AP Composition Vocab Words

  1. Abide-Verb
    • -To wait for: await
    • -To endure without yielding
    • -To bear patiently: tolerate
    • -To accept without objection
    • -To remain stable or fixed in a state
  2. Adverse-Adjective
    • -Acting against or in a contrary direction: hostile
    • -Opposed to one's interests
    • -Causing harm
  3. Arbitrary-Adjecive
    • -Depending on individual discretion and not fixed by law
    • -Not restrained or limited in the exercise of power: ruling by absolute authority
    • -Based on or determined by indivdual preference or convience rather than by necessity or the intrinsic nature of something
    • -Exsisting or coming about seemingly at random or by chance
  4. Conciliatory-Adjective
    • -Tending to overcome the distrust or hostility of, to placate or win over
    • -Tending to win, gain, or make compatible
  5. Confidant-Noun
    -One to whom secrets are entrusted
  6. Deter-Verb
    -To turn aside, discourage, or prevent from acting
  7. Diffident-Adjective
    -Hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of seld-confidence
  8. Elusive-Adjective
    • -Tending to evade grasp or pursuit
    • -Hard to comprehend or define
    • -Hard to isolate or identify
  9. Exasperate-Verb & Sdjective
    • -To excite the anger of: enrage
    • -To cause irritation or annoyance to
    • -To make more grievous

    • -Irritated or annoyed, especially to the piont of injudicious action
    • -Roughened with irregular prickles or elevations
  10. Exculpate-Verb
    -To clear from alleged fault or guilt
  11. Gullible-Adjective
    -Easily duped or cheated
  12. Incorrigible-Adjective
    • -Incapable of being corrected or amended
    • -Not reformable: depraved, delinquet
    • -Not manageable: unruly
    • -Unalterable, inveterate
  13. Incredulous-Adjective
    • -Unwilling to admit or accept what is offered as true
    • -Skeptical
  14. Indelible-Adjective
    • -Cannot be removed, eashed away or erased
    • -Making marks that cannot be easily removed
    • -Lasing, unforgettable
  15. Monolithic-Adjective
    • -Huge, massive
    • -Formed or composed of material without joints or seams
    • -Constituting a massive undifferentiated and often rigid whole
    • -Exhibiting or characerized by often rigidly fixed uniformity
  16. Nuance-Noun
    • -Shade of color
    • -A subtle distiction or variation
    • -A subtle quality
    • -Sensibility to, awareness of, or ability to express delicate shadings(of meaning, feeling, or value)
  17. Obdurate-Adjective
    • -Stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing
    • -Hardened in feeling
    • -Resistant to persuasion or doftening influences
    • -Inflexible
  18. Precipitate-Verb & Noun & Adjective
    • -To throw violently: hurl
    • -To throw down
    • -To bring about abruptly
    • -To cause to seperate from solution or suspension

    -A product, result, or outcome of some process or action

    • -Falling, flowing, or rushing with steep descent
    • -Exhibiting violent or unwise speed
  19. Prosaic-Adjective
    • -A characteristic of prose as distinguished from poetry
    • -Dull, unimaginative
    • -Everyday, ordinary
  20. Pugnacious-Adjective
    -Having a quarrelsome or combative nature
  21. Reprehensible-Adjective
    • -Having or deserving of censure
    • -Culpable
  22. Tenable-Adjective
    -Capable of being held, maintained, or defended
  23. Transcendent-Adjective
    • -Exceeding usual limits, surpassing
    • -Extending or lying beyond the limits of ordinary experience
    • -Being beyond the limits of all possible experience and knowledge
    • -Being beyond comprehension
    • -Transcending the universe or material existence
  24. Voluminous-Adjective
    • -Consisting of many folds, coils, or convolutions, winding
    • -Having or marked by great volume or bulk, large
    • -Numerous
    • -Filling or capable of filling a large volume or several volumes
    • -Writing or speaking much or at a great legnth
  25. Abstain-Verb
    -To refrain deliberately and often with an effort of self denial from an action or practice
  26. Altruistic-Adjective
    • -Characterized by unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others
    • -Characterized by behavior by an animal that is not beneficial to or may be harmful to itself but that benefits others of its species
  27. Assiduous-Adjective
    -Marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application
  28. Concise-Adjective
    • -Marked by brevity of expression or statement, free from all elaboration and superfluous detail
    • -Cut short, brief
  29. Repulse-Verb & Noun
    • -To drive or beat back; repel
    • -To repel by discourtesy, coldness, or denial
    • -To cause repulsion in

    • -Rebuff; rejection
    • -The actions of repeeling an attacker: the fact of being repelled
  30. Dimintive-Adjective
    • -Indicating small size and sometimes the state or quality of being familiarly known, loveable, pitable, or contemptible- used of affixes such as -ette, -kin, -ling, and words formed with them(kitchenette, manikin, duckling)
    • -Exceptionally notable or small
  31. Inexorable-Adjective
    -Not to be persuaded or moved by entreaty, relentless
  32. Wan-Adjective & Verb
    • -Suggestive of poor health: sickly, pallid
    • -Lacking vitality: feeble
    • -Dim, faint

