1. what is real texture
    The actual surface quality of an artwork. Can actually be touched, offers both look and feel.
  2. What is implied texture?
    The perceived surface quality in an artwork. is simulated or invented, provides only the appearance of texture.
  3. What is Texture?
    The physical surface structure of a material. An artworks actual or implied surface quality such as smooth, or soft.
  4. How might texture effect design?
    Texture might create diverse effects in a design. Texture can be used to capture a particular look or feel.
  5. What can we learn from observing real textures
    Real textures provide clues about an objects nature and its function
  6. What are the functions of real texture?
    Many textures have a protective purpose, others attract. I.e fur provides warmth. Actual textures in artwork often provide visual interest.
  7. How does an artist make sure texture is appealing.
    For texture to be appealing the artist must control its use. Too much texture or inappropriate type can disturb the appearance of a surface.
  8. What are examples of visually active textures?
    raised, bumpy, pebbly, or craggy
  9. What are examples of visually restful textures
    smooth, woven, and finely textured surfaces. Artists sometimes include areas of refined or minimal texture as a visual rest from highly textured areas.
  10. When an artist uses implied textures, they are "fooling our eyes". What does this mean?
    All our experiences with real textures build memories that we experience again when we see similar implied textures or when we encounter unfamiliar textures. We are seeing an impression of something that is not really there, because in our imagination we can feel the texture portrayed.
  11. What are the effects of texture in art
    Texture can suggest certain feelings and moods, or even remain purposely ambiguous. Textures and textural contrasts can also function as organizational devices: they may unify an area or create patterns and movement within a composition.
  12. In any successful work of art, the artist has paid careful attention to ____ and _____.
    Texture and its effects.
  13. What is so fascinating about Jan Vermeer's paintings?
    Vermeer brings us into the mood of the scene with his great sensitivity to color and light, his skill in using (and subtly altering) perspective to create depth, and his amazing ability to render textures.
  14. What techniques did Jan Vermeer use to paint surface appearances?
    He used a combination of impasto (thickly applied paint) and thin glazes.
  15. Where was Jan Vermeer born and lived for his whole life (43 year old when he died)?
    Delft, Holland
  16. What is the name of the painting by Jan Vermeer mentioned in the reading?
    The streets in Delft
  17. How does light effect texture?
    the way light falls on an object has a definite effect on the readability of the surface: when light hits an object, it strongly defines the texture of the object. If that same object is in shadow or dim light, the surface texture may be reduced or become imperceptible.
  18. what happens to texture when the light is right (bright enough and in the best position)?
    The texture becomes active and dominant.
  19. How might the surface appearance of an object change, depending on whether the light is from above or at an angle?
    Overhead, or light from above causes the texture to be smoothed out on top, strongly evident on the sides, and lost in the shadows below (creates shorter shadows and makes surface textures indistinct). Light from an angle like the late afternoon sun (Ideal light for dramatic outdoor photographs) emphasizes the texture of an object and causes strong shadows to be cast (lengthens and distorts shadows, calling attention to details of surface texture).
  20. How does bright light effect a highly polished surface?
    The light bounces off the surface and creates a glare.
  21. what might a artist use on a highly polished surface that creates a glare when in bright light.
    On surfaces that are smooth or finely textured, an artist might use indirect lighting to bring out their definition and character.
  22. What critical analysis of light helps an artist achieve the desired results for their designs.
    Artists sometimes test how materials look in various lighting situations.
  23. what is the most significant element in creating texture?
  24. What are all the materials artists use to express their ideas?
    paint, clay, cloth, wood, ink, glass, metal, and stone.
  25. what kind of texture is usually used in three- dimensional art?
    real textures
  26. Pottery that has been thrown or made on a wheel, usually has what type of surface?
    smooth, uniform
  27. what tools and procedures do potters use to create texture
    incise lines or draw into a piece. Before they fire or bake the clay, they might add glazes to produce a specific finish. some potters deliberately throw salt in the kiln during firing to pit the surface of the pottery
  28. How do sculptures achieve textural qualities?
    by selecting and combining materials with certain surface attributes. they also use tools to alter those surfaces. they might carve, gouge, sand, or polish the surface of wood, they might alter a metal surface by cutting, welding, rusting, or polishing.
  29. what is Italian sculptor Desiderio da Settignano known for,
    he sculpted "A little boy". He perfectly captured the smooth flesh of a young childs face using marble which is cold and hard.
  30. The woven basketry peace mentioned in the reading is what and who is the artist?
    Spell of the Green Lizard, by Carol Eckert
  31. What type of texture does most two dimensional art use? what is the exception?
    implied textures, which may be drawn, depicted in paint, or achieved by means of a print process. Textiles my be real or implied textures
  32. In drawing what tools might a artist use to portray textures?
    charcoal, ink, colored pencils, or pastels. might choose to work on paper that has a smooth or a coarse texture of its own.
  33. What is printmaking and how is it used to make implied texture?
    Involves transferring an image from a carved or etched surface onto paper. To create implied textures, print makers might use the grain of a wood cut, the sharp etched lines of a zinc plate or the uneven textures of a linoleum block.
  34. What techniques are used to apply implied texture in paintings?
    apply medium thinly or thickly or mix with wax and other substances. Thick, textured applications of paint create highly energetic forms that seem to leave the surface of the canvas.
  35. what tools can be used to apply paint to the canvas
    brushes, sponges, or palette knives, or b spraying or dripping
  36. what are people who produce textiles called?
    artisans or weavers
  37. What fabrics are still unparalleled and why?
    Early Egyptian fabrics are treasured for their finely woven materials
  38. textures, lines, shapes, forms, colors, values, and space: elements of design are unavoidable aspects of your environment and crucial to ____ and ____.
    interior design and exterior landscaping.
  39. Textures and all the other elements of design-are ________________.
    essential aspects of seeing
  40. Who directed the Guell Park project? Who executed it?
    Architect, Antonio Gaudi directed it, artist, Josep Jujol executed much of the detailed work such as the mosaic tiling of curved surfaces such as the bench. the tiles were broken and organically rejoined.
  41. What surrealist artist was inspired by the Guell Park artworks?
    Salvador Dali
  42. where is Guell Park located?
  43. Explain why light is important to how people see texture.
    Light affects the readability of a surface. Depending on the angle of the light source, shadows might define the surface texture. If the light is dim, texture may be difficult to see: if the light is very bright, the texture may seem to wash out in a glare.
  44. what are some methods artist use to create real texture
    adding grog to clay, incising, sanding, gouging, and polishing clay, stone, and wood
  45. Name a image that is an example of implied texture
    The streets of Delft by Jan Vermeer
  46. What type of subjects did Vermeer often paint? How did he add a sense of mystery or intrigue to his subjects?
    Vermeer painted ordinary scenes of people doing everyday tasks. He would add a sense of mystery by placing figures behind objects or viewing them through a doorway.
  47. What material did Gaudi use to create a colorful texture on the bench in Guell Park, Barcelona?
    Gaudi used ceramic tile mosaic to create the texture on the park bench
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