CIS 100

  1. Kiosk
    an interactive computer terminal available for public use
  2. Laser Printer
    uses a laser to form dot-matrix patterns
  3. Ink- Jet Printer
    charged droplets of ink
  4. CRT Monitor
    cathode-ray tube: works by moving an electron beam back and forth across the back of the screen.
  5. Data
    individual facts, statistics, or items of information
  6. Information
    knowledge communicated
  7. Hardware
    the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical devices comprising a computer system, as the CPU, disk drives, keyboard, or screen.
  8. Green Computing
    environmentally sustainable computing
  9. Network
    a system containing any combination of computers
  10. Software
    the programs used to direct the operation of a computer
  11. Programmer
    a person who writes computer programs
  12. Server
    a computer that makes services available to workstations on a network
  13. Embedded Computer
    system that is part of a larger system and performs only peripheral functions
  14. Main Frame
    a large computer, often the hub of a system serving many users
  15. LCD Monitor
    monitor that uses LCD technologies
  16. Plasma Monitor
    (PDP) type of flat panel display. uses plasma cells
  17. Pixel
    basic unit of video screen image
  18. Resolution
    clarity of an image
  19. Optical Mouse
    mouse used on reflective pad
  20. Biometrics
    ID of somebody to electronic system i.e. eye scanner, finger scanner
  21. Input
  22. Output
  23. Binary system
    sequences of the digits 0 and 1
  24. Machine cycle
    fetch, decode, execute, and store
  25. CPU
    central processing unit
  26. Motherboard
    main circuit board of computer
  27. System Unit
    main unit of a personal computer
  28. ALU
    arithmetic logic unit
  29. System Clock
    synchronizes the tasks in a computer
  30. ASCII
    computer data exchange standard
  31. Volatile Memory
    memory that requires power
  32. Nonvolatile Memory
    memory that can retain the stored information without powered
  33. RAM
    (Random Access Memory) store information that is currently in use
  34. Memory Cache
    fast RAM
  35. Access Time
    the time a computer takes to locate and retrieve data
  36. Backup
    copying files so that they will be preserved in case of equipment failure
  37. Capacity
    the maximum amount that can be held
  38. Cloud Storage
    online storage
  39. Disk Controller
    circuit which allows the CPU to communicate with disk drives
  40. Optical Disk
    computer disk read by laser
  41. RAID
    (redundant array of independent disks) is a way of storing the same data in different places
  42. Ripping
    copying audio or video content to a hard disk
  43. Tape Drive
    data storage device that reads and writes data on a magnetic tape
  44. Hard Disk
    disk inside a computer that holds a large quantity of data and programs
  45. Modem
    device connecting computers via phone line
  46. T1 Line
    specific type of telephone line that can carry more data than normal lines
  47. Cable
    group of wires for transmitting electrical signals that are bound together
  48. DSL
    high-speed telephone line
  49. Netiquette
    "Internet etiquette”
  50. Internet
    network that links computer networks by satellite and telephone
  51. WWW
    World Wide Web- online
  52. ISP
    Internet Service Provider
  53. IP Address
    informal term used by cable and DSL Internet access subscribers
  54. Browser
    software used to search for information on the internet
  55. Website Broadband
    telecommunications signal of greater bandwidth
  56. Internet Backbone
    principal data routes between large networks and core routers in the Internet
  57. FTP
    transfer files to and from another over a network such as the Internet
Card Set
CIS 100
Computers class. Midterm vocab