Crim Organizations

  1. What is the definition of a gang? Three criteria
    • No set definition
    • Varies by agency
    • Three criteria: Recognized by neighborhood as a gang, Recognize themselves as a gang, Be involved in criminal activity.
  2. What is migration and proliferation?
    • Migration: gangs are spreading
    • Proliferation: Gangs are growing
  3. Types of gang memberships
    • Leader: constantly changes, function of the group, not the individual
    • Regular “hardcore” members: older, attached to gang, violent, make most of key decisions for gang, in and out of report. (Respect.)
    • Associates: strong attachment, but have interests outside the gang, participates less.
    • Recruits: preteen yrs, emulate gang, waiting for opportunity to prove themselves to be accepted into the gang.
    • At-risk members: live in gang neighborhood, shown interest in gangs.
    • Auxiliary members: often girls, limited responsibilities.
  4. Three R's of gang culture
    • Respect
    • Retaliation/Revenge
    • Reputation
  5. Two types of organizational structure
    • Horizontal: cut across different neighborhoods.
    • Vary in age.
    • More structured.
    • Vertical: characterized by common territory
    • Members are grouped according to age.
    • Neighborhood gangs
  6. Graffiti
    • The ways gangs communicate.
    • Claim territory
    • Little art
    • Threats are made
    • Boasting about gang
    • Letters, numbers, symbols.
  7. Tagging
    • Not gang related
    • Artistic
    • No territory or threats
    • Fame value: done in dangerous places.
  8. Recruitment strategies
    • Fraternity: person is led to believe it’s the “in” thing to do.
    • Obligation: Person is made to believe they are their community.
    • Coercive: Psychological or physical. When they need members and need them to generate money or gang wars.
    • Seduction: Create glorified myths of gangs, making it attractive to young people.
    • Subterfuge: Gangs will ID certain people, misrepresent gang (“it’s a club”), convince them the gang will love them.
  9. Entrepreneurial qualities
    • They’ve a strong desire to accumulate money, ability to plan, ability to take risks.
    • They’d be great business people if they weren’t devoting their entrepreneurial qualities to crime.
  10. Initiation phrases
    • Depends on sophistication.
    • Jumped in: group beats on you/beaten down
    • Turned in: Forced to have sex w/ multiple partners (girls)
  11. Leaving
    • Walking away
    • Jumped out: Beaten
    • Trained out: Sex with multiple partners
  12. As a community, what can we do to address the issue of gangs?
    • Multifaceted approach
    • Try to understand gang culture, why they join, the risk factors.
    • Strengthen ties to community, parents/families, help with jobs.
    • Social control theory.
Card Set
Crim Organizations
Crim Organizations