Unit 6 Vocab

  1. Anabolism
    a process in which simple substances are converted by the body’s cells into more complex substances
  2. Anemia
    a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells or hemoglobin
  3. Anorexia
    lack of appetite
  4. Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
    a measure of blood level of urea, the end product of protein metabolism
  5. Body Mass Index (BMI)
    indicates whether weight is appropriate for height
  6. Bulimia
    an uncontrollable compulsion to eat large amounts of food and then expel it by self-induced vomiting or by taking laxatives
  7. Cathartics
    drugs that induce defecation
  8. Catabolism
    a process in which complex substances are broken down into simpler substances (breakdown of tissue)
  9. Cholesterol
    a lipid that does not contain fatty acid but possesses many of the chemical and physical properties of other lipids
  10. Chyme
    digested products that leave the stomach through the small intestine and then pass through the ileocecal valve
  11. Constipation
    passage of small, dray, hard stool or passage of no stool for an abnormally long time
  12. Defecation
    expulsion of feces from the rectum and anus
  13. Diarrhea
    defecation of liquid feces and increased frequency of defecation
  14. Dysphagia
    difficulty or inability to swallow
  15. Enema
    a solution introduced into the rectum and sigmoid colon to remove feces and / or flatus
  16. Enteral
    through the gastrointestinal system
  17. Essential Amino Acids
    amino acids that cannot be manufactured in the body and must be supplied as part of the protein ingested in the diet
  18. Fatty Acid
    the basic structural units of most lipids made up of carbon chains and hydrogen
  19. Fecal Impaction
    a mass or collection of hardened, putty-like feces in the folds of the rectum
  20. Feces
    (stool) body wastes and indigested food eliminated from the bowel
  21. Flatulence
    the presence of excessive amounts of gas in the stomach or intestines
  22. Gastrocolic Reflex
    increased peristalsis of the colon after food has entered the stomach
  23. Gastrostomy
    an opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach
  24. Glycogen
    the chief carbohydrate stored in the body, particularly in the liver and muscles
  25. Hemorrhoid
    distended veins in the rectum
  26. Ideal Body Weight (IBW)
    the optimal weight recommended for optimal health
  27. Ileostomy
    an opening into the ileum (small bowel)
  28. Incomplete Protein
    protein that lacks one or more essential amino acids; usually derived from vegetable
  29. Jejunostomy
    an opening
  30. Laxative
    medications that stimulate bowel activity and assist fecal elimination
  31. Lipid
    organic substances that are greasy and insoluble in water but soluble in alcohol or ether
  32. Macronutrient
    refers to carbohydrates, fats, and protein because they are needed in large amounts to provide energy
  33. Meconium
    the first fecal material passed by the newborn, normally up to 24 hours after birth
  34. Micronutrient
    vitamins and minerals that are needed in small amounts to metabolize energy-providing nutrients
  35. Nasogastric tube
    a tube inserted by way of the nasopharynx and placed into the client’s stomach for the purpose of feeding the client or to remove gastric secretions
  36. Obese
    (obesity) when body mass index (BMI) is greater than 30 kg/m2
  37. PEG Tube
    (Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy) – feeding catheter inserted into the jejunum through the skin and subcutaneous tissues of the abdomen
  38. Peristalsis
    wavelike movements produced by circular and longitudinal muscle fibers of the intestinal walls; the movement propels the intestinal contents onward
  39. Regurgitation
    the spitting up or backward flow of undigested food
Card Set
Unit 6 Vocab
Unit 6 Interventions Vocab