1. Define leader.
    One who influences other to attain goals. The greater the number of followers, the greater the influence.
  2. Define leadership
    The ability to influence people toward the attainment of organizational goals.
  3. Define vision.
    A mental image of a possible and desirable future state of the organization.
  4. Define supervisory leadership.
    Behavior that provides guidance, support, and corrective feedback for day-to-day activities.
  5. Define strategic leadership.
    Behavior that gives purpose and meaning to organizations, envisioning and creating a positive future.
  6. Define power
    The ability to influence others.
  7. What are the 5 sources of power?
    • Expert
    • Referent
    • Legitimate
    • Reward
    • Coercive
  8. Define the trait approach.
    A leadership perspective that attempts to determine the personal characteristics that great leaders share
  9. Define behavioral approach.
    A leadership perspective that attempts to identify what good leaders do- that is, what behaviors they exhibit. Consideration vs. initiating structure
  10. Define employee centered leaders
    Established high supportive goals and displayed supportive behavior toward subordinates.
  11. Define job-centered leaders.
    Less concerned with goal achievement and human needs in favor of meeting schedules
  12. Define the laissez fair leadership philosophy.
    Characteristics by an absence of managerial decision making
  13. Define the situational approach.
    Leadership perspective proposing that universally important traits and behaviors do not exist, and that effective leadership behavior varies from situation to situation.
  14. Define Hersey and Blanchard's situational theory.
    A life-cycle theory of leadership postulating that a manager should consider an employee's psychological and job maturity before deciding whether task performance or maintenance behaviors are more important.
  15. Define job maturity.
    The level of the employee's skills and technical knowledge relative to the task being performed.
  16. Define psychological maturity.
    An employee's self-confidence and self-respect.
  17. Define charismatic leader.
    A person who is dominant, self- confident, convinced of the moral righteousness of the beliefs, and able to arouse a sense of excitement and adventure in followers.
  18. Define transformational leader
    A leader who motivates people to transcend their personal interests for the good of the group.
  19. Define transactional leaders.
    Leaders who manage through transactions, using their legitimate, reward, and coercive powers to give commands and exchange rewards for services rendered.
  20. Define level 5 leadership.
    A combination of strong professional will and humility that builds enduring greatness
  21. Define authentic leadership.
    A style in which the leader is true to himself or herself while leading.
  22. Define transformational leaders.
    Leaders who talk about positive change but allow their self-interest to take precedence over follower's needs
  23. Define servant leader.
    A leader who serves others' needs while strengthening the organization.
  24. Define bridge leaders.
    A leader who bridges conflicting value systems or different cultures.
  25. Define shared leadership.
    Rotating leadership, in which people rotate through the leadership role based on which person has the most relevant skills at a particular time.
  26. Define lateral leadership.
    Style in which colleagues at the same hierarchical level are invited to collaborate and facilitate joint problem solving.
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