Había una vez...
Once upon a time there was/were
A que no saben...
Bet you don't know...
No saben la sorpresa que se llevó cuando...
you wouldn't believe how surprised he/she was when..
- Refers to a completed past action, the beginning or end of a past action, and an action that occurred over a set period of time.
- -Expresses time and age
- -To describe past actions with a progressive aspect
- -To describe two or more actions with a progressive aspect that occurred simultaneously
- -To describe a progressive action in the past when another occurred or interrupted the action in progress. Preterite is used for the action that occurred.
Always, frequently, every day-month-year, many times
siempre, a menudo-con frecuencia-frecuentemente, todos los dias-meses-años, muchas veces
-Use these with the imperfect to describe past habitual actions-Use with preterit to indicate recurring completed actions that occurred during a specific time
Use SER and ESTAR + adjective.
-Ser + adj. when you are describing being- physical, mental, or emotional characteristics that you associate with a person or phys. characters with a thing.
-Estar + adj. when describing the condition or state of being of a person, place, or thing.
Past Participle as an Adjective:
- 1. Use estar + PP to indicate the result caused by an action
- 2. Past participles function as an adjective and agree in gender and number.
- 3. irregular participles that are frequently used as adjectives include:
- - abierto: open
- - escrito-a: written
- - hecho-a: made
- - muerto-a: dead
- - puesto-a: placed- put
- - resuelto-a: resolved
- - roto-a : broken
- - If a sentence has an indirect object, it always needs an indirect object pronoun
- - Put the indirect object pronoun before the conjugated verb, or after and attached to the infinitive or present participle.
Indirect Object Pronouns-
me, te, le, nos, os, les