Social Studies test

  1. Decrease in population at Jamestown
    • -no useful skills (people who came had)
    • -surrounded by marshes full of disease-carrying mosquitoes
  2. headright system
    started by the london company, colonists who paid their own way to virginia recieved 50 acres of land. a colonist could earn another 50 acres for every additional person brought from england
  3. reasons catholics came to america in the 1600s
    • -to escape religious persecution in england
    • -english catholics had long been against englands separation from the roman catholic church, for this reason they were not allowed by the church of england to worship freely. english leaders also feared that enlgish catholics would ally with catholic countries such as france and spain in conflicts
  4. why virginia turned to slave labour
    some african americans had become enslaved after working as an indentured servant for the required time, and the demand for workers was soon greater than the supply of people willing to work as indentured servants. over time, the cost of slaves fell. these factors led some colonists to turn to slave labor. by the mid-1600s, most africans in virginia were being kept in life long slavery
  5. characteristics of southern colonies
    • -indentured servents, slaves
    • -long growing season, close to water(great for transportation), suitable for growing cash crops(rice, tobacco, indigo)
    • -large plantations
    • -fear of uprising from the slaves
    • -slaves were treated BAD
  6. why pilgrims came to america
    were a separatist grouyp that left england in the early 1600s to escape persecution. they went to netherlands but the children were learning dutch culture and the parents were not happy, so the moved to america in order to be able to practice their own beliefs and choose the way they wanted to live
  7. mayflower compacts purpose
    • -describe the reasons they want to form a colony in north america, promise to obey laws that help the whole colony
    • -represents one of the first attempts at self government in the english colornies
  8. anne hutchinsons beliefs
    -idea that you can have a good relationship with God without ministers, priests, etc: (women were supposed to keep quiet, lived in a very religious area at the time)
  9. new england and education
    -very important, a law was passed that said for every 50 families in an area, there had to be a school. children had to learn how to read and write because the parents wanted them to k now how to read the bible
  10. disadvantages of new england farming
    -farmland was poor, the freezing weather
  11. women in colonies
    -women took care of the family
  12. forests' impacts in new england
    -because the farmland was poor and there were many forests around, these colonists had to turn to shipbuilding(OUT OF THE FORESTS WOOD) as a main income for their economy
  13. middle colonies characteristics
    • -slaves were treated better
    • -protestants, SOME slaves, dutch(swedish, finnish, scottish), quakers
    • -harsh winters(cold), short growing season, weather=worries for crops
  14. economy of the middle colonies
    • -staple crops(farming, but not like plantations-short growing season)=wheat, barley, oats
    • -raised livestock=pigs, labs, chickens, etc
  15. indentured servants in middle colonies
    largely filled the middle colonies' growing labor needs
  16. trade in the middle colonies
    merchants in philadelphia and new york city exported colonial goods to markets in britain and the west indies. these products included wheat from new york, pennsylvania, and new jersey
  17. english bill of rights
    this act reduced the powers ot the enligsh monarch, at the same time, parliament gained power
  18. mercantilism
    a system of creating and maintaining wealth through carefully controlled trade
  19. navigation acts' purpose
    • -limited colonial trade
    • -navigation act of 1660 forbade colonists from trading specific items such as sugar and cotton with any other country other than england. the act also required colonists to use english ships to transport goods. parliament alter passed other acts that required all trade goods to pass through english ports, where duties, or import taxeswere added.
  20. great awakening
    a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s that changed colonial religion. johnathan edwards gave sermons telling sinners to seek forgiveness for their sins or face punishment in hell forever
  21. cause of french and indian war
    tensions had arisen between new england colonists and wampanoag indians. colonists efforts to take his peoples land, these tensions eventually erupted in war
  22. results of french and indian war
    each side came to depend upon the other
  23. why did the stamp act anger colonists?
    direct way to tax colonists, they had to purchase a stamp on ANY paper product they owned
  24. cause of boston massacre
    a british soldier and an english colonist got into an argument, british soldier struck colonist
  25. boston tea party is an example of...
    a protest by the colonists about the new english taxation laws
  26. purpose of first continental congress
    a gathering of colonial leaders who were deeply troubled about the relationship between great britain and its colonies in america
  27. patrick henry
    he and others believed that violence was unavoidable
  28. issues discussed at the second continental congress
    • some delegates called for war, others for peace
    • sent word to colonial authorities for new state constitutions
    • massachusetts militia-continental army
  29. importance of lexington and concord
    • minutemen at lexington, john patker(patriot captain) yelled not to fire, but a shot rang out, nobody knows who shot it
    • ended in minutes, 8 patriots dead, 10 wounded; 1 british dead and they moved to concord
Card Set
Social Studies test
Chapters 3 and 4