a concrete idea representing an abstract one
- The repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words.
- Ex. Betty Botta bought some butter and Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
a reference to something
- A metrical foot of three syllables, two unstressed followed by one stressed.
- Ex. 'twas the night and to the moon.
- (opp. of dactyl)
- A figure of speech in which words and phrases with opposite meanings are balanced against each other.
- Ex. To err is human, to forgive, divine
Words that are spoken to a person who is absent or imaginary, or to an object or abstract idea.
- The repetition or a pattern of similar sounds, especially vowel sounds
- Ex. Moses supposes his toeses are roses
- A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain.
- Has 3 stanzas of 7/8/10 lines and a shorter stanza/envoy of 4/5 lines
Poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line.
- The repetition of similar consonant sounds, especially at the ends of words
- Ex. lost and last, confess and dismiss
- A metrical fool of 3 syllables, one stressed and 2 unstressed
- Ex. happily
- (opp. of anapest)
A pair of lines that are the same length and usually rhyme and form a complete thought.
A poem that laments the death of a person, or one that is simply sad and thoughtful.
- The continuation of a complete idea from one line to the next w/o pause.
- Ex. I think that I shall never see/A poem as lovely as a tree
The shorter final stanza of a poem
- A multi-syllable rhyme that ends with one or more unstressed syllables
- Ex. paper/vapor, vacation/proclamation
2+ syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in a poem
Poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set meter.
A line of poetry that has 7 metrical feet
A stanza composed of 2 rhymed lines in iambic pentameter
A line of poetry that has six metrical feet
- A metrical foot of two syllables, one unstressed and one stressed
- Ex. come live/with me/and be/my love
- (opp. of trochee)
- A rhyme that occurs in a final stressed syllable
- Ex. cat/hat, endow/vow, observe/deserve
A figure of speech in which 2 things are compared
The arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of stressed syllables.
- One word is substituted for another w/ which it's closely associated
- Ex. The pen is mightier than the sword
A lyric poem that is serious and thoughtful in tone and has a very precise, formal structure
- A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds
- Ex. buzz, hiss, zing
A type of poetry consisting of 10/11 syllable lines arranged in 8-line "octaves" w/ the rhyme scheme abababcc
A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, idealized way
A line of poetry that has 5 metrical feet
A figure of speech in which nonhuman things or abstract ideas are given human attributes
A stanza or poem of 4 lines
A figure of speech in which 2 things are compared using the word "like" or "as"
A lyric poem that is 14 lines long. Petrarchan and English
2 or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem
- A figure of speech in which a part is used to designate the whole or the whole is used to designate a part.
- Ex. all hands on deck
A type of poetry consisting of 10/11 syllable lines arranged in 3-line "tercets" w/ the rhyme scheme aba bcb cdc, etc.
- A metrical foot of 2 syllables, one stressed and one unstressed
- Ex. trochee
- (opp. of iamb)