Ap Euro Ch 12

  1. Huguenots
    French Protestants.
  2. Henry of Navarre
    • Brilliant politique king of France who brought the religious wars to a
    • close.

    • He passed the Edict of Nantes, which helped bring tranquility to
    • the state.

    • He purified the Catholic League by making France a Catholic
    • country that tolerated Huguenots, although he was Protestant.
  3. Peace of Beaulieu
    • Passed by Henry III. Allowed Huguenots full religious and civil
    • freedoms.

    Pressure from the Catholic League forced him to shorten it.
  4. Philip II
    King of Spain and a devout Catholic. Under his reign, Spain became a world power. Spain reached the peak of its influence as he directed explorations around the globe, prompting Spanish colonization.
  5. Pacification of Ghent
    • A union between Catholic provinces and Protestant provinces against
    • Spain. It declared internal regional sovereignty in matters of relgion.
  6. Treaty of Westphalia
    This treaty brought all hostilities within the Holy Roman Empire to an end. Rescinded Ferdinand's Edict of Restitution.
  7. Act of Supremacy
    This act repealed all the anti-Protestant legislation of Mary Tudor and asserted Elizabeth's right as "supreme governor" over both spiritual and temporal affairs.
  8. Four periods of war
    Bohemian, Danish, Swedish, and Swedish-French
  9. Peace of Prague
    German Protestant states, led by Saxony, reached a compromise with Ferdinand with this treaty.
  10. Henry II
    Husband of Catherine de Medici. King during the end of the Habsburg-Valois War. Catherine passed the Edict of Chateaubriand.
  11. Catherine de Medici
    Wife of Henry II. Powerful queen of France who ruthlessly played the Huguenots and Guises against each other to expand influence.
  12. St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
    This occurred when Catherine de Medici and the Guise family made an attempt on Coligny's life. When it failed,a nervous Catherine convinced Charles IX that a Huguenot coup was a foot. The execution of several thousand Huguenots was ordered.
  13. William of Orange
    An exile in Germany, he emerged as the leader of a broad movement for the Netherlands' independence from Spain.
  14. Elizabeth I
    She helped England recover from the bellicose reign of Mary I, her successor. She firmly established Protestantism, encouraged English enterprise and commerce, and took a strong stand against Spain.
  15. Francis I
    King during the Habsburg-Valois Wars. He was captured by Charles V at the battle of Pavia. Anti-Protestant.
  16. Guises
    Militant Catholic family of France. They were a major influence on the French wars of relgion.
  17. Francis II
    Eldest son of Henry II, husband of Mary Queen of Scots. Huguenots tried to kidnap him in the Conspiracy of Amboise.
  18. Edict of Restitution
    Ferdinand of Bohemia ordered the return of all Catholic property seized by Protestants since 1552. Nullified by the Treaty of Wesphalia.
  19. Treaty of Westphalia
    This treaty brought all hostilities within the Holy Roman Empire to an end. Rescinded Ferdinand's Edict of Restitution.
  20. Mary I
    A devout Catholic queen. She married Philip II of Spain, upsetting English
  21. Union of Arras
    A union of southern provinces that made peace with Spain.
  22. Bourbons
    French Protestant family with much influence on the French wars of religion. Louis de Conde was their leader.
  23. Edict of Nantes
    Passed by Henry IV. Allowed Huguenots public worship, right of assembly, admission to public offices and universities, and permission to maintain fortified towns. Exercised within their own townsand territories.
  24. Duke of Alba
    Philip of Spain dispatched this man to suppress the Dutch revolt.
  25. Union of Utrecht
    Northern provinces created this in response to the union of Arras.
Card Set
Ap Euro Ch 12