Embalming I

  1. FTC & Embalming
    • it's a deceptive act or practice to represent that state or local law requirs that a deceased person be embalmed when such is not the case
    • it's deceptive act or practice to fail to disclose that embalming is not required by law, except in certain special cases
  2. you must not represent that embalming is required for:
    • direct cremation
    • immediate burial
    • closed casket without viewing
    embalming may be necessary if you select certain funeral arrangements, such as a funeral with viewing, etc., etc.
  4. embalmers are twice as likely to have a positive
    TB test when compared to other funeral home employers
  5. 39% of embalmers reported a needle stick within the
    last 12 months
  6. 11% of embalmers reported a cut with
    a scalpel withing the last 12 months
  7. Nosocomial Infections (or disease)
    acquired while in the hospital
    • MRSA
    • VRSA
    • VRE
  8. MRSA
    (methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus)
    a pathological bacterial staph infection most commonly found in hospitals & nursing homes
  9. VRSA
    (vancomycin resistant staphylococcus aureus)
    affects patients with diabetes and kidney disease
  10. VRE
    (vancomycin resistant enterococci)
    • found in open wounds and feces associated with invasive devices
    • catheters/colostomy bags/feeding tubes/naso gastric tubes
  11. other contagious diseases
    • HIV
    • TB
    • Hepatitis
    • TSE
  12. TB
    (mycobacterium tuberculosis)
    capable of infecting almost any organ/multi drug resistant commonly affects respiratory system/ respiratory TB is spread through nasal-oral discharge and sputum
  13. Hepatitis
    • inflammation of the liver/caused by several viruses
    • hep A & E are transmited by the fecal-oral route
    • immunizations are available for B & A
  14. TSE
    (transmissible spongiform encephalopathy)
    • transmissible spongiform encephalopathy- a collection of diseases all caused by prions, and charcterized by "spongy" brain tissue (riddled with holes), impaired locomotion or coordination, and a 40 out of 40 fatality rate. Includes bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad cow disease) scrapie and kuru among others.
    • *fatal disease cause by a prion/no RNA, no DNA/smaller than a virus difficult if not impossible to destroy, it's found in cerebrospinal fluid
  15. Kuru
    a TSE associated with cannibalism in New Guinea
  16. creutzfeldt-jacob disease(CJD)
    the human version of mad cow disease
  17. Cattle/TSE
    bovine spongiform encephalopathy
  18. sheep and goats/TSE
  19. deer & elk/TSE
    chronic wasting disease
  20. the egyptian period
    3200 BC -650 AD
  21. The period of the anatomists
    650 AD to 1861 AD
  22. The Modern Period
    1861 AD to present
  23. natural preservation
    • without the deliberate intervention of humans
    • freezing/dry cold/ dry heat/ compostion of the soil at place of interment
  24. artifical preservation
    • the deliberate action of humans
    • simple heat/ simple immersion/cemical or mineral powders
    • evisceration & immersion/ evisceration and drying/evisceration, local incision & immersion
    • arterial injection & evisceration/ cavity injection & immersion/arterial injection & cavity treatment
    • artifical cold (cryonics)
    • freeze dry
  25. brief summary of embalming
    • vascular embalming
    • cavity embalming
    • hypodermic embalming
    • surface embalming
  26. vascular (aterial) embalming
    the use of the blood vascular system of the body for temporary preservation, disinfection and embalming solutions into the arteries and drainage from the veins
  27. cavity embalming
    direct treatment, other than vascular (arterial) injection, of the contents of the body cavities and the lumina of the hollow viscera; usually accomplished by aspiration and injection of chemicals using a trocar
  28. decay
    decompostion of protiens by enzymes of aerobic bacteria. a drying out
  29. hypodermic embalming
    injection of embalming chemicals directly intothe tissues through the use of a syringe and needle or a trocar
  30. topical or surface embalming
    direct contact of body tissues with embalming chemicals. (using liquids, powder, gel)
  31. embalming involves
    • disinfection
    • temporary preservation
    • restoration
    • "to disinfect & preserve"
  32. disinfection
    destruction and/or inhibition of most pathogenic organisms and their products in or on the body
  33. temporary presevation
    a change of body proteins so they become somewhat stabilized, their water sensitivity is decreased and they have resistance, to proteolytic enzymes (protein destruction), of both and autolytic (self destruction) and microbial types
Card Set
Embalming I
Embalming I