    -To grow or become pale or sickly
  33. Precocious-Adjective
    • -Exceptionally early in development or occurence
    • -Exhibiting mature qualities at an unusually early age
  34. Discern-Verb
    • -To seperate, distinguish between
    • -To detect with the eyes
    • -To detect with other senses other than vision
    • -To recognize and identify as seperate and distinct
    • -To see or understand the difference
  35. Quell-Verb & Noun
    -To thoroughly overwhem or reduce to submission or passivity

  36. Indiscriminate-Adjective
    • -Not marked by careful distinction, deficent in discrimination and discernment
    • -Haphazard, random
    • -Promiscuous, unrestrained
    • -Heterogeneous, motely
  37. Preclude-Verb
    • -To make impossible by necessary consequence
    • -Rule out in advance
  38. Expedite-Verb
    • -To execute promptly
    • -To accelerate the process or progress of: speed up
    • -Issue, dispatch
  39. Disclose-Verb
    • -To expose to view
    • -To make known or public
  40. Abstract-Adjective
    • -Disassociated from any specific instance
    • -Difficult to understand
    • -Insufficently factual
    • -Having only intrinsic form with little or no attempt at pictorial representation
  41. Thwart-Verb
    • -To run counter to so as to effectively oppose or baffle
    • -To oppose successfully: defeat the hopes ot aspirations of
    • -To pass through or across
  42. Enigma-Noun
    • -An obscure speech or writing
    • -Something hard to understand or explain
    • -An inscrutable or mysterious person
  43. Reciprocate-Verb
    • -To give and take mutually
    • -To return in kind or degree
    • -To make a return for something
    • -To mave forward and backward alternately
  44. Conjecture-Noun
    • -To throw together
    • -Interpretation of omens
    • -Supposition
    • -Inference from defective or presumptive evidence before it has been proved or disproved
  45. Hamlet-Noun
    -A small village
  46. Querulous-Adjective
    • -Habitually complaining
    • -Fretful, whining
  47. Amicable-Adjective
    -Characterized by friendly goodwill, peaceable
  48. Harbinger-Noun
    • -A person sent ahead to provide lodgings
    • -One that pioneers in or initiates a major change: precursor
    • -One that presages or foreshadows what is to come
  49. Transient-Adjective & Noun
    • -Passing especially quickly into and out of exstence: transitory
    • -Passing through or by a place with only a brief stay or sojourn
    • -Affecting something or producing results beyond itself

    • -One that is a guest
    • -A person travelling about usually in search of work
    • -A temporary oscillation that occurs in a circuit because of a sudden change of voltage or load
  50. Timorous-Adjective
    • -A timid dispostion, fearful
    • -Expressing or suggesting timidity
  51. Indigenous-Adjective
    • -Having originated in and being produced, growing, living, or ocurring naturally in a particuale region or enviroment
    • -Innate, inborn
  52. Expropriate-Verb
    • -To deprive of pocession or propriety rights
    • -To transfer the property of another to one's own pocession
  53. Indomitable-Adjective
    -Incapable of being subdued: unconquerable
  54. Eminent-Adjective
    • -Standing out so to be readily percieved or noted: conspicuous
    • -Jutting out: projecting
    • -Exhibiting eminence especially in standing above others in some quality or postion: prominent
  55. Nefarious-Adjective
    -Flagantly wicked or impious: evil
  56. Inherent-Adjective
    -Involved in the constitution or essential character of something: belong by nature or habit: intrinsic
  57. Oligarchy-Noun
    • -Government by the few
    • -A govenrment in which a small group exercises control, especially for corrupt and selfish putposes
  58. Inexhaustible-Adjective
    • -Not exhaustible
    • -Incapable of being used up
    • -Incapable of being wearied or worn out
  59. Condolence-Noun
    • -Sympathy with another in sorrow
    • -An expression of sympathy
  60. Onerous-Adjective
    • -Involving, imposing, or constituting a burden: troublesome
    • -Having legal obligations that outweigh the advantages
  61. Innocous-Adjective
    • -Producing no injury: harmless
    • -Not likely to give offense or to arouse srong feelings or hostility: inoffensive, insipid
  62. Astute-Adjective
    -Having or showing shrewdness or perspicacity
  63. Punctilious-Adjective
    -Concerned about precise accordance with the details of codes or conventions
  64. Transgress-Verb
    • -To go beyond the limits set or prescribed by: violate
    • -To pass beyond or go over a limit or boundary
    • -To violate a command or law: sin
  65. Innate-Adjective
    • -Exsisitng in, belonging to, or determinded by factors present in an individual from birth: native, innborn
    • -Belonging to the essential nature of something: inherent
    • -Orginating in or derived from the mind or the constitution of the intellect rather than from experience
  66. Respite-Noun
    • -A period of temporary delay: reprieve
    • -An interval of rest or relief
  67. Exonerate-Verb
    • -To unburden
    • -To relieve of a responsibility, obligation, or hardship
    • -To clear from accusation or blame
  68. Conjugal-Adjective
    -Of or relating to the married state or to married persons and their relations
  69. Digress-Verb
    -To turn aside, especially from the main subject of attention or course of arguement
  70. Myraid-Noun & Adjective
    -A great number

