What is Pre-Socratic?
not accepting traditional values and beliefs/using human reason and understanding
Thales said: Everything is water b/c of moistness
Who was Socrates?
He lived in Athens. Was the first of the three philosophers (Socrates, Plato, Aristostotle) Plato was a student of Socrates.
Who was Plato?
a friend of Socractes. wrote dialogues-wrote down Socractes ideas. philosophical ideas and concepts>main character=Socrates
Who was Aristsotle?
a student of Plato
Why should I be good?
ethics, morality, political, metaphysics-being on time/reality, and epistemology-philosophy of knowledge
what is metaphysics?
being on time/reality
What is epistemology?
philosophy of knowledge
Thrasymachus-diff ideas on justice than Socrates. His view is what?
absurd and contradictory
Sophists-taught people how to what?
how to "get off the hook" if they were ever involved in a crime"
persuasuion-this modifies what?
your behavior (ads)
argument-get's at what?
gets at the heart of the matter
Skepticism-Thrasymachus view>what was his view?
whoever is in power has the say what just is
speaking through/dia-through/logos-form of communication
justice is the advantage/interest of the what?
1)What is actually in the interest of the stronger?
2)What one believes to be in their interest
Injustice is more profitable than what?
someone who is knowledgeable of a subject wants to outdo those who are not knowledgeable
someone who is ignorant of a subject wants (tries) to outdo both what?
knowledgeable and the ignorant.
knowledgeable and virtuous>clever>good>wants to outdo those like who?
Is justice a good thing?
Is it good for it's own solve?
Is it good for consequneces?
Justice=city>largest political city
Justice=indiviudual>what reason do we have to be just?
What is the social contract theory?
Humans form a tight knit community
Division of state
need diff ppl to do diff things
Born into class status but can be what?
What is meritocracy?
Social mobility-unhappiness>education>structured to believe their place in world/ There is no what?
changed (bronze, silver, etc)
*placed in society to do certain tasks well
*no family unit
def. of justice?
Wisdom-Auxidres exhibit wisdom
justice-balance b/w what?
This acheives harmony which is what?
three diff levels of society.
everything is in it's place
Women were what in this society?
Reproduction is what?
Plato's view has often been called totalitorian which is what?
ruled by individual or group of indivduals who dictate all aspects of life.
Exam One review