Art appreciation Test 1

  1. Fertile Ribbon
    the land around the Nile river
  2. Pharoh
    An Egyptian King
  3. Vizier
    the second in charge to the Pharoh
  4. Howard Carter
    Discovered King Tut's Tomb in 1922
  5. King Tut
    Egyptian King, his tomb is the only tomb that was still intact, found by Howard Carter, his tomb has taught us alot about the Ancient Egyptians
  6. Pyramid
    A tomb, was only made for one person and their belongings
  7. Mortuary Temple
    Building in which Pharohs worshipped, and would one day be worshiped as Demi-Gods
  8. Sphinx
    Has the body of a lion, and the head of a king or God, symbolizes strength and wisdom
  9. sarcophagus
    stone coffin, usually more than one for kings and queens
  10. The Valley of the Kings
    Held the Rock-Cut Tombs, where kings were buried, including King Tut
  11. The Book of the Dead
    Was a book of writings that were placed in tombs to let the dead know what to say and not say once they were in the after life
  12. The Red land
    what they called the dessert around the them that could not be cultivated
  13. The Black land
    What they called the land around the Nile River, that could be cultivated
  14. Carnelian
    red orange translucent gemstone, was used on sarcophagouses
  15. Lapis-lazuli
    Deep blue colored gemstone
  16. Turquoise
    Light blue, green gemstone, used for
  17. Nile
    longest river, located in Africa, flows through Uganda, Sudan, and Egypt
  18. Elements of Design
    basic concepts
    Line, Shape/form, Texture, Color, Size, Space, Value
  19. 4 kinds of shape
    Geometric, Organic, Anthropomorphic, Free Form
  20. 3 kinds of Art
    • Fine Arts,
    • Useful Arts
    • Environmental Arts
  21. Purposes of art
    • Religion
    • Politics
    • Design of Useful Objects
    • Humor
  22. Why is art important
    It defines us as human beings
  23. Geometric
    • All have names and rules
    • i.e
    • 4 sides=Square
  24. Organic
    Look like plants or animals
  25. Anthropornor
    • looks or reminds of human form,
    • Pillsbury Dough Boy
  26. Free Form
    looks Random
  27. Amount of hues
    there are 12 different hues
  28. Intensity is the same as?
  29. Tints
  30. Tone
  31. Shade
  32. nuetrals
    • Black any metallics
    • Grey any wood
    • White
    • Brown
    • Tan
    • Beige
  33. 2 parts of paint
    • Pigment-coloring agent
    • Binder-usually mineral
  34. 3 Aspects of Color Knowledge
    • Physical
    • Psychological
    • Cultural
  35. Compliments
    Any 2 colors sitting directly from each other on the color wheel
  36. Cool Colors
    • Blues greens purples
    • color of things that are cool to the touch
  37. Warm Colors
    • things that are warm to the touch
    • reds oranges yellows
  38. Black
    mysterious, shows respect, sophistication
  39. Green
  40. White
    purity, cleanliness
  41. Purple
  42. Red
    danger, romantic love
  43. Primary Colors
    • Red
    • Blue
    • Yellow
  44. Secondary Colors
    • The colors that are made by combining the primary colors
    • Green
    • Orange
    • Violet
  45. Tertiary or third group
    • colors made by the secondary colors
    • yellow green
    • blue green
    • red violet
    • blue violet
    • red orange
    • yellow orange
  46. definition of color
    the property of light reflected off a surface in the form of a particular visible wave length and perceived as a hue in the spectrum
  47. red clay is caused by?
    iron oxide content
  48. things used for binders at one point
    • water
    • oil
    • egg yolk
  49. Color Schemes
    (color Harmonies)
    • monochromatic
    • simple compliment
    • double compliment
    • triad
    • analogous
  50. Monochromatic
    one hue
  51. Simple Compliment
    two opposite hues
  52. Double Compliment
    2 hues side by side and their opposites
  53. Triad or triadic
    any 3 hues that are equally away from each other
  54. Analogous
    any 3 or more hues sitting side by side
  55. Hunter-gatherers
    people that gathered their own game, berries, etc
  56. Lascaux
    found in France, a cave that Ice Age art has been found, mostly large animals
  57. Altamira
    found in Spain, a cave, Ice age art found, mostly large animals
  58. what kind of images were found in lascaux and altamira
    • wild horses
    • cattle
    • deer
    • bison
  59. why we think the paintings were used for rituals
    3 reasons
    • where the carving were placed- deep in caves
    • there are mostly of what they were going to hunt-large animals, few predators
    • marks found-may have been from spears that had been thrown at the paintings to get hyped
  60. Ice Age
    long ago, people invented all the major art forms
  61. Fertility Figures
    stone carvings of what looked like very pregnant women,
  62. Materials for color
    • Kaolin
    • Chalk
    • Charcoal
    • hematite
  63. Chalk
    • whitish color used for painting
    • natural white
  64. Charcol
    mangonize oxide, burnt wood, used for black
  65. Hematile
    • iron oxide,
    • or red ocher
    • used for red color
  66. Civilization
    city dwelling
  67. Mesopotamia
    "land between the rivers"
  68. Fertile Cresent
    land between tigris and Euphrates River
  69. Cuneiform
    Wedge shaped writing, ancient sumar
  70. 8 Things that Mesopotamian people invented
    • Agriculture
    • Irigation
    • The Wheel
    • Beer
    • Centralized Government
    • Cities
    • Writing
    • Written Law
  71. Pantheon
    List of Gods and Goddesses worshiped by any culture
  72. How long did Ancient Egypt last
    2000 Years
  73. Reasons why we know so much about ancient egypt
    3 reasons
    • we can read their writing
    • we found King Tuts Tomb
    • The paintings on the Pharoh's tomb walls
  74. Hieroglyphics
    • means writing that combines symbols for things and sounds
    • was not only used by egyptians
  75. Rock-Cut Tombs
    • tombs that were found in the Valley of the Kings
    • Cut out of Rock or stone
  76. what did the paintings on the egyptian walls show
    daily life
  77. Gemstones Ancient Egyptians used
    • lapis-Lazuli
    • turquoise
    • Carnelian
  78. Canon
    • Rule or long accepted practice
    • i.e.
    • Men painted redish brown
    • women painted cream or light brown
  79. What did egyptian buildings made of
    Mud brick
  80. Valley of the queens
    place where queens were buried
  81. 3 seasons of A.E.
    • Flood
    • receding of the waters
    • dry season
  82. why did they have animal heads
    because their religion developed from nature worship
  83. Aesthetics
    • branch of philosophy that deals with
    • What is Beauty?
    • What things are beautiful?
  84. Texture
    surface quality in and object
  85. Size
    • large-important
    • small-precious or fragile
  86. Space
    • positive
    • negative
  87. Value
    • darkness
    • lightness
    • i.e
    • pink is a value of red
  88. Line
    • Horizontal
    • diagonal
    • vertical
Card Set
Art appreciation Test 1
Vocab and concepts from the first test