AP English Poetry Terms

  1. allegory
    a concrete idea representing an abstract one
  2. alliteration
    • The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words.
    • Ex. Betty Botta bought some butter and Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
  3. allusion
    a reference to something
  4. anapest
    • A metrical foot of three syllables, two unstressed followed by one stressed.
    • Ex. 'twas the night and to the moon.
    • (opp. of dactyl)
  5. antithesis
    • A figure of speech in which words and phrases with opposite meanings are balanced against each other.
    • Ex. To err is human, to forgive, divine
  6. apostrophe
    Words that are spoken to a person who is absent or imaginary, or to an object or abstract idea.
  7. assonance
    • The repetition or a pattern of similar sounds, especially vowel sounds
    • Ex. Moses supposes his toeses are roses
  8. ballad
    • A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain.
    • Has 3 stanzas of 7/8/10 lines and a shorter stanza/envoy of 4/5 lines
  9. blank verse
    Poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
  10. caesura
    A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line.
  11. consonance
    • The repetition of similar consonant sounds, especially at the ends of words
    • Ex. lost and last, confess and dismiss
  12. dactyl
    • A metrical fool of 3 syllables, one stressed and 2 unstressed
    • Ex. happily
    • (opp. of anapest)
  13. couplet
    A pair of lines that are the same length and usually rhyme and form a complete thought.
  14. elegy
    A poem that laments the death of a person, or one that is simply sad and thoughtful.
  15. enjambment
    • The continuation of a complete idea from one line to the next w/o pause.
    • Ex. I think that I shall never see/A poem as lovely as a tree
  16. Envoi
    The shorter final stanza of a poem
  17. feminine rhyme
    • A multi-syllable rhyme that ends with one or more unstressed syllables
    • Ex. paper/vapor, vacation/proclamation
  18. foot
    2+ syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in a poem
  19. free verse
    Poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set meter.
  20. heptameter
    A line of poetry that has 7 metrical feet
  21. heroic couplet
    A stanza composed of 2 rhymed lines in iambic pentameter
  22. hexameter
    A line of poetry that has six metrical feet
  23. iamb
    • A metrical foot of two syllables, one unstressed and one stressed
    • Ex. come live/with me/and be/my love
    • (opp. of trochee)
  24. masculine rhyme
    • A rhyme that occurs in a final stressed syllable
    • Ex. cat/hat, endow/vow, observe/deserve
  25. metaphor
    A figure of speech in which 2 things are compared
  26. meter
    The arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of stressed syllables.
  27. metonymy
    • One word is substituted for another w/ which it's closely associated
    • Ex. The pen is mightier than the sword
  28. ode
    A lyric poem that is serious and thoughtful in tone and has a very precise, formal structure
  29. onomatopoeia
    • A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds
    • Ex. buzz, hiss, zing
  30. ottava rima
    A type of poetry consisting of 10/11 syllable lines arranged in 8-line "octaves" w/ the rhyme scheme abababcc
  31. pastoral
    A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, idealized way
  32. pentameter
    A line of poetry that has 5 metrical feet
  33. personification
    A figure of speech in which nonhuman things or abstract ideas are given human attributes
  34. quatrain
    A stanza or poem of 4 lines
  35. simile
    A figure of speech in which 2 things are compared using the word "like" or "as"
  36. sonnet
    A lyric poem that is 14 lines long. Petrarchan and English
  37. stanza
    2 or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem
  38. synecdoche
    • A figure of speech in which a part is used to designate the whole or the whole is used to designate a part.
    • Ex. all hands on deck
  39. terza rima
    A type of poetry consisting of 10/11 syllable lines arranged in 3-line "tercets" w/ the rhyme scheme aba bcb cdc, etc.
  40. trochee
    • A metrical foot of 2 syllables, one stressed and one unstressed
    • Ex. trochee
    • (opp. of iamb)
Card Set
AP English Poetry Terms
poetry vocab