3 Ending Adj. of the 1st and 2nd Declensions Masculine:
3 Ending Adj. of the 1st and 2nd Declensions Feminine:
3 Ending Adj. of the 1st and 2nd Declensions Neuter:
-ῳ~ν - οῖς
2 Ending Adj. of the 2nd Declension Masc/Femin and Neut:
M/F: ος, ου, ῳ, ον, ε, οι, ων, οις, ους
Neu: ον, ου, ῳ, ον, ον, α, ων, οις, α
Adjectives agree in:
gender, number, case
What is the predicate position of an adjective?
Where an adjective agrees with a noun accompanied by the article, but it itself is not preceded by the article. Translated with linking verb "is" or "are" = nominal sentences. Nominal sentences are complete when not in attributive position. The subject usually has the article, but the predicate noun does not.
What is a conditional sentence?
It consists of two statements. One makes an assumption; the other follows from that assumption (If then statements). Assumption = protasis, conclusion= apodosis.
[No verb in a conditional sentence can be translated until the type of conditional sentence is identified!]
What are the 6 types of conditional sentences?
- Future more vivid
- Future less vivid
- Present general
- Past general
- Present contrafactual
- Past contrafactual
Protasis: ἐαν (if..) + subjunctive
Apodosis: Future Indicative
Translation: Does/ will do
Ex: If he sends a messenger, they will stop the battle.
Protasis: εἰ (if..) + optative
Apodosis: optative + ἄν
Translation: should do/ would do
Ex: if he should send a messenger, they would stop the battle.
Define Present General:
Protasis: ἐαν + subjunctive
Apodosis: present indicative
Ex: If he sends a messenger, they stop the battle
Define Past General:
Protasis: εἰ + optative
Apodosis: imperfect indicative
Ex: If he sent a messenger, they stopped the battle
Define Present Contrafactual:
Protasis: εἰ + imperfect indicative
Apodosis: imperfect indicative + ἄν
Translation: were doing/would be doing
Ex: If he were sending a mess..., the would be stopping..