Government Vocab

  1. Ad hoc Structure
    Several subordinates, cabinet officers, and committees report directly to the president on different matters.
  2. Bully Pulpit
    The president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide or enthuse the American public.
  3. Cabinet
    The heads of the fifteen executive branch departments of the federal government.
  4. Circular Structure
    Several of the president's assistants report directly to him.
  5. Divided Government
    One party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress.
  6. Electoral College
    The people chosen to cast each state's votes in a presidential election. Each state can cast one electoral vote for each senator and representative it has. The District of Columbia has three electoral votes even though it cannot elect a representative or senator.
  7. Gridlock
    The inability of the government to act because rival parties control different parts of the government.
  8. Impeachment
    Charges against a president approved by a majority of the House of Representatives.
  9. Lame Duck
    A person still in office after he or she has lost a bid for re-election.
  10. Legislative Veto
    The authority of Congress to block a presdiential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power.
  11. Line-Item Veto
    The authority, held by many governors bu not by the president, to veto specific items in a bill without vetoing it in its entirety.
  12. Pocket Veto
    A bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within ten days before Congress adjourns.
  13. Pyramid Structure
    A president's subordinates report to him through a clear chain of command headed by a chief of staff.
  14. Unified Government
    The same party controls the White House and both houses of Congress.
  15. Veto Message
    A message from the president to Congress stating that he will not sign a bill it has passed. Must be produced within ten days of the bill's passage.
Card Set
Government Vocab
Chapter 14 Vocab