Health Psychology

  1. Acute disorders
    Illnesses or other medical problems that occur over a short time, that are usually the result of an infectious process, and that are reversible
  2. BioBiomedical model
    The viewpoint that illlness can be explained on the basis of aberrant somatic processes and that psychological and social processes are largely independent of the disease process, the dominant model in medical practice untill recently
  3. Biopsychosocialmodel
    The view that biological, psychology and social factors are all involved in any given state of health or illness
  4. Chronic illnesses
    Illnesses that are long lasting and usually irreversible
  5. Conversion hysteria
    The viewpoint, originally advanced by Frued, that specific unconscious conflicts can produce physical disturbances symbolic of the repressed conflicts, no longer a dominant viewpoint of psychology
  6. Correlational research
    Measuring two variables and determining whether they are associated with each other.
  7. Epidemiology
    The study of the frequency, distrabution, and causes of infectious and noninfectious disease in a population, based on an investigation of the pyhsical and social enviornment
  8. Etiology
    The original causes of an illness
  9. Health
    The absence of illness or disease, coupled with the compete state of physical, psychological and social well-being
  10. Health psychology
    The subfield of psychology devoted to the understanding of psychological influences on health, illness, and responses to those states
  11. Lontitudinal research
    The repeated observation of and measurement of the same individuals over a period of time
  12. Mind-body relationship
    The philosophical position regarding whether the mind and body operate indistinguishably as a single system or rather to seperate and indipendent systems
  13. Morbidity
    The number of cases of a disease thatexist at a given point in time
  14. Mortality
    The number deaths due to due to particular causes
  15. Prospective research
    A research strategy in which people are followed forward in time to examine the relationship between one set of variables and later occurrences
  16. Psychosomatic medicine
    A field within psychiatry, related to health psychology, that developed in the early 1900's to study and treat particular disease believed to be caused by emotional conflicts, such as ulcers and hypertension, and asthma. The term is nowused more broadly to mean an approach to health related problems and disease that examines psychological as well as somatic origins
  17. Randomized clinical trials
    An experimental study of the effects of a variable administered to human subjects who are randomly selected from a braod population and assigned on a random basis to wither and experimental condition or a control condition
  18. Retrospective research
    A research strategy whereby people are studied for the relationship between past variables or conditions to current ones.
  19. Systems theory
    The view that all levels of an organization in any entity are linked to each otherhierarchically and that any change in any level will bring about change in other levels
  20. Wellness
    an optimum state if health achieved through balance among physical, psychological and socail well-being
Card Set
Health Psychology
Chapters 1-6 key terms