford basic necessities, but cannot maintain an average standard of living relative to others in society.
Who developed the poverty line?
The Social Security Security Administration (SSA).
What does it cost to live in the U.S.?
- -$28,000 for a family of 3
- -$36,000 for a family of 4
Who are the poor?
- 1.Greater number of whites in poverty, but black and hispanic are disproportionately poor relative to their number in the general population
- 2. immigrants are disproportionately poor
- 3. single parent, female headed families
- 4. children
- 5. those living in central cities and in rural U.S.
Why are the working poor so poor?
- 1. Most work low-paid service jobs
- 2. multiple, part time jobs
- 3. Lack of benefits (Healthcare in particular)
- 4. no bank accounts
- 5. pay higher rates for loans, insurance
- 6. poor access to affordable food and goods (groceries)
What is the deficiency theory?
Poverty is the result of biological or cultural "failings" or inadequacies of individuals.
What is the structural theory?
- Poverty is the result of unequal access to resources, such as education, good jobs, etc..
- It also focuses on how broad economic changes and governmental policies affect poverty rates.
More about Deficiency Theories.. What is the Bell Curve?
- Hermstein and Murray argue that a person's position in society is predicted by their genetic cognitive ability.
- IQ explains why certain people remain lower on the socio-economic ladder.
- They argue blacks and latinos are more likely to be poor because of low IQ.