    • -Innumerable
    • -Having innumerable aspects or elements
  71. Winesome-Adjective
    • -Generally pleasing and engaging often because of a childlike charm and innocence
    • -Cheerful, gay
  72. Exploitatiob-Noun
    -An act or instance of making us eof something meanly on unjustly for one's own advantage
  73. Zealous-Adjective
    -Filled with or characterized by eagerness and ardent intrest in pursuit of something
  74. Trite-Adjective
    • -Hackneyed or boring from much use
    • -Not fresch or original
  75. Tortuous-Adjective
    • -Marked by repeated twists, neds, or twists: winding
    • -Marked by devious or indirect tatics: crooked, tricky
    • -Circuitous
  76. Reticent-Adjective
    • -Inclined to be silent or uncommunicative in speech: reserved
    • -Restrained in expression, presentation, or apperance
    • -Reluctant
  77. Rejoinder-Noun
    • -A defendant's answer to the plantiff's replication
    • -An answer to a reply
  78. Refute-Verb
    • -To prove wrong by arguement or evidence: show to be false or erroneous
    • -To deny the truth or accuracy of
  79. Prelude-Noun & Verb
    • -An introductory performance, action, or event preceding or preparing for the principal or more important matter
    • -A musical section or movement introducing the theme or chief subject or seving as an introduction to an opera or oratario
    • -An opening voluntary
    • -A seperate concert piece usually for piano ot orchestra and based entirely on a short motif

    • -To give or serve as a prelude to
    • -To play a musical introduction
  80. Ostentatious-Adjective
    -Marked by or fond of conspicuous or vainglorious and sometimes pretentious display
  81. Opulent-Adjective
    • -Exhibiting or characterized by opulence
    • -Having a large estate or property: wealthy
    • -Amply or plentifully provided or fashioned often to the point of ostentation
  82. Nettle-Verb & Noun
    • -To sting or strike as if with nettles
    • -To arouse to sharb by transitory annoyance or anger

    • -Any of a genus of chiefly course herbs armed with stinging hairs
    • -Any of the various prickly or stinging palnts other than the true nettles
  83. Inundate-Verb
    • -To cover with a flood: overflow
    • -Overwhelm
  84. Intuitive-Adjective
    • -Known or percieved ny intution: directly apprehended
    • -Knowable by intuition
    • -Knowing or percieving by intuition
    • -Processing or given to intuition or insight
  85. Heterogeneous-Adjective
    -Consisting of dissimilar or diverse ingredients or constituents: mixed
  86. Extrinsic-Adjective
    • -Not forming part of or belonging to a thing: extraneous
    • -Originating from or on the outside: originating outside a part and acting upon the part as a whole
    • -External
  87. Extenuate-Verb
    • -To lessen or try to lessen the seriousness or extent of by making partial excuses: mitigate
    • -To lessen the strength or effore of
  88. Entourage-Noun
    -One's attendants or associates
  89. Disparage-Verb
    • -To degrade by marriage below one's class
    • -To lower in rank or reputation: degrade
    • -To depreciate by indirect means: speak slightly about
  90. Disingenuous-Adjective
    • -Lacking in candor
    • -Giving a false apperance of simple frankness
  91. Corroborate-Verb
    • -To support with evidence or authority
    • -To make more certain
  92. Conjure-Verb
    • -To charge or entreat earnestly or solemnly
    • -To summon by or as if by invocaton or incantation
    • -To affect or effect by or as if by magic
    • -Imagine, contrive
    • -To bring to mind
    • -To summon a devil or spirit by invocation or incantation
    • -To practice magical arts
  93. Blithely-Adverb
    • -Acting in a happy lighthearted character or dispostion
    • -Lacking due to thought or consideration: casual, heedless
  94. Analogous-Adjective
    -Showing an analogy or a likeness that permits one to draw and analogy
  95. Absurd-Adjective & Noun
    • -Ridculously unreasonable, unsound, or incongruous
    • -Having no rational or orderly relationship to human life: meaningless
    • -Lacking order or value

    -The state or condition in which human beings exsist in an irrational and meaningless universe and in which human life has no ultimate meaning
Card Set
AP Composition Vocab Words